The Treaty of Versailles “To be able to explain how the treaty of Versailles could have contributed to the causes of WW2”
Starter • Turn to page 155, quickly in the back of your book list the differences you can find between the map on that page and the map on page 154
What were the key terms..? • Germany took the blame (war guilt clause) • Germany had to pay reparations (the actual figure of 6.6 billion pounds was decided upon later) • Germany lost its colonies and some territory. • Germany’s army was massively reduced, it was banned from having an air force and could only have a tiny navy
What did people think of the treaty? • Well one observer at the conference clearly wasn’t impressed, he said: • “This is not peace, it is a truce for 20 years.” • Some French thought that Germany had not been treated harshly enough, whilst Woodrow Wilson felt they had gone too far!
What about now… • With the benefit of hindsight it is often suggested that the Treaty was too harsh and contributed towards the rise of Hitler and WW2. • However others have suggested that it wasn’t harsh enough and the problem is that is wasn’t enforced.
Looking at cartoons from the time.. • Go to www.activehistory.co.uk • Log in and then click on ‘GCSE history’ • Then go to “4. The Peace Treaties after World War One’ • Then all the way down to ‘Interactive cartoon analysis.’
Which cartoons to do? • Start with this one: • Then save it to print later… • Then do this one…
What can you see in this cartoon? • What do you think this represents? • What do you think the cartoonist is trying to say?
What is the message of the cartoon? • 1 mark = correctly states that the cartoon is about the Treaty of Versailles and how it was too harsh • 2-3 marks = as above but also give examples from the cartoon OR includes supporting knowledge e.g. the army was reduced, reparations were too high, germany lost land etc • 4 marks = as above but includes BOTH supporting knowledge AND examples from the cartoon along with a developed explanation.