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Ab initio Training: From zero to ATPL

Ab initio Training: From zero to ATPL

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Ab initio Training: From zero to ATPL

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  1. Ab initio Training:From zero to ATPL “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  2. ENAC • French Civil Aviation University • Civil Engineer (IPC) to educate and train them as high level executives of the ministry namely at the Direction Générale de l’Aviation Civile (DGAC). • Air Navigation Control Engineer • Civil Aviation Design and Operations Senior Technician “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  3. SEFAThe French DGAC Flight Training School FTO approval JAR-FCL 1 licences & qualifications Full assurance quality “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  4. SEFA’s EXPERIENCE • CPL, IRME, ATP courses • MCC course • Refresher course • Bridge courses (ELT/MCC) • Instructor rating courses (FI, CRI, IRI, TRI) • Type rating course • Line training “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  5. “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  6. F/O training course until 1999 REGULATIONS • Instructors • Recruitment • Training (refresher) • Pedagogical Means • A/C, FSTD SEFA Flight Training School • TRAINEES • screening “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  7. F/O training course until 1999 • Until 1990 • 350 hours of flight training • MS 733 then HR 100 (SEP) • N262 (bi turboprop pressurized) then C310 (MEP) • MS Paris (light bi turbine) then Corvette • From 1990 to 1994 • 255 hours of flight training • TB10/TB20 (SEP) • C310 (MEP) • B200 (30h) • From 1995 to 1999 • 200 hours of flight training • TB10/TB20 (SEP) • C310/BE58(MEP) • B200 (2h) “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  8. Pilots Profession The Past • 70% Flying • 30% Managing - Limited autoflight - High level of manual flying skills - Non Prec. Approaches “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  9. Pilots Profession “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  10. Pilots Profession Now and the Future • 70% Managing • 30% Flying - auto approaches autoland - FMGS –complex autoflight - 1g flight path, autotrim - Radar vectors, ILS, GNSS - TCAS, EGPWS “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  11. Pilots Profession “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  12. Training devices The Past No standardisation • Few flight hours credits • Analog simulation • Low riability • Poor visual cues • Lack of suitable database “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  13. Training devices “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  14. Training devices Now and the Future • JAA(EASA) standards • Digital simulation - Enhanced Visual - data package (aerodynamic) - Control loading - Cockpit layout “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  15. Training devices TB 20 “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  16. 1999 : JAA regulationATP integrated course • JAR FCL 1 Appendix 1 to JAR–FCL 1.160 & 1.165(a)(1) At least 195 hours (55 hours may be instrument ground time) • 95 hours of Dual instruction • 55 hours may be instrument ground time • 50 hours of cross country flight • Including a VFR cross country flight totalling at least 300 Nm • 5 hours flight time at night • 1 hour of cross country flight • 5 solo take off and full stop • 115 hours of instrument time • 50 hours of instrument flight instruction (40 hours may be ground training) • 20 hours as SPIC • 15 hours MCC Maximal Duration 36 months including theory phase “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  17. ATP (A) INTEGRATED COURSETheoretical training program • Appendix 1 to JAR-FCL 1.160 & 1.165(a)(1) Subject hours/subject (minima) 010 Air Law 40 020 Aircraft General Knowledge 80 030 Flight Performance and Planning 90 040 Human Performance and Limitations 50 050 Meteorology 60 060 Navigation 150 070 Operational Procedures 20 080 Principles of Flight 30 090 Communications 30 Total550 hours Theoretical knowledge : at least 750 hours “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  18. ATP (A) INTEGRATED COURSETheoretical training program • Learning Objectives • Refer to JAR FCL theoretical knowledge • Represent an indication of the depth and scope for theoretical knowledge required by the ATPL • Define the theoretical knowledge which a student should have assimilated on successful completion of the course. “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  19. ATP (A) INTEGRATED COURSELearning Objectives 021 00 00 00Aircraft General Knowledge Airframe and systems, electrics, power plant, emergency equipment 021 01 00 00 System design, Loads, Stresses, Maintenance 021 01 01 00 System design 021 01 01 01 Design concept LO Describe the following system design philosophy - Safe life - Fail safe - Damage tolerant “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  20. Line training JAA standardized training for F/O F/O Type Rating ATP Integrated course CPL/IRME/MCC Ab initio “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  21. INTEGRATED ATP • OBJECTIVES Deliver an efficient co-pilot on an XXX transport aeroplane. The multi-pilot concept and procedures begin after the student pilot has acquired strong flying skills in basic training. No previous flying experience needed. On completion of training ATPL (A) certificates, CPL, IRME and an MCC training certificate will be issued. • TYPE RATING An applicant holding a course completion certificate for this Integrated ATP course has acquired the professional level to undergo an MPA type rating in the most favourable conditions. “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  22. Integrated ATP syllabus Theoretical course 28 Weeks MCC 3 Weeks VFR SEP 20 Weeks IR SEP 13 Weeks IR MEP 09 Weeks Ab initio Check points CPL MCC certificate IR-ME 14 certificates + English Note that an integrated training under JAR-FCL 1 leads directly to commercial licenses without PPL and HPA step. “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  23. Theory phase “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  24. VFR SEP PHASE • Objectives : • This phase comprises two modules used for acquiring the skills needed to operate with the level of a commercial pilot. “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  25. TB 20 A/C & FNPT II “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  26. UPSET RECOVERY • Objectives : • To improve flying skills • To develop space orientation and self-confidence • To assimilate techniques for recovering from unusual positions “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  27. CAP 10 “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  28. IRSE PHASE • Objectives : • Acquiring skills for flight control in IFR flight mode on a single engine aircraft “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  29. TB 20 A/C & FNPT II “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  30. SPIC Student Pilot-in-command • Definition : • Flight time during which the flight instructor will only observe the student acting as pilot-in-command and shall not influence or control the flight of the aircraft • A way to build and assess non technical skills : • Assertiveness • Airmanship • Communication • Decision making • Management of workload • Situation awareness • Metaknowledge “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  31. IR ME Phase • Objectives : • Acquiring the skill needed to operate IFR flights on a multi engine aircraft. “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  32. Beech 58 A/C & FNPT “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  33. Adapted MCC • Objectives : • Leads low experience pilots to acquire the professional level to undergo an aircraft type rating in accordance with customer need, including Multi Crew Cooperation training. “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  34. Integrated ATP summary “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  35. THE NEXT STEPMPL vs ATPA new concept forab-initio training “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  36. ATP(A) course F/O Line training Bridge course & Type Rating ATP Integrated course CPL-IRME-MCC Ab initio “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  37. A new concept : MPL F/O Line training MPL course Including Type Rating Ab initio “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  38. MPL vs Modular training Line TRNG Line TRNG Advanced TR Bridge Course Intermediate MCC MPL Basic ATP IR-ME Core flying CPL “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  39. MPL vs Modular training • ISD monitored • Competency Based Training • Multi pilot oriented training • Intensive use of simulation tools • Increase training consistency between FI/TRI • FTO : having a specific approved arrangement with a JAR-OPS 1 operator “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  40. ISD : Instructional System Design Trainair ICAO “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  41. FTO/OPERATOR for a MPL course French Regional Airline • Operates 24 ATR Aircraft • SEFA • Has performed line training • Instructor acting as Captain, TRI/TRE and F/O “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  42. ISD : Instructional System Design JOB ANALYSIS : Task description and performance standards By SEFA + OPERATOR “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  43. SKILLS REQUIRED AIRLINE • Technical skills • RS1 • Handling and trajectory (orientation/spatial awareness) • Piloting with automatisms • RS2 : Action-check and cross-check • RS3 : Communication (technical) • RS4 : Organisation –workload management • RS5 : Priority management “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  44. SKILLS REQUIRED • Non Technical skills • Leadership and managerial skills • Co-operation • Situation awareness • Decision making • Threat and error management “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  45. Competency Based Training • Competency “Describes the faculty of the trainee to apply knowledge and methods, or to adapt certain behaviours to new and diverse situations” The training objectives are evaluated through observable behaviours in given situations, based on predefined criteria (standards)” “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  46. Competency “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  47. DESIGN OF MODULES D : Basic understanding and knowledge I : Integration of known applications in a familiar situation P : Ability to analyse new situations to elaborate and apply a relevant strategy “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  48. CORE FLYING PHASE • Objectives : • Development of the core flying skills needed to operate in VFR flight mode on a SEP aircraft, including night flying and upset recovery. “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  49. BASIC PHASE 1/2 • BASIC MEP Objectives : • Development of skills needed to operate in IFR flight mode on a MEP aircraft. “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010

  50. BASIC PHASE 2/2 • BASIC MPA Objectives : • Acquisition of the multi crew cooperation concept • Piloting a high performance aircraft • Acquisition of right-hand seat gestures “From Zero to ATPL” – ZILINA 14-15 Sept 2010