Hugo Chavez: Land Reform in Venezuela. By Jacqui, Mohamed, Alexis, and Akich. In 1960 nearly 2/3 of the population lived in the country side. 1970-Oil BOOM Inequality and crime in the cities. Smallest agricultural sector in Latin America 1998-Hugo Chavez elected President of Venezuela .
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Hugo Chavez: Land Reform in Venezuela By Jacqui, Mohamed, Alexis, and Akich
In 1960 nearly 2/3 of the population lived in the country side. • 1970-Oil BOOM • Inequality and crime in the cities. • Smallest agricultural sector in Latin America • 1998-Hugo Chavez elected President of Venezuela A Little Bit of History...
Taking office in 1999 • Chavz took office in February 1999 • New Bolivarian Republic Constitution • 5 Branches • CNE • Increased term to 6 years
Making reforms in 2001 • Ley de Tierras • "Vuelta a campo"
Implementation of Programs in 2002 1.The Instituto Nacional de Tierras ("National Land Institute") 2. The Instituto Nacional de Desarrollo Rural ("National Rural Development Institute") 3. The Corporación de Abastecimiento y Servicios Agrícolas ("Agricultural Corporation of Supplies and Services")
Mission Zamora In order to speed up the process of agrarian reform, on February 4, 2003 Hugo Chávez signed a presidential decree formally launching mission Zamora as part of the National Land Institute. Mission Zamora was a quick way for government to distribute land. Much of the land distributed under Mission Zamora was empty or already owned by the government
Urban Land Committees • The Urban Land Committees (CTU - Comités de Tierras Urbanas) were called into life with presidential decree 1,666 on February 4, 2002. • Barrio inhabitants, who generally build their own homes on occupied land, have built more homes than all government have built in Venezuela's post-1958 era.
the size of idle land that owners may keep Decisions left up the National Land Institute (INTI) Estates to be taxed as long as they are idle The Reform in 2005
Application for land ownership Land cannot be passed down or sold Negative effects on citizens The National Assembly passes Article 90 The Redistribution in 2005
Private Land Ownership • Change of land ownership due to improper documentation • Dating back to the mid-19th century • Main task is having an accurate register of land titles
Private Land Ownership • Eliecer Otaiza put in charge to redistribute 2 million Hectares • 1.5 of the 2 million Hectares were privately owned land! • Start of the National Agricultural Commission Wilpert, Gregory. "Venezuela’s Land Reform." LRAN. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. <http://www.landaction.org/display.php?article=334>.
Increases to state power. • New requirements for land ownership. • Communal Councils now eligible for land ownership. • New definitions of a Latifundio. Land Law Reforms
Quadruple irrigation systems. Expand production of crops. Improvements to infrastructure. Financed by China. New Offensive
Nationalization of firms common practice by Chavez. Venoco Fertinitro Fedecamaras will file a case with Supreme Court. Nationalization of Firms
Law of Attention for the Agricultural Sector Mission Agro-Venezuela Joint venture with Heilongjiang Beidahuang Nongken Group Company. Mission Agro-Venezuela
Questions Do you think Chavez was successful in the development and implementation of Ley de Tierras? Why or why not? Will the negative impact of the black market outweigh the positive results of selling land titles? Do you believe plans to improve the infrastructure will be enough to produce a food surplus in Venezuela?