HAZARDOUS MATERIAL/EXPLOSIVE DRIVERS COURSE FOR MOTOR VEHICLES AND MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT Lesson 2
PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS FROM THE NAVMED P-117, CHAPTER 15: MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS • Heart and Vascular System : • - A medical history or clinical diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. • - Current clinical diagnosis of hypertension likely to interfere with his or her ability to operate a commercial vehicle. • Any history or clinical diagnosis rheumatic, arthritic, orthopedic • or neuromuscular disease or impairment likely to interfere with assigned duties is disqualifying. • Neurological: • - Medical history or clinical • diagnosis of epilepsy, recurrent syncope, or any • condition which is likely to cause loss or, or altered • states of consciousness .
PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS FROM THE NAVMED P-117, CHAPTER 15: MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS • Endocrine: • - Any history or clinical diagnosis of diabetes currently requiring insulin for control is disqualifying. • Psychiatric: • Any mental, nervous, organic, or functional disease or psychiatric disorder likely to interfere with assigned duties. • - Currant diagnosis of alcoholism with less than one year sobriety. • - Us of any Schedule 1 drug, amphetamine, narcotic or addicting drug or substance (excluding tobacco) or illegal drug.
PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS FROM THE NAVMED P-117, CHAPTER 15: MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS • Additional Special Studies: • Urinalysis- A positive finding for protein, blood or glucose require further evaluation. • Fasting glucose and lipid panel at preplacement (baseline) examination and every 5 years. • - EKG once after age 40.
ALCOHOL AND DRUGS Any applicant for explosives driver certification found to be addicted to alcohol or drugs shall be disqualified per Title 49 CFR 382.301. Drivers are subject to random testing as required by Title 49 CFR 382.305. Certification shall be revoked for explosives drivers found to be under the influence of alcohol or drugs while on duty, or who by “medical determination” show evidence of addiction to the same. Temporary revocation of certification may be necessary when use of physician prescribed drugs are likely to interfere with the ability to operate a motor vehicle safely.
ABILITY TO READ AND UNDERSTAND REGULATIONS Explosives drivers shall be able to read, write and understand the English language, and to complete the various forms for which they are responsible. They shall be required to read and understand the regulations pertaining to their duties described in this publication.
TRAININGREQUIREMENTS Military, civilian and contractor personnel selected for positions involving responsibility for handling and/or transporting ordnance and explosives shall have the required certification training, or shall be scheduled to attend and successfully complete the required courses as a condition of employment. Required training of personnel shall be scheduled and / or completed within six months of reporting for duty. The following requirements apply:
TRAININGREQUIREMENTS (con’t) (a.) Personnel who certify or prepare and load ordnance and related HM for shipment must receive formal initial and refresher HM training per Title 49 CFR Part 172.704 and DOD regulations. Training may be provided by the HM employer or private or public sources. (b.) Personnel authorized to certify ordnance and Hazardous Materials shall be so designated in writing.
EXPLOSIVE SAFETY TRAINING COURSES The following paragraphs provide an outline of required training for explosives drivers and inspectors of conveyances transporting ammunition, explosives and related HM. All personnel involved with the preparation and shipment of HM by military owned vehicles (MOV) or commercial carriers must receive training per Title 49 CFR Part 172.704 and DOD regulations. NAVSEA SW020-AG-SAF-010 provides a more complete listing of explosives safety training courses offered by a variety of activities.
REQUIRED TRAINING All explosive drivers shall receive at least 12 hours of instruction and training in the areas outlined in the following course description: NAVORDCEN Hazardous Materials Driver Training Course. Availability: Naval Ordnance Center (Code N714), Farragut Hall, Bldg. D323, 23 Strauss Avenue, Indian Head, MD 20640-5555. This course is used for drivers of ammunition, explosives and related HM both on-station and over public highways. Instruction is provided in the following areas:
REQUIRED TRAINING (1) Driving trucks, truck-tractors with semi-trailers and other vehicles. (2) Handling and transporting HM. (3) Regulations and procedures pertaining to the transportation of HM. (4) Proper use of fire extinguishers. (5) Completing and filing reports.
REFRESHER TRAINING Each activity will use this curriculum or their equivalent course to satisfy the 12-hour training requirement of paragraph 2-3.1.1, and to develop a four-hour refresher training course. The refresher course is required to be taken every three years for drivers to maintain qualifications!!!!.
MAINTAINING SAFETY SKILLS Explosives drivers are encouraged to take a personal interest in maintaining a high level of skill. It is the duty of explosives drivers to be thoroughly familiar with their activity’s safety manual, ensuring personal and public safety. They should be active in job related portions of their activity’s safety program and should attend refresher courses given by the safety office. Drivers and shipping inspectors should attend “stand-up” safety meetings. These meetings should provide information on changes to regulations and operating procedures, first aid, fire fighting techniques, new equipment, Hazardous Material classes, etc. Also, explosives drivers shall routinely check their activity's bulletin boards; attend scheduled film showings about Hazardous Material transportation; and, refer to appropriate publications provided by their activity's safety office.
MOTOR VEHICLE/RAILCAR INSPECTORS The following courses ARE MANDATORY for personnel responsible for performing inspections of these inspections of these conveyances (empty and loaded). Although they are NOT REQUIRED for explosive drivers, they are highly recommended: Motor Vehicle and Railcar Inspection Course (AMMO-51): Defense Ammunition Center (DAC), McAlester, OK or thru DAC On-Site. This course is intended to certify Navy and Marine Corps (civilian, military, or contractor) personnel in the inspection of motor vehicles and railcars transporting explosives and related Hazardous Materials. Course content includes vehicle placarding, packaging, and dunage inspection per applicable Department of Transportation (DOT) and Department of Navy (DON) requirements., etc. Personnel shall be recertified in this course every two years to maintain qualifications.
PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITIES Explosives drivers and shipping inspectors shall adhere to mandatory safety requirements, procedures and security measures set forth in this manual when transporting Hazardous Material. Specific guidance on explosives drivers and shipping inspectors responsibilities are provided in chapters 4 through 9. Specific driving regulations pertaining to the transportation of Hazardous Material are in chapter 5. For further guidance, shipping inspectors and explosives drivers should contact their supervisor or safety director.
DRIVER LIABILITY Personnel operating Navy owned motor vehicles shall be responsible for compliance with all DOD regulations, state and local traffic laws. Any driver in violation of any such regulation or law is subject to fines and/or imprisonment.
DISCIPLINARY ACTION AND PENALTIES Drivers are subject to disciplinary actions and penalties for violation of civil and/or military regulations. The degree of disciplinary action and penalty which may be imposed by Naval authority is dependent upon the individual’s past record and the discretion of the Commanding Officer (CO). Criminal penalties: “A person who knowingly violates 171.2(g) or willfully violates a provision of the Federal hazardous material transportation law or an order or regulation issued the offender shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both”…..49 CFR part 107.333.
DISCIPLINARY ACTION AND PENALTIES Maximum penalties: (a) A person who knowingly violates a requirement of the Federal hazardous material transportation law, an order issued there under, this subchapter, subchapter C of this chapter, or an exemption issued under this subchapter applicable to the transporting of hazardous materials or the causing of them to be transported or shipped is liable for a civil penalty of not more than $32,500 and not less than $275 for each violation. (For a violation that occurred after January 21, 1997, and before October 1, 2003, the maximum and minimum civil penalties are $27,500 and $250, respectively.)When the violation is a continuing one, each day of the violation constitutes a separate offense.
DISCIPLINARY ACTION AND PENALTIES Maximum penalties: (cont’d) (b) A person who knowingly violates a requirement of the Federal hazardous material transportation law, an order issued there under, this subchapter, subchapter C of this chapter, or an exemption issued under this subchapter applicable to the manufacture, fabrication, marking, maintenance, reconditioning, repair, or testing of a packaging or container which is represented, marked, certified or sold by that person as being qualified for use in the transportation of hazardous materials in commerce is liable for a civil penalty of not more than $32,500 and not less than $275 for each violation. (For a violation that occurred after January 21, 1997, and before October 1, 2003, the maximum and minimum civil penalties are $27,500 and $250, respectively.)
REPORTING TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS OR ACCIDENTS All traffic violations or accidents shall be reported to the supervisor, security officer or safety officer, and shall be noted on the operator’s driving record. Specific steps to be taken by the driver in the event of an accident or delay are outlined in chapter 5 of this manual.
SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION OF A OF-346 DRIVER’S PERMIT The CO shall suspend or revoke a OF-346 driver’s permit if, in his/her opinion, it would be in the best interest of the Marine Corps.
AUTOMATIC REVOCATION OF A OF-346 DRIVER’S PERMIT A OF-346 driver’s permit shall be revoked automatically for the following violations, and notice of such action shall be filed in the driver’s personnel record: • Driving while under the influence of alcohol, illegal drugs, a derivative of a narcotic drug, or the misuse of a prescription drug. • b. The known transportation or possession of alcohol, illegal drugs or a derivative of a narcotic drug. • c. Failure to report an accident in which the driver was involved. • d. Leaving the scene of an accident in which the driver was involved. • e. Smoking while in or within 25 feet of a vehicle loaded with HM. • f. Revocation of state driver’s license.
AUTOMATIC REVOCATION OF A OF-346 DRIVER’S PERMIT (CON’T) First offenders of violations a. through d. shall be disqualified for 1 year after the date of conviction or forfeiture of bond or collateral. A driver shall be disqualified for 3 years if he/she is convicted of a subsequent offense, or forfeits bond or collateral within 3 years of a prior offense.
REINSTATEMENT Any driver whose permit has been suspended or revoked for any of the preceding violations shall be required to pass the mental and physical examinations described in paragraphs 2-2.5 and 2-2.6 prior to the issuance of a new driver’s permit. Drivers shall be required to pass a driving test given after a state and/or installation waiting period is met. Reinstatement shall be granted only with the permission of the activity CO.
PERSONNEL ASSIGNMENTS Authorized drivers and their qualified representatives assigned to transport ammunition, explosives and related HM shall follow the guidance set forth herein. AUTHORIZED DRIVERS No persons other than those certified as explosives drivers shall operate motor vehicles carrying HM.
EXTRA DRIVERS When a motor vehicle carrying ammunition, explosives or related hazardous materials is dispatched on an off-station trip, two qualified drivers or one driver and a qualified representative shall be assigned. The extra driver shall act as a relief driver. Explosives drivers shall observe the following regulations in performance of their duties:
EXTRA DRIVERS (CON’T) (a.) Per Title 49 CFR Part 395.3, no driver shall drive more than 10 hours following 8 consecutive hours off duty; nor shall a driver drive for any period after having been on duty 15 hours following eight consecutive hours off duty. (b.) One driver shall guard the vehicle during rest stops. A driver may also act as a security guard if cleared to the level of security designated by the material being transported. An unaccompanied armed driver does not constitute an armed guard. (c.) In emergencies, drivers shall divide the responsibilities of warning passersby, notifying law enforcement authorities, rendering first aid and guarding the vehicle.
QUALIFIED REPRESENTATIVES A qualified representative is a person who has been designated by the shipper to attend the motor vehicle and: (a.) Is aware of the nature of the Hazardous Material contained in the motor vehicle. (b.) Has been instructed in emergency procedures; (Chapter 9) (c.) Is authorized and trained to move the motor vehicle.
OFF-STATION RIDERS Off-station transportation of ammunition, explosives and related hazardous materials using three passenger military motor vehicles shall be made with two drivers, or one driver and a qualified representative per vehicle and no passengers. All of these personnel shall be required to ride in the cab of the military motor vehicle. For short distances, an exception is permitted to use one driver with a two-way communication device. In this case, a waiver shall be obtained from the NAVORDSAFSECACT, Code N714, Farragut Hall, Bldg. D323, 23 Strauss Avenue, Indian Head, MD 20640-5555. For six passenger military motor vehicles, the driver and four qualified representatives are authorized to ride in the cab. No one shall be allowed to ride in the cargo compartment of a vehicle transporting ammunition, explosives and related hazardous materials.
ON-STATION RIDERS During on-station moves only, the driver and two qualified representatives may occupy the cab of a three-passenger military motor vehicle. The driver and five qualified representatives may occupy the cab of a six passenger military motor vehicle. This includes those instances when vehicles must cross over public highways to work another part of an activity. No one shall be allowed to ride in the cargo compartment of a vehicle transporting ammunition, explosives and related hazardous materials EXCEPT when limited quantities of Hazard Class/Division 1.4S( 1.4S-referring to small arms ammunition i.e., rounds,etc.) are being transported. In these situations, local officials have to identify and resolve what the allowable quantity limits are based on urgent conditions. The cargo must be secured in the truck body and securely anchored seats shall be provided for the additional personnel.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR ASSISTANT DRIVERS DURING FLIGHT-LINE AND COMBAT AIRCRAFT LOADING AREA ORDNANCE OPERATIONS The following instructions shall apply when employing the services of an Assistant Driver (I.e “A” Driver) during flight-line and Combat Aircraft Loading Area (CALA) ordnance operations: (a.) These instructions are applicable to 5-Ton military tactical vehicles (M813, M923, M925, M927, and M928) with K-4A and MHU-151/M trailers in tow while transporting ordnance along designated ON-STATION routes in support of flight-line and CALA operations. (b.) The (A) driver will occupy a seat in the cargo compartment of the 5-Ton tactical military motor vehicle. The cargo compartment of the 5-Ton vehicle will contain limited quantities of mission essential ordnance items associated with flight-line and CALA operations. A K-4/A or MHU-151/M trailer loaded with main ordnance assemblies will be attached to the 5-Ton motor vehicle.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR ASSISTANT DRIVERS DURING FLIGHT-LINE AND COMBAT AIRCRAFT LOADING AREA ORDNANCE OPERATIONS (c.) Mission essential ordnance items present in the cargo compartment of the 5-Ton motor vehicle shall consist of limited quantities of: fuses, cartridge actuated devices (CADS), igniters, and other items necessary to complete main ordnance assembly build-up operations. NOTE:Limited quantity is defined as that amount of ordnance/ ordnance components necessary to meet the requirements of the immediate build-up evolution. (d.) The “A” Driver’s duty while occupying a position in the cargo compartment of the transport vehicle will be to ensure that the main ordnance assemblies aboard the K-4A or MHU-151/M trailer and the component ordnance items present in the cargo compartment of the 5-Ton motor vehicle are transported in a safe manner ( he/she is responsible to watch the ordnance on the trailer while in transit, and for the cargo in the compartment).
INSTRUCTIONS FOR ASSISTANT DRIVERS DURING FLIGHT-LINE AND COMBAT AIRCRAFT LOADING AREA ORDNANCE OPERATIONS (e.) The ordnance components present in the cargo compartment of the 5-Ton tactical vehicle will be secured to prevent movement in-transit (refer to NAVSEA SW023-AG-WHM-010) (f.) The ordnance components present in the cargo compartment of the tactical vehicle will be packaged in approved standard military specification containers. (g.) The “A” driver will maintain a voice communication capability with the primary driver throughout the flight-line/CALA ordnance transport evolution. WARNING Electronic communication devices will not be used!!!
INSTRUCTIONS FOR ASSISTANT DRIVERS DURING FLIGHT-LINE AND COMBAT AIRCRAFT LOADING AREA ORDNANCE OPERATIONS (h.) The “A” driver will be seated in a manner that affords maximum visibility of the trailer in tow. The “A” driver’s seat will be secured to the cargo compartment of the vehicle. (i.) Once stopped to load/offload ordnance, the motor vehicle will be moved only upon the driver’s visual observation of a clearance signal from the “A” driver. (j.) The station flight-line SOP will be amended to reflect the “A” driver authorization criteria detailed above.
HERO PROGRAM REF: NAVSEA OP 5, VOL 1 Para 2-1.10.1 NAVSEA OP 3565, VOL II, NAVSEA SWO20-AF-HBK-010, Para 2-7.4.1
HERO CLASSIFICATIONS “There are four classifications pertinent to HERO for ordnance have been established. They are HERO SAFE ORDNANCE, HERO SUSCEPTIBLE ORDNANCE, HERO UNSAFE ORDNANCE, and HERO UNRELIABLE ORDNANCE”. HERO SAFE ORDNANCE: Is any ordnance item that is sufficiently shielded, or otherwise so protected that all EED’s contained by the item are immune to adverse effects (safety or reliability) when the item is employed in its expected RF environments, provided that the general HERO requirements are observed. Percussion-initiated ordnance is exempt from HERO requirements.
HERO CLASSIFICATIONS (con't) May be transported in vehicles equipped with transceivers and portable executive telephones. The transmitting antenna must be ten feet or more from the ordnance. Walkie-talkies and handy-talkies operating at frequencies above 100 megahertz at output power of two watts or less may be operated to within five feet of HERO SAFE or HERO SUSCEPTIBLE ORDNANCE.
HERO CLASSIFICATIONS (con't) HERO SUSCEPTIBLE ORDNANCE: Is any ordnance item containing EED’s proven (by test or analysis) to be adversely affected by RF energy to the point that the SAFETY and/or RELIABILITY of the system is in jeopardy when the system is employed in expected RF environments.
HERO CLASSIFICATIONS (con't) HERO UNRELIABLE ORDNANCE: Is any ordnance item, including those having a HERO SAFE ORDNANCE or HERO SUSCEPTIBLE ORDNANCE classification, whose performance is degraded due to exposure to the RF environment, is defined as being HERO UNRELIABLE ORDNANCE when its internal wiring is physically exposed; when tests are being conducted on the item that result in additional electrical connections to the item; when EED’s having exposed wire leads are present, handled, or loaded in any but the tested condition; or when the item is being assembled or disassembled; or when ordnance items are damaged causing exposure of internal wiring.
HERO CLASSIFICATIONS (con't) HERO UNSAFE ORDNANCE: Is when internal wiring is physically exposed on any ordnance item, including those having a classification of HERO SAFE or HERO SUSCEPTIBLE ORDNANCE, to an RF environment that may cause accidental initiation or detonation, the item is defined as HERO UNSAFE ORDNANCE; when tests are being conducted on the item that result in additional electrical connections to the item; when EED’s having exposed wire leads are present, handled, or loaded in any but the test condition; when the item is being assembled or disassembled; or when such ordnance items are damaged causing exposure of internal wiring or components or destroying engineered HERO protective devices….” OP 3565, VOL II, appendix A, pg A-5.
RADIO/RADAR TRANSMISSIONS RADIO/ RADAR TRANSMISSIONS. The following requirements shall be observed with respect to radio and/or radar transmissions. Electro explosive Devices: Electro explosive devices (EED’s) such as squibs, blasting caps, igniters, and similar electrically initiated, sensitive explosive devices are particularly susceptible to initiation when they are exposed to radio frequency (RF) fields. Therefore these devices shall be packaged and kept in completely enclosed metal containers until immediately prior to use.
ACCIDENTS INVOLVING ORDNANCE In the unlikely event of an ordnance accident, all ordnance containing Electrically Initiated Devices (EID’s), even those normally classified HERO SAFE ORDNANCE, must be considered HERO UNSAFE ORDNANCE. This is because possible changes in the ordnance configuration may result in a loss or reduction of radio-frequency (RF) protective features. Should an accident occur while transporting ordnance to or from the magazine, loading/assembly areas, arm/dearm areas, or along transportation routes, HERO emergency conditions, which restrict the use of communication equipment, will be necessary.
RECOMMENDATION!!! The potential may exist that HERO SUSCEPTIBLE or HERO UNSAFE Ammunition and Explosives ARE NOT in it’s appropriate Mil Spec container, therefore could be initiated by radio communicators!!!! If packaging or HERO susceptibility is unknown, all transportation personnel should treat Ammunition and Explosives as HERO UNSAFE, and maintain a minimum of 75 feet separation between ordnance and radio communicators!!!
HERO WARNING SYMBOLS HERO Warning Symbols: “Warning symbols shall be posted at any location where radar equipment or other possible sources of electromagnetic radiation might create the potential for premature initiation of ordnance due to Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation to Ordnance….” NAVSEA OP 3565, VOL II
EXAMPLE OF A HERO WARNING SYMBOL At every entrance to The flight line, Station Weapons etc… Drivers need to be familiar with any HERO Conditions that may exist!!
HERO WARNING LABELS HERO Warning Labels: “Warning labels are to be affixed to portable and mobile radios, and are for use both on ship and shore stations….” NAVSEA OP 3565, VOL 2
EXAMPLE OF HERO STICKERS Every radio that is used aboard this Air Station should have HERO stickers attached to them!!!
SECURITY SECURITY RISK CATEGORIES (SRC) All arms, ammunition, explosives (AA&E) and related HM is categorized into four divisions of the most sensitive based upon factors such as attractiveness for theft, portability, magnitude of effect of their misuse, etc. As a general rule, arms, missiles, rockets, explosives rounds, mines, and projectiles with an unpacked weight of 100 pounds or less will be placed in a Security Risk Category. These assist in directing the application of security measures commensurate with the gravity of loss. Based on threat determination and evaluation of the movement itself, AA&E may be given additional protection, but not less than that required by the category assigned to the item. Explosives drivers shall be familiar with the Security Risk Categories, since driver responsibility varies with the degree of load security protection required. Security Risk Categories are outlined in table 2-2.