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Wall. Garban, Marines. Perez, Rogmary. Soler, Wini. Content. Page 3 Definition Wall History 5 Mesopotamia 6 Egypt 7 Ancient Greece 8 Ancient Rome 9 Medieval Age 10 Renaissance and Baroque. Content. Page 11 Modern Age 12 Types of Walls

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  1. Wall Garban, Marines Perez, Rogmary Soler, Wini

  2. Content Page 3 Definition Wall History 5 Mesopotamia 6Egypt 7AncientGreece 8 Ancient Rome 9 Medieval Age 10 Renaissance and Baroque

  3. Content Page 11 ModernAge 12 Types of Walls 14 TheWall: Architectonicalpoint of view 16 TheWall: Urbanisticpoint of view 17 Conclusion

  4. Wall Masonry rising from the floor to a height, generally taller thanpeople.Wall is used to divide rooms, to protect an area of a house or to hold a roof. 3


  6. Mesopotamia • The walls were made of fragile mud bricks, so they were thicker. To cover the walls, inhabitants of Mesopotamia used tiles that gave colorto them. • The walls were covered with colored reliefs following very simple patterns, including repetition and symmetry. 5

  7. Egypt • Materials used for wall construction were adobe and stone. • The stone for the walls was used in tombs and temples, while bricks were used in homes, even in the royal palaces, forts, of the enclosures walls to the temples and cities. • The walls were covered with hieroglyphics and carvings painted in brilliant colors. 6

  8. Ancient Greece • The walls were made by wood, unfired bricks or mortar. • Inside the house, the walls were whitewashed. • The exterior walls were fragile. 7

  9. Ancient Rome • The materials used for the walls were cement and brick. As for the brick, the Romans realized that baked brick was more resistant and therefore lasted longer. • The Romans placed fresh on the walls. 8

  10. Medieval Age • Many walls were constructed with stone for protect to medieval cities. Although, brick was a material used. • The walls were covered with mosaics, many of them made with enamel glass, cut into small pieces. 9

  11. Renaissance and Baroque • There were alternating between concave and convex walls with corrugated surfaces, which gave an impression of movement. • Amount of details on the walls, sometimes were exaggerated. • Also, in these stages were made great stone walls that withstand the strong vaults. 10

  12. Modern Age • The external walls could be made by adobe, brick, stone, wood, glass,steel and cement. • The internal walls were tending to be of brick, plaster, wood, among others. • They could be covered with fine painted plaster, wood, plastic or ceramic. 11

  13. TYPES OF WALL Standard wall (5.9 – 7.8 inches thick) Structural wall (11.8 – 15.7 inches thick) Masonrywall (3.9 – 5.9 inches thick) Retainingwall (Dependson the case) 12

  14. Openworkwall (5.9 – 7.8 inches thick) Defensivewall (dependson the case) 13

  15. The Wall: Architectonical point of view • They create and define spaces. • Indicate the difference between inside and outside. • Create privacy. • They can be built with almost any material, from stones to concrete or steel. • Since they found the way to build using inclinations or even curves, walls have served to shape the more daring designs (Guggenheim Museums in New York and Bilbao, Swiss Re Building in London, Valleacerón Chapel in Spain.) 14

  16. Guggenheim Museums in New York (left) and Bilbao (right) Swiss Re Building in London Valleacerón Chapel in Spain 15

  17. The Wall: Urbanisticpoint of view • Fortificationfordefense • Mark territory • Represent status and independence • Enclosesettlements • Delimitationforunconstructed areas • Delimitation of greenzones • Functionaldelimitation 16

  18. Conclusion Wall is a basicelement, needed in anycity and construction, it has a lot of uses, it can work as a separationorunionstructure. 17

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