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Where are we?

Where are we?

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Where are we?

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  1. Library services & database searchingMSc Advanced PhysiotherapySonya

  2. Where are we?

  3. Place and Space Silent Quiet Discuss Postgraduate Study Areas

  4. Who are we and how can we help?

  5. What do Information Specialists do? • Work with colleagues and your lecturers to make sure we have the books on your reading lists • Train and support you in finding, using and citing information • Keep subject support pages on the library website up-to-date and relevant • Attend meetings so we can hear things from your point of view and act on your suggestions

  6. What do you need to use your libraries? • Student card • PIN

  7. How can you find out what we have? Library Services web pages LIBRARY CATALOGUE EJOURNALS DATABASES

  8. Other resources Archives & Special Collections • Senate House Library • The British Library • Specialist libraries Inter-site book requests Inter-site article requests Inter-library loans Image “DCS00997” taken by JamesB. Available from Flickr under a Creative Commons licence. Downloaded 13/08/12.

  9. IT ServicesStudent computing

  10. The basics… • Computing rooms • Desktops • Campus • Global (available on and off campus) • King’s username and password • Email

  11. Printing and Photocopying How it works… • Photocopying card from dispensers in libraries (can be recharged) • Printing – no card required (online print account with initial credit allocation)

  12. e-learning • KEATS (King’s e-Learning and Teaching Service) • The Virtual Campus m-learning King’s Mobile App • maps – including nearest free pc • guides • people search • friend locator • library • News/events RSS feeds

  13. Training & Development for Postgraduates • Stack things in your favour! • Microsoft Office Specialist (MOS) certification • IT courses and Researcher Development Programme training • View and book via Skills Forge • Image ‘365/173: Building Blocks’ taken by riekhavoc. Available from Flickr under a Creative Commons licence. Downloaded 10/08/12.

  14. IT Services support and advice

  15. Other help and support from Student Services The Compass Disability Advisory Service English Language Centre KCLSU Careers Service

  16. Working with databases & using EndNote

  17. Why use EndNote? • Create a personal database of references - typed in or imported from online databases • Create correctly formatted citations and reference lists in word-processed documents • EndNote does all the hard work so you don’t have to

  18. Creating your EndNote library 1 Click on: Start menu All Programs Bibliographic EndNote EndNote program

  19. Creating your EndNote library 2 When the Program Wizard appears, click on Create a New Library and save to My Documents

  20. Creating your library 3 • To help with the formatting of your references, you can download a list of medical journal terms into your library • This includes full titles and standard abbreviations • By taking this step before you add references to your library, EndNote can pick the correct option for your chosen style

  21. Searching Medline & Web of Science

  22. Databases • Health & Medicine Medline, Embase, Cinahl, PubMed • Evidence based Cochrane library, Pedro • Citations databases Web of Science, Scopus

  23. Medline • Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online • U.S. National Library of Medicine • 5000 journal titles indexed - 13 million references • 1948 to present (including OLD Medline) • Daily updates • MeSH thesaurus – subject headings • Interfaces include Ovid and PubMed

  24. Web of Science • Produced by Thomson Reuters Scientific • Coverage from 1900 onwards • Includes the Science Citation Index (SCI) • Over 39 million records • From over 9,000 journals • Includes cited and cited by references

  25. Embase • International bibliographic database providing extensive coverage of drug and biomedical literature • European counterpart to Medline • Over eleven million references from over 5,000 international journals • Over 1,800 journal titles are unique to EMBASE • records are indexed using the EMTREE Life Science Thesaurus, allowing more precise searching • accessible via OvidSP

  26. Scopus • Produced by Elsevier • Started in 2004 • Biggest bibliographic and citation database • 33 million abstracts • From over 15,000 journals • Includes cited and cited by references • Also includes web results via SCIRUS, and patents

  27. Search strategy • Plan your search. Choose the right databases. • Create a focused question • Identify the key concepts & keywords • Identify synonyms and variant terms • Use appropriate ‘operators’ and commands • Refine your search in response to what you retrieve – relevance and number. • Harvest your results for clues and additional search terms – e.g. keywords, subject headings

  28. Subject heading searching • Standardised terms • Assigned by expert indexers (humans not machines!) • Allows exploration of associated (broader, narrower and related) terms in subject tree. • Can help your search and avoid problems inherent in free text • Can retrieve articles where the term does not occur in title or abstract

  29. Using subject headings • Not all databases provide subject headings or a thesaurus • Medline uses MeSH, EMBASE uses EMTREE etc.. • In OvidSP search usually maps to headings by default. • Remember to check ‘Scope’ notes and explore the subject tree where you can explode or focus terms. • Search in stages and then combine results using Search History functions

  30. Free text searching • Free text, keyword, or ‘natural language’ searching • The strategy used for searching the web and any database • Finds results if the words you are searching for are present in: • article title • abstract • keywords • You will find an article if you use the same terminology as the author(s)

  31. Problems with free text searching • The ambiguity of ‘natural language’ • Synonyms, homonyms etc.. • Antibiotics OR Anti-Bacterial Agents • Plant (vegetation) or Plant (processing) • Spelling, plural v. singular, abbreviations etc.. • How do you know what you are missing?

  32. Improving free text searches Identify synonyms e.g. cannabis or marijuana or Tetrahydrocannabinol Identify variant forms e.g. Ionisation or Ionization (spelling) e.g. plant or plants (plural) e.g. dose or dosage (same stem) e.g. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD (abbreviation) • Use • Truncation and wildcards • Boolean and proximity operators • Phrase searching

  33. Truncation and wildcards • Truncation and wildcards expand search to include variant terms • Truncation • e.g. pharmacol* (pharmacology, pharmacologic, pharmacological) • e.g. therap* (therapy, therapeutic) • Wildcards • e.g. ioni?ation (ionization, ionisation) • Symbols may vary in different databases. • Remember to get the stem right

  34. Boolean operators • AND, OR, NOT • Used to combine search terms • Can be used for two or more terms • Other related operators depending on database (e.g. SAME or SENT)

  35. AND • Retrieves results containing only both terms • e.g. lower back pain AND exercise • Makes search more specific • Sometimes automatic for two or more terms depending on database

  36. OR • Retrieves results containing either term • Useful for synonyms and related terms • e.g. adhesive capsulitis OR frozen shoulder • Useful for variant terms • e.g.Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation OR TENS • Makes search broader

  37. NOT • Excludes a term • e.g. manipulation NOT mobilisation • Useful when you don’t want a word present in the records you find – i.e. to get rid of irrelevant results. • Take care not to filter out results which could be relevant

  38. Example Physiotherapy - options for rehabilitation of fencing injuries • Which words and concepts should you use to formulate your search strategy? • Physiotherapy • Fencing • Injuries

  39. Physiotherapy terms Synonyms • Physical therapy • Manual therapy • Rehabilitation • Exercise • Manipulation, massage etc.. Related terms • Orthopaedic • Physical medicine etc…

  40. Fencing terms Synonyms • Escrime, Esgrima, Scherma, Fechten • Foil • Epee • Sabre • ‘Sword fighting’ Related terms • Combat sports • Martial arts

  41. Injury terms Synonyms • Musculoskeletal problem / disorder • Repetitive Strain Injury, RSI • Rotator cuff tear • Epicondylitis, Tennis Elbow • Sprain • Tendon, Ligament, Muscle

  42. Free text search query Search 1: fencing OR sabre OR foil OR epee Search 2: physiotherap* OR rehab* OR exercise* Search 3: injur* OR tendonitis OR RSI OR sprain You can also build up searches keyword by keyword and then combine later using the search history Depending on the results you may want to further focus your search, or try refine / limit options

  43. Find full text • Finding full text • Electronically as ‘e-journals’ • In print at King’s libraries • In print at other libraries (e.g. other UL colleges) • Document delivery – interlibrary loans • Look out for the SFX@King’s logo – link to full text

  44. Citing your references • Important academic skill • Give credit, avoid plagiarism • Shows you have done your research • Check what citation / referencing style to use • Use reference management software to create reference lists

  45. Questions? Sonya Lipczynska Information Specialist (Dentistry & Physiotherapy) Tel: 020 7848 6764

  46. Evaluation form