How Plant & Animal cells are alike: • A. These cells are made up of the same materials. • B. These cells all have cytoplasm, a nucleus and a cell membrane. • C. Both cells carry out basic life activities (take in food, make energy, reproduce etc .) D. They are both eukaryotic cells.
Name given to cells with NO nucleus • Prokaryotic
2. How plant & animal cells are different: • A. Plant cells have chloroplasts so they can make their own food. B. Plant cells have a cell wall to give plants shape and structure.
3. How YOU are similar to a one celled bacteria: • A. we both can take in food • B. we both release wastes • C. we both need energy • D. we both reproduce • E. we both grow, live and die F. we both are made of cells
How Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells differ: • Prokaryotic cells do NOT have a membrane around their nucleus therefore they do NOT have a nucleus. Prokaryotic cells do NOT have a membrane around their ORGANELLES, therefore they do NOT have organelles. • Eukaryotic cells DO HAVE a membrane around their nucleus, so they have a nucleus. Eukaryotic cells DO have membrane around their organelles, therefore, they do have organelles.
What is the organization of living things going from the smallest unit you are made of to the biggest level which is you! • Cells (cells working together make a. . .) • Tissue (tissues working together make a . . ) • Organ (Organs working together make a. . .) • System (Systems working together make a . . .) • Organism
What are the three parts of the cell theory? • 1. All living things are made of cells • 2. The cell is the basic unit of structure and function of all all living things. • 3. All cells come from other cells.
This man made the first compound microscope. • Janssen This man First used the term “cells” to describe the “boxes” he saw while looking at cork. • Hooke
This man studied plants and said that all plants are made of cells. • Schleiden This man studied animals and said that all animals are made of cells. Schwann
Name the man who created the first vaccine to prevent a virus! • Edward Jenner What disease did Jenner help prevent? Smallpox
In 1853-54 this man found and stated that all cells come from preexisting cells. • Virchow
Name the three men who are given credit for the Cell Theory. • Schleiden • Schwann • Virchow
This man used a glass bead as a simple lens to look at pond water. He saw little moving organisms never seen before at a magnification of 270x. • Leewhenhoek
Name the cell part that:surrounds cell and allows materials to enter or leave the cell • Cell Membrane
Name the cell part that:Makes and releases energy • Mighty mitochondria
Name the cell part that:transports information from the nucleus to other cell parts. • Endoplasmic Reticulum (E.R.)
Name the cell part that:allows plants to make food and oxygen • Chloroplasts
Name the cell part that:stores and secrets protein and other chemicals • Golgi Bodies or Golgi Apparatus
Name the cell part that:is made mostly of water and fills the cell with a jelly-like substance. • Cytoplasm
Name the cell part that:is only on plant cells and give plant cells their shape and structure. • Cell Wall
Name the cell part that:digests and gets rid of unwanted dead organelles in the cell • Lysosomes
Name the cell part that:makes proteins • ribosomes
Name cell part number 6 • Cell wall
Name cell part number 11 • MITOCHONDRIA
Name cell part number 3 • RIBOSOMES
Name cell part number 1 • CHLOROPLAST
Name cell part number 5 • VACUOLE
Name cell part number 9 • NUCLEUS OR NUCLEAR MEMBRANE
Name cell part number 2 • CELL MEMBRANE
Name cell part number 8 • CYTOPLASM
Name cell part number 4 • ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (E.R.)
Name cell part number 10 • CHROMATIN, • NUCLEOLUS • OR NUCLEUS