Strategy for upgrading Delhi’s Slums Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board
Houses Constructed • Housing is provided in Delhi in the following forms • Plotted/Group Housing : 2,75,000 (App.) -- DDA Housing : 3,76,453 • Employer’s Housing : 50,000 (App.) • Housing in Special Area and villages : 3,50,000 (App.) • Addition of Housing through existing stock : 1,25,000 (App.) • Housing for Urban Poor through unathorised /regularised colonies : 3,70,000 (App.)
Slums: Characteristics • Number of slums : 685 JJ Clusters • Population : 4,20,000 JJ Dwellers • Land owning agency wise details
THE SLUM CONDITIONS OF DELHI The slums in Delhi can be categorised in two basic categories as under: • Notified Slum Areas, i.e. areas which are notified as ‘Slum areas’, as per the provisions of the Slum Area (Improvement and Clearance) Act, 1956. • The JJ Clusters, i.e. jhuggie clusters on public lands in the form of illegal encroachments.
Un-authorised Colonies in Delhi * 103 colonies regularised in 1962 * As per 1980 survey, a new list of 607 unauthorised colonies was prepared, out of which 567 were regularised till October, 1993 * 1639 unauthorised colonies are now awaiting regularisation under the notified policy of regularisation in the year 2008.
Rehabilitation Policy The Slum & JJ Deptt of MCD (now DUSIB) had earlier been following three pronged strategy for looking after the problems associated with the existence of slums and squatter clusters. Strategy I Carrying out environment improvement of existing slums under the EIUS scheme in the slum clusters. Strategy II In-situ redevelopment on the JJ cluster sites, where the land owning agencies gave NOC for utilising their land for planned development and reallocation of plots to the inhabitants. Strategy III Resettlement of the jhuggijhopri inhabitants on a newly developed site, in the form of allocating either a plot of 18/12.5 sqm. or by providing a built up tenement of 25-40 sqm. covered area.
Growth Potential • National Capital • Distribution hub e.g fruit and vegetables • Indian Labour report 2010 • McKinsey Study 2010
Magnitude of Problem 685 JJ Clusters * 4.20 LakhsJhuggies Household * About 21 Lakhs persons are living in these JJ Clusters * Approx. Area under encroachment in JJ Clusters : 700 Ha * Requirement of Land Considering density of 500 D.U/Ha. : 840 Ha. * Funds Requirement @ Rs. 6.00 Lacs /unit : Rs. 25,000 crores • Acquisition Cost of Land @ Rs.75 lacs/Acre (assuming 500 hectInsitu) : : Rs. 650 crores
Status of JNNURM Projects in hand • Allotment of Flats to eligible Jhuggie Dwellers till date : 85 Families at Bawana
Government Intervention • 46 clusters identified for relocation (15000 Jhuggies) • Beneficiary identification • Cut off date changed from 2002 to 2007 • 40 % JJ dwellers found eligible • 60% population may be in-eligible due to following reasons (??) - Seasonal migration - Lack of Ration Card/ Voter I- card - Frequent change of residence - Change in Employment opportunities
Creation of Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board The Delhi Govt. vide Delhi Gazette Notification dated 01.7.2010 has created the Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board under the Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board Act, 2010. Creation of Housing stock for the poor sections of the society and for the implementation of provisions of Slum Areas (Improvement & Clearance) Act, 1956”. Envision for improvement of the living conditions of the slum dwellers, including the JJ clusters (jhuggiejhopribasties), in order to make Delhi a ‘Slum Free City’.
DUSIB Act • Removal and resettlement of JJ clusters : As per Section 10 of DUSIB Act, the Board shall have the power to prepare a scheme for the removal of any jhuggijhopribasti and for resettlement of the residents • Improvement of JhuggieBasti: As per Section 11, the Board may prepare a scheme for the improvement of any jhuggijhopribasti which may include provision of toilets and bathing facilities, improvement of drainage, provision of water supply, street paving, and provision of dustbins, or sites for garbage collection, street lighting, or any of them, or provision of any like facilities.
DUSIB Act • Redevelopment of JhuggieJhopriBasti: As per Section 12, the Board may, with the consent of the owner of the land on which the jhuggijhopribasti is situated, work out schemes for collective community rehabilitation, relocation or insituupgradationand involve private sector/slum cooperatives for redevelopment of the bastiwith a view to bringing about environmental improvement and improvement in the living conditions of the residents facilities. • Community Participation: As per Section 13 of the Act, the Board may constitute a BastiVikasSamiti for any jhuggijhopribasti to assist and advise the Board on all matters relating to the activities of the Board in respect of such basti or bastis.
Action Plan for Slum Free City Planning • Setting up of State and city level Technical Cells • Conduct of slum surveys in the city for web enabled slum MIS • Entry of Slum survey data into slum MIS • Development of city based map and slum maps using GIS • Preparation of slum redevelopment/ rehabilitation plans; zonal plans and city level Slum Free plan of Action
Rajiv AwasYojna Challenges Ahead • Benchmark for providing facilities to Slums • Scarcity of Planned Land • Financing Pattern • Multiplicity of Authorities
Rajiv AwasYojna Challenges Ahead • Need for creation of Authority for Single Window clearance of Projects for their speedier implementation • Public Private Participation • Community Participation
Important Landmarks Existing Bus stops IMPORTANT LANDUSES & LANDMARKS Existing Schools Road Networks Existing hospitals JAIPUR GOLDEN HOSPITAL SANJAY GANDHI MEMORIAL HOSPITAL Nangloi Drain Budha Vihar Marg Dr. K.B. Hegdewa Marg 500m Walking Radius Existing Planned area 850 m to Industrial Area Phase -I MANGOLPURI 650m to Industrial area Phase - II Mangolpuri Industrial Area Phase – II Mangolpuri Industrial Area Phase - II Outer Ring Road 2.0km to Peera Garhi metro Station Railway Line Udyog Nagar SLUM REDEVELOPMENT FOR MANGOLPURI F & G BLOCK Source : Google Earth , DSSDI
Street network around the site BLOCK G 30 m Road Other’s Property 18 m Road 7m Road Arterial road Collector Roads BLOCK F Existing pedestrian Network
SLUM REDEVELOPMENT FOR MANGOLPURI F & G BLOCK • MIXED LANDUSE • G+4WALK-UP APARTMENTS with 15-story MIG/ HIG Towers • COMMERCIAL Concentrated on Outer Ring Road
Govt. Role and Challenges: • NOC from Land Owning Agency required to allow the people to stay on the land. • Subsequently, Land tenure may be provided to people on a leasehold basis, at the prevalent cost. • People may pay for the land cost through community savings or long-term loans.
Govt. Role and Challenges: • Govt. to enable Finance through NGOs and micro-finance institutions as no Banks are coming forward for providing loans • Govt. to work closely with local NGOs to facilitate and encourage the formation of local CBOs for future sustainability, sense of ownership and belonging. • Govt. to provide basic services, infrastructure and social amenities. As much as possible, all infrastructure should involve participation from the local community in construction and maintenance.