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Agriculture Maharashtra. Agro-climatic zones of Maharashtra. Land Utilisation Pattern. Area fig. in “00’ ha. KHANDESH. VIDARBHA. MARATHWADA. Area (Lakh Ha.) Normal Kharif Rabi 5.12 0.32 20.21 3.22 20.53 25.03 40.23 20.56 48.89 7.15 134.98 56.28.
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Land Utilisation Pattern Area fig. in “00’ ha.
KHANDESH VIDARBHA MARATHWADA Area (Lakh Ha.) Normal Kharif Rabi 5.12 0.32 20.21 3.22 20.53 25.03 40.23 20.56 48.89 7.15 134.98 56.28 KONKAN WESTERN MAHARASHTRA
KHANDESH VIDARBHA MARATHWADA KONKAN WESTERN MAHARASHTRA
Drought Prone Areas Drought Prone Areas • Coastal Line - Sub humid climate • Other part - Dry climate
Infrastructure • Villages (40412)connected by • All weather roads - 38483, • Fair weather roads - 1397 • APMCs - 294 • Cotton Ginning Units - 459 • Ginning & pressing Units - 405 • Primary Agril. Societies - 21000 (Members- 120 lakh) • Agricultural Universities - 4 • Agricultural colleges - 88 ( 25 Govt. & 61 Pvt., 2 aided) • Centers for capacity Building – • State agril. Extension Management Training Institute –SAMETI, Nagpur • Regional Agril. Extension Management Training Institute– RAMETI (7)
Agriculture Infrastructure • Six National Research Centres • Cotton, Orange, Pomegranate, Grape, Onion & Soil Survey • Post Harvest Training Centre at Talegaon, Dist-Pune, One of its kind in Country • Crop based organisations – MAHA GRAPE, MAHA MANGO, MAHA BANANA, MAHAGRAPE, Pomegranate, Floriculture association, Orange • Soil Testing Labs – 118(29 Public , 89 Private) • Residue Testing Labs – 2 Bio- control lab - 10 • Fertiliser testing labs - 5 Pesticide Testing Labs- 4 • Seed Testing Labs - 3 • Agro polyclinic - 231 • Taluka Seed Farm - 194 • Horticulture nurseries - 1373
IRRIGATION STATUS OF MAHARASHTRA National Average – 41.90 % Surface Irrigation Flow - 17.33 lakh Ha. Wells - 20.77 lakh Ha. Total - 38.10 lakh Ha. Percentage- 16.89 % Well Irrigation
WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT Bringing Stability in Rainfed Agriculture • Total geographical area 307 lakh Ha. • Area available for S&WC treatment 241 lakh Ha. • Area Treated so far 110 lakh Ha. • Balance Area 131 lakh Ha • Area to be treated in XIth plan 50 lakh Ha. • Total no. of micro watershed - 44185 • Micro Watershed started no. - 27573 • Micro Watershed Completed no- 10900 • Ongoing micro watersheds no - 16673 12
Organic Farming Area under Organic cultivation -------- 6.50 Lakh Ha. Area Registered for Certification ----- 1.14 Lakh Ha. Certified ----------------------------- 0.42 lakh Ha. Under conversion ------------ 0.72 lakh Ha. Total Vermicompost units ---------- 1.26 lakh Total Biodynamic compost depot ---- 2.02 lakh Identified Service Provider ----------- 91 N.G.O. Developed Model Organic Farm ----- 37 farms Major Crops ------ Cotton, Cereals, Fruits & Vegetables etc.
Maharashtra’s Response to AgricultureHistorical Perspective • First State to adopt Dry Land Farming Technology. • Pioneer in Horticulture Development through EGS to promotehigher income & more employment in farming sector • State Seed Corporation – First farmers company in seed sector • Pioneers in Co-operative network • Sugar factories, Dairies,Water user association. • Corporate Horticulture Company • Four State Agricultural Universities • Very effective & Research based Farmers Organisations
Major Emerging Concerns • Un-viable farming • Lack of diverification in Crops & Other activities in Vidarbha & Marathwada • Land locked areas in Marathwada & Vidarbha • Lack of infrastructures, markets, roads, railway rake points, airport • Infrastructural Bottle necks • Roads, Market facility, irrigation, Tribal area • Input dissemination , poor credit, Bank facility
During 2007-08 due to satisfactory and well distributed rainfall resulted into highest production
Strategy • Bridging Yield Gaps • Increasing & improvement in irrigation • improving irrigation, coverage of watershed, Massive Farm pond programme & drip irrigation • Improvement in Market Infrastructure • collaboration with the external agencies • Improvement in Communication • Roads, ICT & Strengthening the enter relationship by convergence • Empowering Farmer through • Market & Price discovery • Training in skills to earn higher income • Preparing for exploiting global opportunities in fruits & vegetables • While emphasizin dual approach increase in farmers income food security, will be given equal impotiance.
Bridging The Yield Gaps National 2001 2082 782 803 687 980 273 64.47MT Average
Strategy • Bridging Yield Gaps through • Supply of Quality input supply • Effective extension • Improving agriculture Research & extension interaction • Promoting FFS by emphasizing skill transfer to staff as well as farmers • Emphasizing Soil Health Programme • Diversified farming which includes Horticulture, Dairy & Animal Husbandry and Watershed infrastructure
Empowering socially unprivileged farmers (S.C. & S.T. ) State ‘s initiatives for the poverty alleviation of S.C. & S.T. farmers Implementation of Special Component Plan for S.C. & Tribal Sub Plan for S.T. • Item S.C. S.T. • A) 10th five year plan • 1) Beneficiaries 0.59 lakh 0.18 lakh • Covered (no’s.) • Expenditure incurred (Rs. In crores) 182.23 52.32 • B)11th five year plan • preceding two years • 1) Beneficiaries 0.38 lakh 0.14 lakh • Covered (no’s.) • 2) Expenditure incurred (Rs. In crores) 158.28 38.94 • Proposed programme for next three years • 1) Beneficiaries to be 0.79 lakh 0.16 lakh • Covered (no’s.) • 2) Outlay proposed (Rs. In crores) 286.14 81.00
Empowering socially unprivileged farmers (S.C. & S.T. ) • SC & ST farmers should be trained in Modern Farming, agri business, Dairy Horticulture etc. • Priority in Land development, Farm ponds & mechanisation • At least one youth from each family will trained in Horticulture, dairy & other avenues like dairy, poultry, sericulture, bee-keeping, Medicinal plants to generate income and employment. • This will be done through training of this youth through the RAMETI & SAMETI
Konkan Paddy- Increase area under Hy. Rice, Use of Urea DAP briquettes , Popularising “Chatu-Sutri”-Four point paddy production technology Cashewnut - Area expansion , Productivity enhancement , Promotion of organic cashew Mango - Area expansion under Alphonso , Post harvest management including better transportation of mango, Adoption of GAP Construction of Konkan Jalkund, Check dams, Diversion Bundhara Western Maharashtra & Khandesh Sugarcane - increase productivity & release area for foodgrains and soybean Soybean – increase area & productivity Grapes& Banana – major stress on export Pomegranate - area expansion in DPAP blocks Floriculture & high value vegetables- cultivation under controlled conditions Promote organic fruits & vegetables More emphasis on ICM & IPM for horticultural crops like Pomegranate, Grapes Promote floriculture & Cold chain Region based Crop strategies
Marathwada Cotton - Increase the yield & promote Clean & quality cotton Maize - Increase the area for cattle feed & industrial use Oilseeds & pulses - Bridge the yield gaps Promote the cultivation of sweet oranges, mangoes & banana Kharif sorghum - Promote industrial use Discourage the cultivation of sugarcane and divert the area under soybean & gram Promote protective irrigation through the farm ponds, dug wells and other water harvesting structures Region based Crop strategies
VIDARBHA Paddy- SRI method for increasing productivity Soybean- increase the area & productivity Cotton- promoting Clean & quality cotton through contract farming, reduction in cost of cultivation through INM & IPM Organic cotton & mandarin promotion campaign Pulses – promoting as intercrop in soybean and cotton Mandarin Orange – improving the quality & productivity through improved packages of cultivation and quality planting material Promoting PHM of mandarin orange through better packing , transportation & preservation Promoting Public Private partnership to develop clusters of pulses, vegetables, flowers & fruits for the ultimate market in the urban areas Water harvesting through farm ponds, dug wells, check dams, malgujari tanks & bodis Region based Crop Strategies
Mechanization in Agriculture Promoting small planters and harvesters in paddy & sugarcane Promoting mechanization for Orchards Management Promoting custom hiring facility for farmers through State Farms. Promoting grading & processing facility for soyabean Dal Mills Sugarcane Rotavators Harvesters in Wheat and soyabean
Seed Infrastructure Facilities • MSSCL & NSC is major public sector organisation in seed production and distribution • 156 Private seed producers • Private & Public sector produces 18 lakh qtls. seed • 150 Seed processing Plants • Average Capacity – 400 qtls/day • 4 SAUS are engaged in Breeder & Foundation seed production. • Director, Seed Certification – agency for Seed certification
Strengthening of Seed Infra-structure Facilities Proposal.(For MSSCL, Akola)
Seed Village Scheme Plan Name of Implementing Agency.- MSSCL, Akola. No. Of Villages - 3000 Expected Farmers - 150000 Area of Seed Production - 30000 Ha. (0.50 Acres per farmer) Total Seed requirement In qtls. - 18825 A) 50% Cost of Seed - 3.23Crore B) Training of Farmers -4.50 Crore. C) Storage Bins (25% Subsidy - 3.75 Crores Total Funds required - 11.48 Crore.
Natural Resource Management Watershed Development Plan(11th FYP ) • Target for the 11th FYP - 50 Lakh Ha. • Area to be developed every year - 10 Lakh Ha. • 3. Area developed during last 2 years - 16 Lakh Ha. • 3. Area to be developed in next 3 years - 34 Lakh Ha. • 4. Amount required - 3400 Crs.
Incentivising In-situ Moisture Conservation • Treatments Proposed • Contour cultivation, • Strip cropping, Inter cropping, mix cropping • compartment bunding, • opening of furrow in standing crop, opening of dead furrow, ridges & tide furrow • Mulching • Award to Gram panchayat • State level-I/II/III - Rs. 10/5/3.00 lakh • Regional level -I/II - Rs. 2.50/ 2.00 lakh • District level -I/II – Rs 1.50/ 1.00 lakh
Maharashtra Agriculture Productivity ImprovementCampaign MAHAPIC • Krishi Vigyan Mandal , Farmer Field Scools • Soil health improvement project Soil Health Cards ( 3.5 lakh), organic matter recycling • Efficient use of Water In-situ moisture conservation, micro irrigation ( 5.51 lakh ha.) • Crop Planning according to agro climatic conditions Selection of crops suitable to available soil & climate • Increasing Seed Replacement rate Seed Village Programme ( 5 lakh Qtls) • To increase fertilizer use efficiency Soil testing,Efficiency of Inputs to be used, use of urea briquettes, Ensuring the availability of best inputs . • Plant Protection Integrated Pest Management -cost reduction method
Seed Village Programme • For insuring quality seed availability, • During 2008-09. • Seed production programme organised on - 39,663 ha. • Producing 5,77,500 quintals seed, On farmers fields
Soil Health Cards • Massive programme for distribution of soil analysis including micro nutrients & distribution of Soil Health Cards • A massive drive of testing 2,20,000 soil samples ( 5 from each village) are taken during 2008-09 . • Help to generate fertility index maps for all the villages . • This maps in turn will enable us to bring qualitative improvement in nutrient management.
ToF & FFS to Promote IPM Since begining * No. of ToF Held - 80, * Total facilitators – 2374 Farmers Trained – 9.37 lakh Plan
Krishi Dindi An Integrated Extension initiative..
Concept Integrated and Aggressive Extension campaign. Creating awareness among farmers about new farmingTechnologies. Active peoples participation. Awareness about Government schemes and initiatives. Disseminating knowledge and techniques… Soil health. Package of practices of Crops. I.P.M. I.N.M. Improved Agriculture Implements. Organic Farming. Micro Irrigation. Post Harvest Management. Watershed Development.
Salient Features The theme conceptualized and planned at State level involving Field officers. Duration - 1st may 2009 to 31st May 2009. Pre planned route covering Revenue Circle Villages/important Market places of districts. Covering Two villages per day. Five extension personnel from each district identified and trained at Pune and Amravati for delivering technology. Participation of line department like Animal Husbandry, Dairy, Fisheries, , co-opersation, Seri culture, Irrigation etc Major components Krishi Dindi Rath/ Chariot Mobile Agriculture Exhibition. Method demonstrations. Audio & Video shows. Technological power point presentations. Work shops. Interactions with progressive farmers.
Rashtriy Krushi Vikas Yojana Status of Formulation of Comprehensive District Agriculture Plan • Total district -33 • C-DAP completed -18 dist. • C-Dap Incomplete -15 dist • C-DAP’s will be completed by end of May 2009
Rashtriy Krushi Vikas Yojana Grants Received and expenditure by the end of April 2009 • 2007-08 fund received = Rs.128.20 crores • 2008-09 fund received = Rs.261.77 crores • Total Amount Received from GOI= Rs.389.97 cores • Total Fund utilized at the end of May 09 = Rs. 186.00 crore(48%) • Total Project sanctioned by SLSC = Rs. 460.76 crore
Progress of Projects Rs.In Crore
Convergence of farm ponds with Various Schemes • Pump sets will be supplied to the beneficiaries /group of beneficiaries from various schemes viz. NFSM • Sprinkler sets will be supplied from various schemes and sets supplied earlier will also be used for protective irrigation. • Cotton demonstrations will be arranged on farm ponds.