Overfishing By: Plum, Saya, Matt, Meth, Mitsuki
The Result of Overfishing in Sundaland • In the Gulf of Thailand, the fish population plummeted by up to 86% over the period of 30 years from 1961 to 1991. • Catch rate per hour also dropped more than sevenfold from 1966 to 1994
Factors Contributing to Overfishing • Fishing is a growing business • Fishermen try to catch as many fish as possible • Economic/Financial pressure • Illegal fishing is always one step ahead of officials
Negative Effects of Overfishing • Fish species struggle to repopulate • Size of fish population reduced • Reefs usually get entangled with fishing nets • Coral reefs threatened • Coral reef-dependent marine species endangered
Negative Impact on the Human Population • Fish catching rate reduced • Starvation for seafood-dependent humans • Famine may occur
A Possible Solution to Overfishing • Request cooperation of the three governments (Thai, Malaysian and Indonesian) to pass and enforce laws to prevent illegal fishers from continuing to deplete the marine resources of Sundaland • Promote a joint operation between the armed forces of the three countries, to patrol the waters of Sundaland and arrest the illegal fishers • Make an appeal to the government to pass laws that would severely punish the illegal fishers
Bibliography • Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission. "Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission - Publication downloads." Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission - Making sense of fisheries. 20 May 2009 <http://www.apfic.org/modules/wfdownloads/singlefile.php?cid=44&lid=186>. • Earthdrive. "Fish vanishing from Southeast Asia : Marine and Ocean Conservation News from Earthdive." Scuba diving for marine conservation. 20 May 2009 <http://www.earthdive.com/site/news/newsdetail.asp?id=2330>. • Environmental Expert. "Overfishing in the Gulf of Thailand: policy challenges and bioeconomic analysis - Science & Articles." This page has been moved, you will be redirected to the new URL in one second. 20 May 2009 <http://water.environmental-expert.com/resultEachArticle.aspx?cid=5253&codi=14342&idproducttype=6&level=0&>. • FAO. "Overfishing on the increase in Asia-Pacific seas." FAO: FAO Home. 20 May 2009 <http://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2004/49367/index.html>. • People and Planets. "Peopleandplanet.net coasts and oceans newsfile southeast asia reefs are under greater threat." Peopleandplanet.net population and environment issues. 20 May 2009 <http://www.peopleandplanet.net/doc.php?id=1452>. • Port of Entry. "Thailand: Greenpeace educates tuna industry on how to make more money." Environmental Business and Green Economy: Port of Entry. 20 May 2009 <http://www.portofentry.com/site/root/resources/industry_news/6325.html>. • UNEP. "Challenges to International Waters - Regional Assessments in a Global Perspective, Overfishing and other threats to aquatic liv." Google. 20 May 2009 <http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:ftmt-IYA4JcJ:www.unep.org/dewa/giwa/publications/finalreport/overfishing.pdf+overfishing+southeast+asia&cd=21&hl=en&ct=clnk&client=firefox-a>. • Wild Singapore. "Overfishing: Fish-head curry a rare dish in 10 years?" Wildsingapore homepage. 20 May 2009 <http://www.wildsingapore.com/news/20071112/071108-3.htm>. • WWF. "WWF - Environmental problems in Thailand." WWF - WWF ประเทศไทย. 20 May 2009 <http://www.wwf.or.th/who_we_are/wwf_offices/thailand/environmental_problems__in_thailand/>.