Shavuot (Pentecost) IS THE CONCLUSION ( ATZERET ) OF PASSOVER Shavuot is a joyful celebration of Israel’s grain harvest and is the second of the three major festivals at which every male Israelite was obligated to “appear before the LORD”. The biblical injunction of Exodus 23:22 says: “And you shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot) that is the first fruits of the wheat harvest… “
Various names associated with Shavuot • The Festival of Weeks • Pentecost (Greek word) • The Festival of Harvest (wheat) • The Festival of First fruits • The First Fruits of the wheat (Bikkurei Ketzir Chittim) • The Day of Assembly (Yom HaK'hal) Hag HaAtzeret (Atzeret shel Pesach) • Season of the Giving of Torah ( Zaman Mattan Torateinu)
The counting of the omer serves as a chain that links Passover to Shavuot. • Vayikra 23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Shabbat, from the day that ye brought the omer of the wave offering; seven Shabbatot shall be complete:
AN OMER IS A TENTH OF AN EPHAH Exodus 16:36 Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.An Ephaha dry measure of quantity, equal to 3 seahs, 10 omers; the same as the liquid measure bath; (about 9 imperial gallons (40 liters), rabbinical writings give sizes of one-half this amount)A SHEAF REPRESENTS PEOPLE - Genesis 37:5; Genesis 37:7 represent a person or a group of people אפה/ איפה
The journey from leaving Egypt (Mitzrayim)[a type of the world and world system] consists of a time of preparation (counting the Omer) to meet with the God of Israel at Mount SinaiCOUNTING THE OMER REPRESENTS GROWING IN SPIRITUAL MATURITY - as believers Ephesians 4:14; Ephesians 4:15
The spiritual journey consists of: THE OMER WAS THRESHED (BEATEN) WHICH REPRESENTS HUMILITY Isaiah 41:14; Isaiah 41:15 MOUNT SINAI REPRESENTS HUMILITY THE HUMBLE WILL BE EXALTED Isaiah 57:15; Matthew 18:4, Matthew 23:12; Philippians 2:8; James 4:10; 1 Peter 5:6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you in due time: THE OMER WAS PARCHED IN FIRE –
FIRE REPRESENTS JUDGEMENT - Genesis 19:24; Exodus 9:23 Jeremiah 52:13, Revelation 20:10 REFINEMENT AND PURIFICATION Psalm 12:6; Zechariah 13:9, Malachi 3:3 THE TRIALS OF OUR FAITH 1 Peter 1:7, James 1:2 James 1:3, James 1:12
THE OMER WAS TOSSED IN THE WIND REPRESENTS EVERY KIND OF DOCTRINE – Ephesians 4:8; Ephesians 4:11; Ephesians 4:13; Ephesians 4:14 THE OMER WAS GROUND INTO FINE FLOUR REPRESENTS REFINEMENT, PURIFICATION AND BEING MADE WHITE (RIGHTEOUS) Isaiah 48:10; Daniel 12:10; Revelation 3:5
13 SIEVES MEANS UNITY OR ONENESS – the word Echad has the Gematria 1 8 4 = 13; ISRAEL CAMPED = UNITY Exodus 19:2; ACTS 2 = UNITY = ONE ACCORD Acts 2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
Shavuot does not have a fixed calendar date in the Bible, but rather falls on the day after the completion of the Omer count that is, the fiftieth day after the Omer offering is brought..
Themes of Shavuot: A new revelation of God’s will (Lev 23:15-16, 21) The giving of the Ten Words or the Torah. Torah = God’s instruction or teaching to us to understand Him better; not Law; never intended, nor should it ever be understood by non-Jewish people to mean a code of do’s and don’ts. The Torah was given by God in the third month of the biblical religious calendar, which is the month of Sivan. This day is exactly 50 days from the crossing of the Red Sea (Yam Suf)read the Ten words. Go Power point. The giving of the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) by God. Yeshua resurrected on Feast of first fruits (Bikkurim) . Fifty days later the Ruach HaKodesh came to dwell in the hearts and lives of all believers in Yeshua. Comparison of Torah Covenant and Brit Hadashah Go to Exodus 19 Shavuot as a Marriage: Go to Exodus 19