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1820-1860 Review

1820-1860 Review

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1820-1860 Review

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  1. 1820-1860 Review

  2. What were the 3 parts of the Missouri Compromise?

  3. Missouri became a slave state • Maine became a free state • Louisiana Territory was divided at the 36 degree, 30 minute parallel; north of the line must be free territory; south of the line could be slave territory

  4. What were the key points of the Compromise of 1850?

  5. California became a free state • Stronger fugitiveslavelaw • Abolished the slave trade, but not slavery itself, in the District of Columbia • Created the Utah and New Mexico territories without mentioning slavery

  6. What was popular sovereignty? • The people of a territory would decide whether they wanted slavery

  7. Identify the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

  8. Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska • Said popularsovereignty would decide slavery in both Kansas and Nebraska • Since both Kansas and Nebraska were north of the Missouri Compromise line, the Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise

  9. What effect did the Kansas-Nebraska Act have on the Missouri Compromise? • The Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise.

  10. What political party was formed in opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Act? • The Republican Party

  11. What broke out in the Kansas Territory? • Civil war between pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers

  12. What adjective was used to describe Kansas in the mid-1850s? • Bleeding Kansas

  13. What was the Supreme Court’s decision in the Dred Scott case?

  14. Since Dred Scott was a slave, he could not sue in federal court • African-Americans were not citizens of the United States • Since Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in the territories, the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional

  15. What did the Dred Scott decision say about the Missouri Compromise? • The Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.

  16. What power did the Supreme Court use in Dred Scott v. Sandford? • The power of judicial review

  17. In Dred Scott v. Sandford did the Supreme Court rule that Scott should remain a slave or gain his freedom? • Remain a slave

  18. Which section liked the Dred Scott decision, the North or the South? • The South

  19. Which group(s) liked the Dred Scott decision? • Abolitionists? • Republicans? • Slaves? • Slaveholders?

  20. Slaveholders