Missouri became a slave state • Maine became a free state • Louisiana Territory was divided at the 36 degree, 30 minute parallel; north of the line must be free territory; south of the line could be slave territory
California became a free state • Stronger fugitiveslavelaw • Abolished the slave trade, but not slavery itself, in the District of Columbia • Created the Utah and New Mexico territories without mentioning slavery
What was popular sovereignty? • The people of a territory would decide whether they wanted slavery
Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska • Said popularsovereignty would decide slavery in both Kansas and Nebraska • Since both Kansas and Nebraska were north of the Missouri Compromise line, the Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise
What effect did the Kansas-Nebraska Act have on the Missouri Compromise? • The Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise.
What political party was formed in opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Act? • The Republican Party
What broke out in the Kansas Territory? • Civil war between pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers
What adjective was used to describe Kansas in the mid-1850s? • Bleeding Kansas
Since Dred Scott was a slave, he could not sue in federal court • African-Americans were not citizens of the United States • Since Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in the territories, the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional
What did the Dred Scott decision say about the Missouri Compromise? • The Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.
What power did the Supreme Court use in Dred Scott v. Sandford? • The power of judicial review
In Dred Scott v. Sandford did the Supreme Court rule that Scott should remain a slave or gain his freedom? • Remain a slave
Which section liked the Dred Scott decision, the North or the South? • The South
Which group(s) liked the Dred Scott decision? • Abolitionists? • Republicans? • Slaves? • Slaveholders?