The Judgment Seat of Christ Romans 14:10-12
Romans 14 deals with the differences in the way Christian live their lives Gray Area Choices
The Question Is: How should the reality that I will appear before God to be judged impact the way I live my life?
Someone may ask: If the eternal destination of everyone is set when a person dies—what is the point of the judgment?
Biblical Fact • Final judgment is NOT to determine who is going to heaven and who is going to hell.
Reason #1 • The purpose of God’s judgment is to display His Sovereignty, Justice, Grace, and glorious plan of redemption through His Son Jesus Christ to the entire world.
Romans 14:10 Why does God have to judge us? • But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? • for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.
As the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe, why can’t everyone just get mercy?
God’s Character Because God is holy—He must judge all that is unholy or He would no longer be holy.
We could say Judgment is a necessary expression of God’s own character. Is the same true for you?
but as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation [conduct]; Application Does this holiness impact what you judge to be acceptable?
Universal Absolute Truth No one is exempt from appearing before The Sovereign One for judgment.
Romans 14:10 bēma • But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? • for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.
Greek: Bēma The “judgment seat” was the tribunal bench in the Roman courtroom, where the governor sat while rendering judicial verdicts.
Usage Bēmaisn’t always a good judgment: • Pilate sentences Jesus from bēma (Mt & Jn) • Herod sits on a bēma (Acts 12) • Sosthenes is beat at a bēma (Acts 18) • Caesar sits on a bēma (Acts 25) • Christ judges from bēma (2 Cor 5)
Hebrews 9:27 Christians and unbelievers are both judged. • And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:
Absolute Truth The gospel that made you righteous in Christ does NOT eliminate accountability for the way you live your life.
Romans 14:10b & 12 Jesus Promised • for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. • So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.
Matthew 16:27 Reason Number 2 • For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels: and then he shall reward every man according to his works.
Reason # 2 • The next reason why we must all appear before the Judgment Seat of Christ is to reveal the degree of rewardor the degree of punishmenteach of us will receive. • See • 2 Corinthians 5:10
2 Corinthians 5:10 Why? Bad = Evil (x40) • For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; • that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.
Biblical Fact God judges in proportion to what truth He has revealed to you (Mt. 11:24).
Luke 12:48 • But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes. • For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
Q: What will be judged? Every person’s deeds, words, and thoughts, will be judged whether good or evil.
The Judgment Seat of Christ 1 Corinthians 3:1-3 & 12-15
Matthew 12:36 • But I say unto you, That every idle [careless] word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.
False Perception • Christians are mistaken to think they can sin, confess that sin, and then never have a worry about giving an account for it again at the judgment.
Luke 12:1-2 • In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. • For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known.
But SOMEONE says: Doesn’t the Bible teach that God forgets my sins when I confess them?
Hebrews 8:12 and 10:17 • For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. • and their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.
Max Lucado writes: • Then I remembered. I remember his words. “And I will remember their sins no more.” • Wow! Now that is a remarkable promise. • God doesn’t just forgive, he forgets. He erases the board. He destroys the evidence. He burns the micro-film. He clears the computer. He doesn’t remember my mistakes.
Question Is Max Lucado right? Is that what the author of Hebrews meant?
Answer No. Lucado is wrong. In Ps. 51, David confesses his sin with Bathsheba—but according to Lucado God doesn’t know what is in His own Word.
Hosea 8:13 Does this mean He forgets something? • They sacrifice flesh for the sacrifices of mine offerings, and eat it; But the Lordaccepteth them not; • Now will he remember their iniquity, and visit their sins: They shall return to Egypt.
Remember Defined • 11. To bear in mind with intent to reward or punish. 3 John 10. Jer. 31. Noah Webster 1828
Romans 8:1 Sin is forgiven! But accountability is not lost. • There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Reason # 3 or • At each judgment, Christ assigns people a place to spend eternity either: • The New Heaven and New Earth • Lake of Fire
One Example • At the judgment of the Sheep and Goats • Sheep hear • “Come ye blessed of my Father inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the Word.” • Goats hear • “Depart from me ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.”
Summary • Sheep will give an account and may or may not receive reward but will not be condemned. • Goats will bow the knee, give an account, learn of the degree of punishment they will receive, and be sent to hell.