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Use these safety moments as you see fit.

Use these safety moments as you see fit.

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Use these safety moments as you see fit.

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  1. Safety Moment Collectionof the Joint Safety Team at the University of Minnesota, Department of Chemistry and Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science.
  2. Use these safety moments as you see fit.

    Feel free to adapt a safety moment to meet the specific needs and time constraints of an audience or occasion; this may mean using only a portion of the prepared slides for a topic or including additional resources for an in-depth discussion.
  3. Have a safety moment?Contribute it to this collection.

    Send safety moments to jst@umn.edu with Safety Moment <topic> in the subject line.  Please put content in the provided template and cite reliable, credited sources.    Thank you!
  4. Non-PPE Controls

  5. Hierarchy of Controls

    More than PPE
  6. Eliminate/Minimize Hazards *Using PPE as a primary hazard control is a poor safety practice. http://www.jst.umn.edu/SOP%20resources.html
  7. How to Eliminate/Minimize Hazards How can you eliminate or minimize the identified risks? Standard methods include: 1. Substitution - Use a less hazardous reagent in place of a hazardous one 2. Administrative Control - Modify your procedure or reaction scheme to minimize the risk the hazardous step 3. Personal Protective Equipment*– Use appropriate PPE *A last resort when other methods fail. Using PPE as a primary hazard control is considered a poor safety practice. http://science.widener.edu/svb/olcc_safety/papers/benedict.pdf
  8. Engineering Controls

    Redesigning workplaces to reduce hazards
  9. Control Systems * Multiple layers to hazard reduction http://www.jst.umn.edu/SOP%20resources.html l
  10. Engineering Controls Include designs or modifications to laboratories, equipment, ventilation systems, and processes that reduce exposure -CCOHS Emergencyoverride buttons Fume hood Blast shield blink.ucsd.edu Workspace design www.labscape.com www.scrippscollege.edu www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/hazard_control.html www.controleurope.com
  11. Chemical SubstitutionsTo eliminate / minimize hazards

    Common Substitutions and Evaluating a Potential Substitution
  12. Common Chemical Substitutions Chemical Substitution. Health Canada, Environmental and Workplace Health. Accessed 8 Jan 2014. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/occup-travail/whmis-simdut/substitution-eng.php Stroud, L.M. Substitution of a more hazardous chemical by a less hazardous chemical. Science and Safety Consulting Services. Accessed 8 Jan 2014 www.sciencesafetyconsulting.com/pdf/chemical_substitutions.pdf
  13. Considering a Potential Substitute Substitution of Chemicals – Considerations for Selection. Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. Updated 1 March 2009. Accessed 8 Jan 2013. http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/chemicals/substitution.html
  14. More Resources Transitioning to Safer Chemicals. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Accessed 8 Jan 2014, https://www.osha.gov/dsg/safer_chemicals/basics.html IC2 Safer Alternative Assessments. Accessed 8 Jan 2014, http://www.ic2saferalternatives.org/ Chemical Substitution. Health Canada, Environmental and Workplace Health. Accessed 8 Jan 2014, http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/occup-travail/whmis-simdut/substitution-eng.php Stroud, L.M. Substitution of a more hazardous chemical by a less hazardous chemical. Science and Safety Consulting Services. Accessed 8 Jan 2014, www.sciencesafetyconsulting.com/pdf/chemical_substitutions.pdf
  15. Administrative Controls

    Laboratory policies to minimize hazards
  16. Administrative Controls Written operating procedures (SOPs) Training requirements Before working in the lab / General Specific chemicals or procedures Lab policies and practices Working alone / buddy system Unattended reactions Housekeeping standards Limiting time exposure to hazards Posting signage to identify hazards
  17. Classes of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

  18. Proper Lab Attire

  19. Proper Lab Attire Clothing must cover the arms and legs Tights/leggings are not appropriate Short sleeves are okay if lab coat is worn Loose or draping clothing (i.e. scarves) is unsafe Long hair should be tied back
  20. Proper Lab Attire Shoes with traction are preferable Steel-toed shoes are required when transporting heavy equipment Socks should cover ankles. X Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Management of Chemical Hazards (2011), Section 6.c.2.6.2Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology (BCST)
  21. Shoes must cover the entire foot Leather or synthetic leather is best Thick sole to protect from broken glass Shoes Chemical Hygiene Plan, Department of Chemistry. Carleton College. Available at http://apps.carleton.edu/curricular/chem/safety/. Accessed 28 Jan 2013.
  22. Gloves: The basics

    Best practices for wearing disposable gloves
  23. Gloves Select gloves made of material known to be resistant to permeation by the substances in use. Lab Safety Supply Company provides chemical compatibility guide for gloves at http://www.labsafety.com/refinfo/ezfacts/EZ166.pdf. Check gloves (even new ones) tears or pinholes. Select gloves of the correct size and fit Too small  uncomfortable and may tear Too large  low dexterity Remove rings and jewelry that can tear gloves UofM, Department of Environmental Health and Safety. Bio Basics Fact Sheet: Glove Selection and Use http://www.dehs.umn.edu/PDFs/gloves.pdf
  24. Gloves Replace gloves when Contaminated Permeated by solvent Torn You have been wearing them awhile Some gloves, especially lightweight disposables, may be flammable Keep hands well away from flames or other high temperature heat sources Consider double gloving, if working with A highly hazardous compound Radioactive materials Situations were there is a high potential for spills or splashes UofM, Department of Environmental Health and Safety. Bio Basics Fact Sheet: Glove Selection and Use http://www.dehs.umn.edu/PDFs/gloves.pdf
  25. Gloves Remove gloves before leaving lab area. Remove in a way that avoids skin contact contaminated glove exterior Dispose of gloves in non-hazardous (normal) trash If radioactive chemicals were used, place in radioactive waste. www.hsc.wvu.edu/safety/Laboratory-Safety/Personal-protective-Equipment/Hand-Protection Wash hands Do not attempt to re-use disposable gloves. Increased risk for contamination UofM, Department of Environmental Health and Safety. Bio Basics Fact Sheet: Glove Selection and Use http://www.dehs.umn.edu/PDFs/gloves.pdf
  26. Gloves To prevent the unintentional spread of hazardous substances, when wearing gloves don’t touch Anything used outside the lab Doorknobs, personal telephones, pens, etc. Your face or clothes If you are transporting a chemical in the hallway, only wear a glove on one hand. Have a policy (gloves or no gloves) for lab computer use. Post your policy on the computer to remind visiting researchers. UofM, Department of Environmental Health and Safety. Bio Basics Fact Sheet: Glove Selection and Use http://www.dehs.umn.edu/PDFs/gloves.pdf
  27. Gloves: Chemical Compatibility

  28. Glove Comparison Chart Incidental contact:little or no direct contact with the hazardous material. Extended contact: handlinghighly contaminated materials; submerging hands in a chemical or other hazardous substance; need for physical protection from temperature extremes or sharp/piercing objects http://www.ehs.berkeley.edu/hs/63-laboratory-safety/94-glove-selection-and-usage.html
  29. Water based solution, organic solvents, acids and bases, halogenated hydrocarbons
  30. Glove Usage Wear gloves of a material known to be resistant to permeation by the substances in use. Look for an expiration date on individual packages of gloves. Before use, check gloves (even new ones) for physical damage such as tears or pinholes. Check reusable gloves for previous chemical damage. Dispose of gloves when they show any sign of leakage or deterioration. Select gloves of the correct size and fitting. Some gloves, especially lightweight disposables, may be flammable: keep hands well away from flames or other high temperature heat sources. Replace gloves periodically, depending on the frequency of use and their permeation and degradation characteristics relative to the substances handled. Remove gloves before handling objects such as doorknobs, telephones, pens, and computer keyboards. When removing gloves, do so in a way that avoids skin contact with a possibly contaminated glove exterior. Always wash hands after removing gloves. Dispose of contaminated gloves properly. Do not attempt to re-use disposable gloves. http://www.dehs.umn.edu/PDFs/gloves.pdf
  31. Handling the Heat OSHA (U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration) Select gloves that provide guarding and insulation Heat resistant gloves (attention: never wet the gloves when you put the autoclaves in water;water is a heat conductor)
  32. Prevention and protection Read SDS and learn about the temperatures, then select appropriate PPE and employ additional controls Diethyl ether
  33. Types of eye protection

  34. Eye ProtectionOverview Text Boston Medical Center, EHS and Laboratory Safety Committee. July 2011 http://www.bu.edu/orccommittees/files/2011/07/LabSafe-NL_July.pdf
  35. Eye Protection Options http://cenblog.org/the-safety-zone/2010/06/eyes-in-the-lab/
  36. Googles vs. Safety Glasses

  37. Goggles vs. Safety Glasses Photos courtesy of Michaela Roslawski, Sasha Schrandt, Kei Fuchigami (Photographer) St. Olaf College
  38. The Test Photos courtesy of Michaela Roslawski, Sasha Schrandt, Kei Fuchigami (Photographer) St. Olaf College
  39. Goggles Photos courtesy of Michaela Roslawski, Sasha Schrandt, Kei Fuchigami (Photographer) St. Olaf College
  40. The Test Photos courtesy of Michaela Roslawski, Sasha Schrandt, Kei Fuchigami (Photographer) St. Olaf College
  41. Goggles Photos courtesy of Michaela Roslawski, Sasha Schrandt, Kei Fuchigami (Photographer) St. Olaf College
  42. Goggles Photos courtesy of Michaela Roslawski, Sasha Schrandt, Kei Fuchigami (Photographer) St. Olaf College
  43. The Test: Safety Glasses Photos courtesy of Michaela Roslawski, Sasha Schrandt, Kei Fuchigami (Photographer) St. Olaf College
  44. Safety Glasses Photos courtesy of Michaela Roslawski, Sasha Schrandt, Kei Fuchigami (Photographer) St. Olaf College
  45. Flame Resistant Sleeves

    A great alternative to a flame resistant lab coat
  46. Flame Resistant Sleeves $11.00 per pair vs. ~$100 for a full lab coat Fits over normal lab coat sleeve Protects part of arm most likely to come in contact with flammables while working in the hood http://workingperson.com/national-safety-apparel-16-9oz-fr-green-sateen-sleeve-sewn-in-elastic-s02grrg02.html#details
  47. Sleeves Cover your arms Make sure sleeves don’t inhibit work Be conscious of longer street clothes sleeves that stick out of a lab coat http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/labware/safety.html http://onqor.net/ordering/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=57
  48. Respiratory Protection

    Is a respirator needed? How can you get one?
  49. Respiratory hazards Aerosolization during common lab procedures – e.g., weighing solids for making solutions – Tris, SDS, Ascorbic acid, MES hydrate. Harmful/irritating to the eyes and lungs. PPE Gloves, goggles, lab coat. In general read MSDS before using any chemicals, and possibly respiratory mask. Upon exposure Eyes : Rinse at the eye shower Inhalation: Move to fresh air, seek medical aid if experiencing discomfort
  50. Respiratory Protection Program Check the MSDS to determine if a respirator is needed for the chemicals you are working with. If use of a respirator is required, DEHS will provide you with information to enroll in the University’s Respiratory Protection Program through the Office of Occupational Health Information on the Respiratory Protection Program can be found at: http://www.ohs.umn.edu/rpp/home.html Minimum requirements for the program include filling out a health survey and a fit test for the type of respirator you will be using Additional information is available through the website http://www.ohs.umn.edu/prod/groups/ahc/@pub/@ahc/@ohs/documents/asset/ahc_asset_108552.pdf
  51. Thermoluminiscentdosimeters for working with radiation

    See the safety moment in the chemical category
  52. PPE Protocol

  53. Personal Protective Equipment

    Where – and where not – to wear it!
  54. Wear PPE when: When using a “gloves on” keyboard Wear gloves when using this keyboard. Lab coat is okay to wear when walking from lab to lab, unless is it known to be contaminated with a particularly hazardous substance. Working in laboratory spaces
  55. When NOT to wear PPE Bathrooms When using a “gloves off” keyboard When using mobile phones Offices/ non-lab spaces Outside
  56. When NOT to wear PPE When quenching your thirst. Don’t risk ingesting chemicals and spreading them to drink containers. Is a beverage container only touched with gloves on? Note: Labs where hazardous chemicals are used have 6 - 12 air changes per hour.  Increased thirst
  57. Transporting Chemicals Use secondary containment (bucket) One gloved hand, one ungloved hand Carry other needed PPE if moving between labs
  58. PPE and Chemical Packages

  59. Opening Chemical Packages PPE required to transport chemicals within and between labs Best practice suggests PPE should be worn when opening packages containing chemicals Packaging is form of engineering control PPE protects in case that control fails
  60. Lab Coat Laundering System

  61. Importance of a Clean Lab Coat Wearing a seriously soiled lab coat is like wearing hazardous waste! Chemistry department now offers a FREE lab coat laundering service Monthly service
  62. How it works Every 4th Wednesday Drop off dirty lab coats to Smith S18 Make sure your name is written on the pocket (not collar) There will be two hampers: Coats that DO have the vendor’s barcode in the collar Coats that DO NOT have the vendor’s barcode in the collar. Look for a monthly email reminder Thursday afternoon, 4 weeks later Pick up your clean lab coat from Smith S18
  63. Available Resources

  64. DEHS Contact Anna Sitek (Englund) E-mail: engl0131@umn.eduPhone: (612) 625-8925Office W-147 Boynton Research Safety Specialist assigned to our department, and newly-created DEHS safety contact for our entire college.She will serve as a member of our department Safety Committee and will work with the JST. Feel free to contact her with any questions!
  65. JST website www.jst.umn.edu
  66. Dow Safety Academy http://safety.dow.com/
  67. Have a safety moment?Contribute it to this collection.

    Send safety moments to jst@umn.edu with Safety Moment <topic> in the subject line.  Please put content in the provided template and cite reliable, credited sources.    Thank you!
  68. www.jst.umn.edu

  69. Templates

  70. Safety Moment Title