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Chapter 4: Classical Conditioning: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities

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Chapter 4: Classical Conditioning: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities

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Chapter 4: Classical Conditioning: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities

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  1. Chapter 4:Classical Conditioning:Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities Basic Terms Two Extensions Three Limitations Additional Phenomena

  2. Basic Phenomena acquisition curve

  3. Acquisition • Formation of a learned response to a conditioned stimulus through pairing with an unconditioned stimulus

  4. Extinction • Elimination or weakening of a learned, conditioned response by removal of the unconditioned stimulus when the conditioned stimulus is present

  5. Spontaneous Recovery • Re-emergence of an extinguished conditioned response after a rest period

  6. Basic Phenomena Figure 4.2(p. 131) Hypothetical results illustrating a decline in spontaneous recovery across repeated sessions of extinction.

  7. Basic Phenomena • disinhibition • the sudden recovery of a response during an extinction procedure when a novel stimulus is introduced.

  8. Generalization & Discrimination • Generalization • The tendency to respond to a stimulus that is similar to the conditioned stimulus

  9. Generalization & Discrimination • Discrimination • The ability to distinguish between different stimuli, tendency for a response to be elicited by one stimulus and not another (sometimes similar) stimulus

  10. Watson & Little Albert • Albert conditioned to fear a white laboratory rat • Each time he reached for the rat, Watson made a loud clanging noise right behind Albert • Albert’s fear generalized to anything white and furry • Including rabbits and Santa Claus

  11. CS+ CS- Discrimination Training

  12. Experimental Neurosis • an experimentally produced disorder in which animals exposed to unpredictable events develop neurotic-like symptoms.

  13. Extensions to Classical Conditioning • Higher-Order Conditioning • A stimulus associated with one CS can also become a CS • First-order conditioning • Second-order conditioning

  14. Extensions to Classical Conditioning • Sensory Preconditioning • A stimulus associated with one CS can also become a CS • First-order conditioning • Second-order conditioning

  15. Limitations to Classical Conditioning • compound stimulus

  16. Limitations to Classical Conditioning • Overshadowing

  17. Limitations to Classical Conditioning • Blocking

  18. Limitations to Classical Conditioning • Latent Inhibition

  19. Additional Phenomena • Temporal Conditioning

  20. Additional Phenomena • Occasion Setting

  21. Additional Phenomena • US Revaluation

  22. Additional Phenomena • Pseudocondtioning