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Kitchen Measurement. A key to successful cooking. Abbreviations. Tablespoons T tb Tbsp / tbsp Teaspoons t ts tsp. Abbreviations. Cup C c Square Sq Ounce oz. Fluid Ounce fl. oz. Pound Lb #. Abbreviations. Gallon gal. Quart qt. Pint pt. Abbreviations. Large lg.

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## Kitchen Measurement

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**Kitchen Measurement**A key to successful cooking**Abbreviations**• Tablespoons • T • tb • Tbsp / tbsp • Teaspoons • t • ts • tsp**Abbreviations**• Cup • C • c • Square • Sq • Ounce • oz. • Fluid Ounce • fl. oz. • Pound • Lb • #**Abbreviations**• Gallon • gal. • Quart • qt. • Pint • pt.**Abbreviations**• Large • lg. • Medium • med. • Weight • wt. • Package • pkg. • Hour • hr.**Equivalencies**• 3 t = 1 T • 2 T = 1 oz. • 4 T = ¼ cup • 5 1/3 T = 1/3 cup • 5 T + 1 t = 1/3 c • 10 2/3 T = 2/3 cup • 10 T + 2 t = 2/3 c How many T = 1 cup?**Equivalencies**• 1 gal. = 4 qt. • 1 qt. = 2 pt. • 1 pt. = 2 c. • 1 c. = 8 oz.**Equivalencies – fluid ounces**For Liquids: • 1 c = 8 oz. • 1 pt = 2 c = 16 oz. • 1 qt = 2 pt = 4 c = 32 oz. • ½ gal = 2 qt = 4 pt = 8 c =64 oz. Figure it out! • 1 gal = __ qt = __ pt = __ c = __ oz**Equivalencies - pounds**• 1 lb = 16 oz. • 1 lb butter=2 cups = 4 sticks How much is in one stick?**Measuring ingredients**There are two kinds of measuring: • Dry measuring • Liquid measuring They each have their own types of equipment and techniques to use. Note: moist ingredients use same equipment, different techniques.**Dry MeasuringAlways use a dry measuring cup**• Flour • sift, pour or spoon into dry measuring cup, then level • Sugar • Pour/spoon into dry measuring cup, then level • Rice /Misc. • Scoop out or pour into dry measuring cup • Small amounts • Dip measuring spoons into ingredient or pour onto spoon not over mixing bowl**Liquid Measuring**Always use liquid measuring cups. • Milk/Water/Liquid • Place measuring cup on counter, pour liquid in, check at eye level. • Vanilla/Small amounts • Pour into a measuring spoon • Hold over small bowl to catch excess. (Not over mixing bowl)**Moist Ingredients**• Brown Sugar • Pack firmly into a dry measuring cup, press until level. • Shortening/Peanut Butter • Pack firmly into a dry measuring cup, level. • Remove with a rubber scraper/spatula • Cut/Shredded foods • Press or place into a dry measuring cup**Using your HandsMake sure your hands are clean!!!**For some ingredients it is best to use your hands: • Eggs • Do not break on the side of the mixing bowl, shells may fall in. • Packages: • Open and pour into mixture • Chunks/Squares: • Unwrap and measure out with hands

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