Technical Education in Odisha Present Scenario, Challenges and Prospects Employment and Technical Education & Training Department, Government of Odisha
ORISSA : 1955 8 years after Independence Still an agrarian state with virtually no presence of industry. Only significant engineering structure was the famous Hirakud Dam.
1956 At the feet of Hirakud Dam, the first engineering college of Odisha came up at Burla with 20 students enrolling into 3 branches . It was named University College of Engineering (UCE) and thus began the history of technical education in Odisha.
1961 On 15 August 1961, Regional Engineering College (REC) Rourkela was established under the then Chief Minister of Odisha, Biju Patnaik and its foundation stone was laid by the then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. It was granted autonomy and functional independence by the Ministry of Human Resource Development in 2002 thus becoming one of the National Institutes of Technology.
1981 The College of Engineering and Technology (CET), Bhubaneswar was established in 1981, by the Government of Odisha as a constituent college of the Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology. Since 2002, CET Bhubaneswar is a constituent college of Biju Patnaik University of Technology (BPUT).
Next year - 1982 Government of Odisha established another Technical institute, Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Sarang in the Talcher - Angul industrial belt. It is an autonomous Institute affiliated to BPUT and with a Board of Governors headed by the Hon’ble Minister, Employment and Technical Education and Training, Govt. of Odisha.
Orissa Engineering College (OEC), Bhubaneswar, is the first private Engineering college to be established in Odisha in 1986. The number of private Engineering colleges in the state grew rapidly in the late 1990s and after 2000.
Biju Patnaik University of Technology (BPUT), Rourkela was established by an Act of the Assembly, Government of Odisha in June 2002.
BPUT The main objective of instituting the University was to ensure high quality of students coming out of these large number of technical colleges through a common curriculum and uniform evaluation. All Engineering, Pharmacy, Architecture and most of the colleges offering MCA and MBA degree programmes are either constituent or affiliated colleges of this University.
PRESENT SCENARIO As on date, the University has 155 Number of Colleges 1,10,000 Number. of Students 7,000 Number of Teachers THE BEGINNING The University came into existence in 2002 with 27 Number of Colleges 32000 Number of Students 1500 Number of Teachers
In the year 2009 Parala Maharaja Engineering, Sitallapali, Berhampur
In the year 2009 Government College of Engineering, Kalahandi
In the year 2011 GOVERNMENT COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, KEONJHAR
Status Report on Technical Education in Odisha : A Study Through SWOT Analysis
SWOT Analysis • STRENGTH • State endowed with rich mineral resources attracts huge investments in • various industrial sectors, which in turn offers good employment • opportunity for technically educated and skilled youth of the state • A stable state government supporting academic and administrative reforms • at various levels in the universities and colleges • Presence of top ranking national institutes like IITB, XIMB, NIT, NISER, • IOP and IMA lend a positive echo system for technical education • Presence of central PSUs like NALCO, RSP, HAL, MCL offer scope for • healthy industry-academia interaction • Growing culture of entrepreneurship • Major contribution by private sector towards capacity expansion and • growth of technical education • Growth of IT industry in the state
WEAKNESS • BPUT, Odisha is burdened with more than 160 affiliated colleges • which poses a constraint to timely academic reforms • Lack of faculty training institutes to create master trainers • A good number of private institutes have poor infrastructure and • facilities • Very low density of technical education institutes in rural Odisha • More than 40% of intake capacity in engineering streams remaining • unutilised since last 3 years • Technical students have poor abilities in soft skills and a large • percentage are not employable after passing out • No quality finishing schools in the State • Weak campus placement initiatives in government colleges • Inadequate research and development activities
OPPORTUNITY • Bhubaneswar could emerge as a quality hub for technical education like Manipal, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad and Bangalore • Presence of large industrial houses and PSUs offer scope for PPP in technical education sector relating to expansion and creation of new facilities / capacities • Availability of a sizeable talent pool of technically qualified youth to attract industry and investment
THREAT • Over commercialisation of technical education • Ongoing economic downturn may cause • closure of a no. of financially unsustainable • institutes due to very low capacity utilisation • which might send a wrong signal to potential • investors
SIGNIFICANT INITIATIVE BY STATE GOVT. IN 2012 Based on the SWOT analysis and in view of rapid industrialisation in the state and globalisation of the economy, a need was felt to improve technical education system and create efficient and accessible labour markets for all skill categories. Realising this, Government of Odisha created a new department in Feb. 2012 in the name and style of “Employment and Technical Education & Training Department”
VISION • To be a world class brand name for providing technical manpower needed in industry and academia • To create wealth and prosperity in the society through application of technical knowledge
MISSION • Making the places of teaching intellectually stimulating and emotionally pleasurable for the students and faculty. • Ensure proficiency of students in their domain of study as well as in soft skills (IT and communicative English).
BROAD STRATEGY • Ensuring an appropriate and world class curriculum , effective teaching and a rational examination system. • Supporting and creating centres of excellence for fundamental and industrial research that could bench mark as best in the business. • Establishing partnerships with progressive industries for addressing major industrial problems. • Joining hands with innovative academic institutions for improving teaching & research standards.
Goals • To achieve a 40 % increase in GER by 2017 • To achieve further 40% increase in GER by 2022 • To achieve 40% higher enrolment of rural students each by end of 2017 and 2022 • To achieve 40% higher enrolment each for SC and ST students by end of 2017 and 2022 • To achieve 40% higher enrolment each for SC and ST girl students by end of 2017 and 2022 • To achieve 40% higher enrolment of differently abled students by end of 2017 and 2022 • To have 10% of engineering / technical institutes qualify for autonomous status by 2020 • To establish a Research University and make it fully functional by 2017
Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) RUSA is a centrally sponsored scheme which aims at strategic intervention for the improvement of access, equity and quality in Indian higher education that focuses on state Universities and state institutions. It will spread over two five year plan periods (12th and 13th)
Priority Areas identified for implementation under RUSA • Setting up a Research University • Setting up a Cluster University • Strengthening BPUT • Capacity Expansion • Faculty Development • Academic Reforms • Research & Innovations
Strengthening BPUT • Functioning of 4 zonal centres to decentralize administrative, examination, student grievances redressal etc. • Functioning of State of Art Computer Centre and Central Library. • Establishment of Smart Class Rooms. • Connecting all the colleges through Video Conferencing. • Functioning of online grievance redressal system. • Functioning of Central Placement Cell. • Developing the students common facilities. • Promoting Institute –Industry Interactions.
Capacity Expansion • Creation of best-in-class infrastructure with modern class-rooms, high-tech laboratories, Wi-Fi campus, high speed internet access, hostels, auditoriums in the existing colleges. • Establishment of 05 new engineering and Professional colleges in the unrepresented undivided districts of the State.
Faculty Development • Arrange refresher courses as per UGC and AICTE norms for faculty members. • Teachers training / orientation and quality improvement courses. • Creation of more PG and PhD programs in the State run institutions . • Setting up R&D laboratories for extensive research activities of PG & PhD students as well as use by the local industries.
Academic Reforms • Accreditation of all academic programs in all the Govt. institutes. • Well structured and progressive curriculum. • Non-negotiable academic calendar. • Bar-coded OMR based answer books to expedite the evaluation and publication of result. • CCTV cameras installed in examination centres for effective surveillance. • On-line registration facilities for students • Provision for weaker students to pursue the course at a more comfortable pace.
Research & Innovations • To modernize the laboratories with present generation equipments. • Emphasis on cross disciplinary research in cutting area technologies. • Collaborative arrangement with State based Central PSUs, State PSUs, Private Industries and other R&D establishments. • Setting up of Centres of Excellence (COE) at : VSSUT Burla, CET Bhubaneswar IGIT Sarang • To build a Science & Technology Entrepreneurship Park at BPUT Campus, Rourkela
Governance • Faculty governance , staff governance and student governance practices must converge and complement each other. • Good governance practices boost the morale of the governed and create commitment towards organizational objectives. • Good governance is the culmination of all good practices in administration, management , HR and employees welfare. • Leveraging ICT into governance practices makes those transparent , user-friendly and faster.
Leadership Development: • To develop leadership amongst the Vice Chancellors, Directors, Administrators, Principals for effective administration and governance through appropriate training inputs.
State Government have approved a major scheme with a capital outlay of 300.00 crores for infrastructure development of Government Technical Universities and colleges during 2013-14 to 2016-17. It is planned to increase the intake capacity of UG and PG level institutions from 3017 in the year 2012-13 to 6328 during 2016-17
State Plan support In order to make up the critical gap of infrastructure of Engineering / Professional Colleges and to improve the quality, the following State Plan support has been made: Budget provision (in crores of rupees) Year
All these measures and initiatives are expected to usher in a balanced socio-economic growth in the state through industrialization, appropriate harnessing of natural resources and maximizing the employment potential of the local work force.
Looking Forward to a Bright Future of Technical Education Scenario in Odisha