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A time and a place for everything

A time and a place for everything

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A time and a place for everything

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  1. A time and a place for everything How and when to use formative, summative, periodic (and dynamic?) assessment Rachel Hawkes

  2. Summative Assessment:A mark or grade (i.e. a summary) Formative Assessment:Feedback that tells you what you have done well and what you have to do to progress Periodic Assessment:Broad picture of achievement, drawing on a wide range of evidence from classroom and homework activities. Dynamic Assessment:Assessment and instruction are integrated, so that assessment does not measure past achievement but movement towards future achievement. i.e. what learners can do with support. It is both aspirational and developmental. Rachel Hawkes

  3. Who is assessment for? Rachel Hawkes

  4. Assessment in the classroom Lesson Observation Form PromptsEvidence of AssessmentLearning: [Do learners know what they have learnt? Do they play a part in assessing themselves, each other? Are they involved in setting future learning objectives?]Teaching: [How does teaching check understanding? Does teaching respond to assessment of previous class work, homework, or contributions during the lesson? Is marking focused, diagnostic and aids progress? Does teaching allow learners to assess their own and each others’ learning?] NB Evidence for these judgements may come from exercise books and mark books (or equivalent) Rachel Hawkes

  5. All teachers need to know…! • Their students’ individual strengths, areas for development • The nature of progress in each skill across and within each key stage Rachel Hawkes

  6. Profile 1 David understands readily and is keen to communicate. A risk taker, he often launches in to speaking without having thought through how the sentence might end up. He is very spontaneous but because he is quite lazy with learning verb endings, he half knows a lot of words, but most sentences will have mistakes and many will end up ambiguous because of wrong verb endings. Rachel Hawkes

  7. Profile 2 Emma has an excellent memory and is really keen to do well, and also prepared to put in serious time and commitment to memorising. She is quite anxious and under confident, but on top of this, she does not understand unexpected questions readily and is prone to answering the question she thinks you might be asking. In addition, her pronunciation is not secure and she has difficulty retaining the sounds of more complex words over time. Rachel Hawkes

  8. Profile 3 Simon is extremely bright and adapts his extensive English vocabulary to his foreign language learning very well. He is secure with all tenses, using his own conditional perfect in his last oral assessment! Because he is ambitious and always wants to say exactly the right answer, he can sound stilted in oral examinations. He can get tongue-tied as he is considering the various different options! Rachel Hawkes

  9. Profile 4 Vanessa is also very bright. She doesn’t seem at ease with Spanish and says that she prefers German. However, recently she has begun to be much more spontaneous in class, and her knowledge of grammar is sufficiently well developed for her to build sentences creatively and independently. In oral exams she doesn’t sound as confident as she should be, and there is a real danger she is underselling herself here, as her knowledge and application of grammar is sufficiently well developed for her to be able to make her own meaningful exchanges. Rachel Hawkes

  10. Fitness for purpose: Which ‘next steps’ for which learners? Rachel Hawkes

  11. Organising teaching & learning • Annotated seating plans • Before and after • Carousel lessons (include individual feedback activities) • Pair/group work – watch, listen, gather information  feedback in mini-plenaries • Strategies for differentiation when finished • Record one table group (or several pairs) each lesson  whole class over time Rachel Hawkes

  12. Whole class oral interaction • Maximise use of open questions • Use images to open the context and allow for a variety of ‘right’ answers • Thinking time/Pupil talk in pairs first • ‘no hands up’ policy • Withhold corrective move – ask several pupils first • Longer exchanges with one pupil • Encourage pupils to respond to others’ answers of others • Respond to content more than form in spontaneous interaction Rachel Hawkes

  13. Periodic Assessment • QCDA sample material online • French (levels 3-8), Spanish (levels 4-7), German (levels 4-7) • Range of evidence across 4 skills and 3-4 topic areas • Teacher assessment commentary • Learner targets for development Rachel Hawkes

  14. Rachel Hawkes

  15. Les pays francophones: listening activity Pupil C listened to a recording of native French speakers talking about different countries and noted details in French. Listening and speaking: In the listening activity, Pupil C noted all the main points required from familiar spoken language in accurate French. He spoke with his partner, answering prepared questions about his chosen country. Although mainly in the present tense, he has varied his language and used a range of vocabulary. He then went on to ask the questions himself. Rachel Hawkes

  16. Rachel Hawkes

  17. Métier idéal: listening transcript The recording was quite fast and pupils heard it twice. Listening: In the listening activity, Pupil D was able to understand some familiar language in this new context as well as some less familiar topic-related vocabulary. She has noted the details for each job in mostly accurate French. Rachel Hawkes

  18. Conclusions • ‘Meaningful’ vs ‘manageable’ • Balance between summative and formative • Integrating teaching and assessment • Improving speaking and writing through modelling and feedback • Improving listening and reading through strategy development Rachel Hawkes

  19. “Those who do not move do not notice their chains.”Rosa Luxemburg Website: www.rachelhawkes.comEmail: rhawkes@comberton.cambs.sch.k Rachel Hawkes Director of Language College / Assistant Principal / AST / SSAT MFL Lead Practitioner Comberton Village College, Cambridgeshire