Creating a Research Paper with Citations and References Word Chapter 2 CTA
Documentation Styles MLA – Modern Language Association of America APA – American Psychological Association Includes Title Page Double-space text on all pages One-inch margins Running head that consists of the page number double-spaced below a brief summary of the paper title • Double-space text on all pages • One-inch margins • Indent the first line of each paragraph ½ inch • Last name and page number on each page of the document • “Works Cited” page • Works are hanging indented
General Project Guidelines • Select a topic. • Research the topic and take notes! • Organize your ideas. • Write (key) the first draft, referencing sources alphabetically. • Save the research paper. • Create the list of sources. • Proofread and revise the paper. • Print the research paper.
Headers and Footers HEADER • Headers can include text and graphics that print at the top of the page. • In Microsoft Word, headers print ½ inch from the top of the page. Margins are 1 inch. • In an MLA Style Report, the header consists of the writer’s last name and the page number, which is included on each page. FOOTER • Footers can include text and graphics that print at the bottom of the page. • In Microsoft Word, footers print ½ inch from the bottom of the page.
Typing the Research Paper Text Write the first draft, referencing sources. • Include an introduction, body, and conclusion. • Evaluate sources for authority, currency, and accuracy. • Acknowledge all sources of information; do not plagiarize.
Plagiarism • to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own • to use (another's production) without crediting the source • to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source. A synonym for ethics would be standards. It is unethical and would be considered an academic crime to plagiarize. Much more than “borrowing” or “copying”! Two examples of Websites to check for plagiarism are: • Turnitin We build better writers. We are the world’s leading academic plagiarism prevention solution and originality checking tool. • WriteCheck Finally, Turnitin for students. Avoid accidental plagiarism. Students can now use the #1 plagiarism prevention checker.
Shortcut Keys • Shortcut keys are keyboard key combinations to format text as you type. • See some of the examples on next slide.
Indents and Normal Style • First-line indents occur when you drag the first triangle on the left side of the ruler. This indents the first line of text on the left side only. • Hanging indents occur when you drag the 2nd triangle on the left side of the ruler. This indents the 2nd and succeeding lines of text on the left side of the paragraph and leaves the first line at the left margin (the left indent moves with the 2nd triangle when a hanging indent occurs). • Left indents occur when you drag the rectangle on the left side of the ruler. This indents all lines of text on the left side of the paragraph (both triangles and the rectangle moves when dragging the left indent). • Right indents occur when you drag the triangle on the right side of the ruler. This indents all lines of text on the right side of the paragraph. • In an MLA Style Report, paragraphs are first-line indented ½ inch and the Works Cited Page, the works are hanging indented ½ inch. • Default normal style places 10 points of blank space after each paragraph. • Default normal style inserts a vertical space equal to 1.15 lines between each line of text.
Sources • MLA style requires that the works cited be listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name, or if the work has no author, by the work’s title. • Look at the Plan Ahead Section on p. 88 on how to do the works • Footnotes are inserted at the bottom of the page • Endnotes are inserted at the end of the report
Word Chapter 2 Vocabulary manual page break (WD 106) Modern Language Association of America (MLA) (WD 66) Navigation Pane (WD 115) Normal style (WD 70) note reference mark (WD 93) note text (WD 93) Office Clipboard (WD 113) paragraph spacing (WD 72) parenthetical references (WD 69) pasting (WD 113) plagiarize (WD 68) proofreading (WD 112) research paper (WD 66) right-aligned (WD 76) ruler (WD 83) shortcut keys (WD 81) soft page breaks (WD 101) synonym (WD 118) style (WD 70) tag name (WD 94) thesaurus (WD 118) vertical ruler (WD 82) word count (WD 101) works cited (WD 69) works cited page (WD 105) • American Psychological Association (APA) (WD 66) • antonym (WD 118) • AutoCorrect (WD 85) • AutoCorrect Options button (WD 85) • automatic page breaks (WD 101) • background repagination (WD 101) • bibliographical list (WD 108) • bibliography (WD 106) • Click and Type (WD 80) • copying (WD 113) • cutting (WD 113) • double-space (WD 72) • endnote (WD 93) • field (WD 90) • First Line Indent marker (WD 83) • first-line indent (WD 83) • footer (WD 75) • footnote (WD 93) • hanging indent (WD 109) • Hanging Indent marker (WD 109) • hard page break (WD 106) • header (WD 75) • horizontal ruler (WD 82) • Left Indent marker (WD 83) • line spacing (WD 72)