Download
measuring well being n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Measuring Well-Being PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Measuring Well-Being

Measuring Well-Being

85 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Measuring Well-Being

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Measuring Well-Being

  2. Teaser • All things considered, how happy have you been these days out of 10?

  3. Frey & Stutzer 2002 • If the content of utility can be measured, then economists should consider using that content instead of the current content-free method. • The content of utility, in the form of subjective well-being, can be measured. • Therefore, economists should consider using that content instead of the current content-free method.

  4. Is subjective well-being (SWB) an appropriate content for utility? • Is SWB the right kind of thing to fill utility? • It’s a very good fit conceptually • But, it will only work if it can be objectively measured

  5. What is the evidence for subjective well-being being measurable? • Introspective • Self-reports • Observing behaviour • Brain scans

  6. Introspection • Ask yourself how you feel about your life • We may be bad at predicting what will bring us happiness but we are quite good at assessing our current emotional state and our satisfaction with our life • But sometimes we are affected by biases

  7. Self-Reports • Communicating your introspection • Usually by questionnaires • But biases can affect the results • Kahneman

  8. Observing Behaviour • Smiling (real smiles) • Does away with many biases from self-reports buts adds other problems (similar to the ones with the current economic model

  9. Brain Scans • Various methods including EEG • Left vs. right hemisphere brain activity • More left hemisphere brain activity at ‘rest’ = positive affect • More right hemisphere brain activity at ‘rest’ = negative affect • Correlated with behaviour and self-reports • But best fit still only about 0.2

  10. Cute baby = Left side

  11. Deformed baby = Right side

  12. What are the other considerations when deciding whether to use subjective well-being as the content for utility? • Practical considerations • Philosophical considerations

  13. What is the future for subjective well-being as the content for utility? • Well-being can be measured but practical and philosophical considerations must be taken into account • Other measures need to be taken into account