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Welcome to Preschool Psychology

Welcome to Preschool Psychology

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Welcome to Preschool Psychology

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  1. Welcome toPreschool Psychology Spring 2014 Mrs. Garofano

  2. Tuesday, 2/4/14Goals for today: Get acquainted, become familiar with course and curriculum. Welcome: Let’s get started! Where do we start? Lost kid tags Hey my name is ____ I’m going to preschool & I’m bringing _____! Course guidelines 1 yr. old development overview Homework: $5 fee by 2/14. Bring 3 ring binder to class! • Mission Impossible Babies Escape • Take care of details • Complete index card: • Your name • Parent’s name & contact # • Why you are taking this course? • Tell me 5 things about you to better know you …anything! • Super hero kids! • Include name on front

  3. Friday, 2/6/14Goal for today: complete pre-assessment and begin study of physical development of toddlers. Agenda: Key terms: Chapter 10.1 Toddler Preschooler Gross motor & small motor skills Homework: Finish chapter 10 study guide (pages 10-1 through 10-4) -due Thursday 2/13 Early bonus points • Fees? Binder check? • Pre-assessment • Textbooks & notebooks • Number pages in notebook • Skills checklist • Textbook walk through • Read section 10-1 in text (pages 293-300)

  4. Tuesday, 2/11/14Goals for today: Identify the TOP 10 things all children need.Question of the day: describe your earliest memory?Clip of the day: Agenda Key Terms & Homework Developmentally appropriate Dexterity Sensory integration Homework: due Thursday, Chapter 10 study guide pages 10-(1-4). Get your fees paid! • Fees (Due by Monday 2/24 for special snack after break) • Collect early homework • Remind101 (voluntary) • CTE endorsement form • Brainstorm at table: Top 10things every child needs. • Watch DVD “Ten Things Every Child Needs” and complete handout for turning in.

  5. Thursday, 2/13/14Goals for today: Explore various activities suitable for toddlers that integrate small and large motor skills. Continue to investigate the basic needs of all children. Agenda • Fees & Collect chapter 10 study guide • • Question of the Day: Name 3 activities that require “hand eye coordination” • Telephone “Time Out”. • Finish 10 Things Every Child Needs & turn in. • Preschool Helpers! • Respect for materials! • Teenagers as Toddlers… Learning Centers • Clean Up time! • Have a terrific winter break!

  6. Tuesday, 2/25/14Goals for today: Continue to explore typical physical development for toddlers. Look back at the first year of life and then look at physical growth patterns from 1-3. Agenda Activities Healthy Snack Create A Growth Chart Average weight and heights for boys/girls Set up graph/chart for ages 1-6 Graph overall growth and use colors to identify Toddlers p. 294 Preschoolers p. 384 Neatness, accuracy, readability, & conclusions: 2 conclusions you can draw from this chart. • Question of the day: What are 2 safe & 2 unsafe snack foods for toddlers? • The First Year development. • Toddler Centers activity chart (recap) • Feeding Toddlers 10-14&15 • Healthy snack activity

  7. #2 #1

  8. #3 #4

  9. #5 #6

  10. Thursday, 2/27/14Goals for today: Look closer at development of teeth, sensory issues, growth rates, proportion & posture. Agenda Activities/projects Tooth activity Key Term: Sensory Integration Create A Growth Chart Average weight and heights for boys/girls Set up graph/chart for ages 1-6 Graph overall growth and use colors to identify Toddlers p. 294 Preschoolers p. 384 Neatness, accuracy, readability, & conclusions: 2 conclusions you can draw from this chart. • Fees & Attendance • Question of the Day: What are primary teeth? How many do children get? • Tooth activity • Posture & proportion • Sensory Dysfunction- what is it; what are symptoms. (see page 10-12 in notebook) • Youtube: • Create growth charts/turn in.

  11. The following are signs of auditory defensiveness: -  demonstrates distress, hides, or cries in response to loud or unexpected noises (for example, blenders, vacuum cleaners, hair dryer, dogs barking) - protects ears from sounds by covering ears - difficulty doing tasks when the radio or TV is on - hard time with focusing or functioning when there is a lot of noise - cannot work with noise in the background, like a fan or refrigerator running - notices sounds no one else hears, like a clock ticking, airplane flying over head, etc.

  12. Another type of sensory issue is oral defensiveness. The common symptoms of a child with oral defensiveness include: •Picky eater…avoids certain textures, temperatures, or flavors of food •Gags easily or gags with certain food textures or smells •Difficulty sucking, chewing, or swallowing •Chokes easily •Avoids/dislikes tooth brushing or face washing •Dislikes going to the dentist •Avoids/dislikes getting hands or face messy •Inappropriate tasting or mouthing of non-food items

  13. children with tactile defensiveness (hypersensitivity to touch/tactile input) will avoid touching, become fearful of, or bothered by the following: •textured materials/items •"messy" things •vibrating toys, etc. •a hug •a kiss •certain clothing textures •rough or bumpy bed sheets •seams on socks ( click here to find out about seamless socks ) •tags on shirts •light touch •hands or face being dirty •shoes and/or sandals •wind blowing on bare skin •bare feet touching grass or sand

  14. Signs of visual defensiveness can include: - preferring or happy to be in the dark - avoiding or showing discomfort in response to bright lights (asking to turn of the lights often during the day or hiding from sunlight are two examples) - squinting or covering eyes to protect them from bright lights - having a hard time putting together age-appropriate puzzles - frustration with finding objects in a messy room or cluttered drawer - continues to be bothered by bright lights when everyone else has already adapted to the light

  15. Monday, 3/3/14 Goals for today: Take a closer look at planning healthy meals for toddlers & toilet training. Agenda Activities & Homework Key Terms: Readiness for toilet training Sphincter muscles Homework: Chapter 13 (13-1 thru 5) study guide due Friday, 3/7. Early bonus Wednesday. Friday: Chapter 10 Quiz • Fees & Attendance • Question of the day: What were your 3 favorite foods as a preschooler? • Toilet training… such FUN! • It’s “Potty Time” • Children’s book: complete handout as a group. • Toilet training tips • Toddlers feeding themselves • It gets messy! • • Nutrition & portion sizes for toddlers (handout) • Promoting nutritious foods: 10-17 • Rate your Plate activity

  16. Signs for Toilet Training • Usually between ages 2-3 (earlier can cause children to take longer) • Must be physically ready • physical control of bladder and bowel functions • Recognize the signals that elimination is necessary • Able to remove clothes easily • Must be emotionally ready (show interest in wanting to use toilet) • During a calm time in family life

  17. Basics for Toilet training… • Positive attitude from caregiver • Calm encouragement vs. rules and punishment • If ready they will want to succeed • Expect accidents • Be prepared for fears (toilet flush, discomfort, actual waste product) • May prefer child seat on toilet or potty chair • Bowel usually before bladder (awareness of sensation and can see in face or body movements) • Avoid demands • Training pants develop independence • Positive reinforcement • Set aside enough time in schedule

  18. Making Meals Appealing • Color- vary color when choosing foods • Texture-choose different textures • Shape- add interest to the look of food • Temperature- both hot & cold in a meal • Ease of Eating- size of foods & how prepared and cut up Examples?

  19. Wednesday, 3/5/14 Goals for today: Explore safety and health concerns and look at clothing selection and dressing skills for toddlers. Agenda Activities & homework Chapter 13 homework due Friday Friday: Chapter 10 quiz Wednesday, 3/12 end of the 5 weeks! • Collect fees & early homework • Question of the day: When purchasing clothes for toddlers, what are 3 things to consider? • Clothing considerations • Rate your neighbor’s Plate • Risks around every corner • • Safety & health concerns with toddlers Make a list • Keep those toddlers moving!

  20. Clothing Considerations • Self Dressing; (requires fine and gross motor skills) • Practice (undressing is easier) • Patience (need plenty of time) • Clothes easy to put on and take off, without fasteners, buckles, buttons to start with • Take it in steps • Often inside out and backwards • Boosts self-esteem, independence • Plan for growth & comfort (stretch) • Choose appropriate fabric for comfort and safety • Durable & flame retardant sleepwear

  21. Safety categorieskitchenbedbathroomcarwateroutdoorstoysburns/fireenvironmental

  22. Friday, 3/7/14 Goals for today: Toddler physical development overview & quiz. Observe toddler behavior issues and interventions from Super Nanny episode. • Attendance & Collect chapter 13 homework • Question of the day: How do immunizations protect children from getting serious or fatal diseases? • End of 5 weeks is Wednesday, 3/12 • Review by watching “Toddler physical development” DVD (follow up review questions) • Take chapter 10 Quiz • Super Nanny Episode • Complete video sheet. Identify parenting tips and challenges observed in episode. • Turn in

  23. Tuesday, 3/11/14Goals for today: Students will complete various preschool appropriate activity centers. Students will complete chapter 10 quiz bonus. Students will finish viewing super nanny episode. Agenda Vocabulary & Activities dexterity permanent teeth = 32 ambidextrous posture becomes erect Next class preschool snack activity • Attendance, fees, chapter 13 study guide, grade summaries • Question of the day: What is dexterity? Name one activity that develops this in preschoolers. • Finish super nanny episode & handout • Learning centers X 5 • Follow directions at tables • Challenges & skills used

  24. Thursday, 3/13/14 Goals for today: Look at hand preference, finish preschool centers, explore nutrition & introduce snack activity. Agenda Vocabulary & Activities Sedentary activities Complete remaining two centers. Next week: Healthy Snack challenge (iron chef competition) • Question of the day: Why is it a concern if a child sucks their thumb after age 5? What can a parent do to stop the habit? • Finish preschool centers (2 more) and turn in papers. • Time for breakfast. Get cereal with milk and return to seats. • Complete Page 13-7 & 8 (Using Nutrition Labels). Add cereal “C” which is the one you chose. • Page 13-22, reasons for poor nutrition in children. • Childhood Obesity: 13-19 & 20

  25. Reasons for poor nutrition in children… • Caregivers not being aware of the need for good nutrition • Not understanding the basics of good nutrition • Relying too heavily on convenience foods • Relying on fast foods • Setting a poor example of good eating habits • Allowing children to choose their own food without guidance

  26. Tuesday, 3/18/14Goals for today: Discuss hand use preference and consider daily nutritious snacks & activities for preschoolers. Begin Healthy snack challenge. Agenda Vocabulary and Activities Page 13-20, 5 days of healthy snacks and activities. Healthy Snack Challenge Group of 3-4 • Seating Scramble • Q of the Day: What future problems can children have as a result of being overweight as a preschooler? • Turn in Q of the Day sheet • Read & highlight 13-15, Hand-Use Preference & be prepared to answer questions • Kids & Food DVD • Healthy Snack Challenge • Work as a group 13-20 and complete.

  27. Hand-Use Preference • If both parents are left handed, what is the chance the child will be? • 40% • Which are more likely to be left handed, men or women? • Men • Can left handedness be corrected? • No, because it is not wrong in the first place • At what age do children consistently use a hand preference? • Often Shows up after 18 mo. Consistent by 4. • What percentage of people are right handed? Left Handed? • 90% right, 10% left • Explain the theory of hand preference and hair growth? • Similarity between direction of hair spiral and hand use (2 recessice copies of same gene for hair spiral & hand use

  28. A few more…. • Explain the theory of hand preference and fetal development. • Majority are in position that restricts use of left side so fetuses use right hand more in utero. (thumb sucking preferences by ultrasound) • How early can a preference show up? • 4-6 mo. Holding a rattle or toy longer or reaching with right hand over left

  29. Thursday, 3/20/14Goals for today: Look closer at preschool teeth development and loss. Work on Healthy Snack Challenge Agenda Vocabulary & Activities Permanent teeth Group identification Fluoride Enamel Nutrition data website Thursday, 3/27 Chapter 13 Quiz Thursday: Healthy Snack Challenge • Letters to parents • Question of the day: Make a list of at least 5 specific places in Central NY where preschoolers can get age appropriate exercise and be active? • 13-21: 6 year olds’ teeth notes • Teeth names and placement • Preschool Health Snack Challenge (overview) • 1 person recipe • 1 person cost analysis • 1-2 people nutrition data • EVERYONE SHOPPING LIST • Rules: 30 minutes, 2 food groups, allergy alert, sanitation rules apply (gloves/hair) • Any who are absent must make up or lose 20% of grade for each day absent.

  30. 6 Year Olds teeth (pg 13-21)What do you know about this topic? • Primary teeth are lost (starting around age 5) & permanent teeth appear • First molars are first permanent teeth (4) • Primary teeth are lost in the same order as they come in • Fluoride (often in water supply) strengthens enamel • 32 permanent teeth

  31. Tuesday, 3/25/14Goals for today: Work on Snack challenge projects, complete teacher evaluation. Agenda Vocabulary and Activities Group Identification Immunizations No FEES, No SNACKS Chapter 13 Quiz on Thursday Snack Challenge Thursday Be prepared with any supplies Hair ties • Q of the Day: • At age 4, if children have toileting accidents, what might be the cause? • What can you do to handle night time bed wetting in a 6 year old? • Immunizations schedule • Clothing choices for preschoolers • What makes it healthy? Handout • Computer Lab: • Teacher Evaluation • Snack Challenge project • Finish project recipe, nutrition, & cost sheet • Meet with Mrs. G about shopping & equipment list

  32. Considerations for purchasing clothes for preschoolers… • Ease in dressing themselves (toileting) • Durable • Economical • Comfort • Likes/dislikes • Group identification • Choices Immunizations for school •

  33. Student survey- Garofano • • Token: 426124

  34. Thursday, 3/27/14Goals for today: Take the chapter 13 quiz and participate in the Preschool snack challenge. Agenda • Question of the day: Give 2 examples of things all children should be taught about outdoor safety? • Chapter 13 Quiz • Healthy Snack Challenge • Set Up Stations • Prepare snack (30 minutes) • Recipe, presentation, & cost sheet • Snack sampling • Turn in recipe, nutrition, & cost sheet. • Snack Voting

  35. Monday, 3/31/14Goals for today: Begin chapter 11: Emotional and Social Development from 1-3. Agenda Vocabulary and Activities Looking ahead: Chapter 14 Study guide (emotional & social development of preschoolers) will be due Tuesday, 4/8/14. Early bonus points for turning in ahead. • Question of the day: What are 4 emotions you might see expressed by toddler? • Preschool snack evaluation • DVD: Social & Emotional Development in Toddlers • Answer questions from DVD. • Use textbooks to complete chapter 11 study guide- pages 11-1 through 11-5. • Turn in study guide.

  36. Wednesday, 4/2//14Goals for today: Look closer at emotional development of toddlers and the foundation of parent relationships in overall healthy development. Agenda Vocabulary and Activities Self centered Negativism Separation anxiety Temper tantrum Toddler play date: Wednesday, April 16th. Play day forms due on Tuesday, 4/8/14 (no exceptions) Chapter 14 Study guides due Tuesday, 4/8/14. Early bonus points available. 14-1 thru 14-5. • Question of the Day: What are some common reasons for negativism in toddlers at 18 mo.? • Snack Awards • Toddler play date: Wednesday, April 16th. Play day forms due on Tuesday, 4/8/14 (no exceptions) • Minimum of 3 and maximum of 8 toddlers. • Ages 1 through 3 only. Older children later. • Parenting Q & A (11-6 &7) in groups • Collect Chapter 11 SG • Chapter vocabulary (11-14) • Fathers & Mothers •

  37. Preschool Healthy Snack Block 1 All Stars • Best Recipe Presentation • Mouse • Best Tasting Snack • Elephant Fruit Parfait • Healthiest Snack • Ants on a Log • Most likely to be chosen by a preschooler • Bear Toast • Best Teamwork in a group • Elephant Fruit Parfait • Best Cost Value • Rice Chrispie Caterpillars

  38. Preschool Healthy Snack Block 2 All Stars • Best Recipe Presentation • Rice Cake Round=Up • Best Tasting Snack • Rice Cake Round-Up • Healthiest Snack • Scooter Snacks • Most likely to be chosen by a preschooler • Butterfly Bags • Best Teamwork in a group • Rice Cake Round Up • Best Cost Value • Banana-Orange Smoothie

  39. Preschool Healthy Snack Block 4 All Stars • Best Recipe Presentation • Banana Dolphin Babies • Best Tasting Snack • Fruit Cup • Healthiest Snack • Fruit Kabobs • Most likely to be chosen by a preschooler • Banana Dolphin Babies • Best Teamwork in a group • Mickey Mouse Pancakes • Best Cost Value • Ants on a Log

  40. Friday, 4/4/14Goals for today: Look closer at social development of toddlers including friendships, imaginary friends, aggressive behaviors & independence. Agenda Vocabulary and Activities self-concept empathy phobia sibling rivalry Homework: Chapter 14 Study guide due Tuesday, 4/8/14. Toddler play date: Wednesday, April 16th. Play day forms due on Tuesday, 4/8/14 (no exceptions) • Question of the day: What is the purpose of guidance (from parents and caregivers)? • Collect Chapter 14 & permission slips • A Father’s Love-The World’s Strongest Dad. • Understanding Temper Tantrums (11-15 & 16) • Guiding Children Effectively (11-17&18) • Partners • Use Props • Role play without using the term • Whiteboards for class guessing • Total up number who get it correct • Awards!

  41. Write a 5 minute Haiku….about trust & family care givers: mom, dad, grandparent, etc….A haiku is an unrhymed three-line poem. It is based on a traditional Japanese poetic form. The traditional pattern in English is to write the first and last lines with five syllables each, and the middle line with seven syllables. In other words, the pattern of syllables looks like this: Line 1: 5 syllablesLine 2: 7 syllablesLine 3: 5 syllables Here’s another way to visualize the same thing: 1 2 3 4 51 2 3 4 5 6 71 2 3 4 5

  42. Snack Photos