1. Assess the personality of Louis XIV. What do the quotes reveal about himself? 2. Do you think that Louis XIV lives up to the title, absolute monarch? Examples?
ABSOLUTISM FRANCE Louis XIV “The Sun King”
Louis XIV: The Sun King King of France (1643-1715)
Cardinal Mazarin ushered in the reign of Louis XIV by setting up a powerful royal state for the young king.
Royal Court: Personal household of king Location of central government machinery Place of favor and offices (of particular interest to courtiers)
The reign of Louis XIV set the standard for absolute monarchies and aristocracies in Europe.
Province Rule: Hereditary Officeholders Intendants (eyes and ears of ministers) Royal patronage (bribed key officials)
Louis XIV replaced high nobles and royal princes with new nobility that could be more easily controlled
Religious Policy: “One king, one law, one faith.” Louis XIV repressed the French Huguenot population St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
Palace of Versailles: Residence of king Reception hall for state affairs Offices for members of government Home for thousands of royal officials and aristocratic courtiers
Versailles became the symbol of the absolutist state of France and the power of the Sun King. It was intended to impress foreign powers
Daily Ceremonies Nobles assisted the king with the following activities: Rising from bed, dining, praying, mass, going to bed, handing the king his shirt during dressing.
Louis XIV’s quest for military glory led to many wars which drained the French treasury and left France with many enemies in Europe
“I am the state.” --Louis XIV (Note: He probably never said it!)