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Suspension PowerPoint Presentation

Suspension

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Suspension

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  1. Suspension D.J. Conroy

  2. Last year • Designed with existing frame • Did not use suspension analysis programming • A-arms not easily adjustable • Hard to assemble

  3. This year • Design frame around suspension • Find optimum geometry using Lotus • Make adjustment, machining, and assembly much easier

  4. Geometry • Analyzed using lotus software • Mounting points dictate much of the frame layout

  5. DifferentSet-ups

  6. Most Important Aspects • Camber • Castor • Toe • Roll center height

  7. Optimum Settings • -1° camber (static) • 1° change per inch bump/droop • Front toe • -1° toe in static (positive with lotus sign convention) • Minimal change in bump/droop • 5° of castor • Minimal change in bump/droop • Roll center height of about 2 in • Stay positive through bump/droop • Converging A-arms

  8. Mounting lower than 6in. (2in. shown)

  9. 6in. pentagon

  10. Pentagon Specs: • Roll Center: • Static: 0.8in • 1 in bump: -1in • 1in droop: 0.7in • Camber: • Static: -1° • 1 in bump: -2.05° • 1in droop: -0.25° • Toe: • Static: 1° • 1 in bump: -12° • 1in droop: 14.5° • 1° roll: 6.5°

  11. 6in. octagon

  12. Frame sketch

  13. Octagon Specs: • Roll Center: • Static: 2.7in • 1 in bump: 1in • 1in droop: 4in • Camber: • Static: -1° • 1 in bump: -2.2° • 1in droop: .1° • Toe: • Static: 1° • 1 in bump: -5° • 1in droop: 7° • 1° roll: + 2.5°

  14. Octagon vs. Pentagon • Advantages: • Lower and shorter (from bottom to top of frame) • Lower COG • Don’t need to worry about a raised front end • Better mounting of steering rack • Much less bump steer • Disadvantages: • Heavier • More frame members

  15. My opinion: • The couple extra frame members and 5 lbs max additional un-sprung weight is worth it to have a much lower center of gravity and much less bump steer.

  16. A arm Dimensions • Upper: • Forward arm 15.08in • Trailing arm 14.70in • Difference: .38in • Angle: 51.7° • Lower: • Forward arm: 15.73in • Trailing arm: 16.09in • Difference: .36in • Angle: 48.2°

  17. Materials • Steel • Good: • Easy to weld • Cheap • Bad: • Heavy • Carbon Fiber • Good: • Light weight • Bad: • Expensive • Hard to bond to steel

  18. Manufacturing and Assembly • Rod ends with built in spacers • Mill push rod mounts • Use steel or carbon fiber rods • Jig: • Accurate • 3 points • Could use mill table

  19. Adjustability • Exposed outer rod end:

  20. Forces on Wheel

  21. A-Arm Forces

  22. Breaking: • tyre: 217.7 lb • Top arm: 114.3 lb • Bottom arm: 332 lb • Verticle: • tyre: 580.6 lb • Top arm: 290 lb • Bottom arm: 290lb • Lateral: • Tyre: 290.3 lb • Top arm: 152.4 lb • Bottom arm: 442.7 lb