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Anusorn Ditsawan 51312333

Anusorn Ditsawan 51312333. Silapakorn University. Confirmation of Amphetamine , Methamphetamine ,MDA and MDMA in urine samples using disk solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry after immunoassay screening. Immunoassay. ( Immunological Test ).

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Anusorn Ditsawan 51312333

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  1. Anusorn Ditsawan 51312333 Silapakorn University

  2. Confirmation of Amphetamine , Methamphetamine ,MDA and MDMA in urine samples using disk solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry after immunoassay screening Anusorn Ditsawan

  3. Immunoassay ( Immunological Test ) Cut off = 1000 ng/mL Anusorn Ditsawan

  4. LLE Anusorn Ditsawan

  5. GC-MS GC-MS Agilent 6890 GC instrument An 7683 autosampler A 5973N mass-selective detector

  6. SPE SPE Disk 47-90 mm SPE Tube 1-60mL 50mg – 10g SPE Cartridge 100mg – 1g Anusorn Ditsawan

  7. Polypropylene syringe barrel 20 m polypropylene frits C-18 Sorbent bed (ODS) (40-50 m) Male Luer tip fitting SPE ODS = Octadecyl siloxane

  8. SPE Loading Adsoption Conditioning Washing Eluting

  9. Anusorn Ditsawan

  10. Introduction Amphetamines are powerful central nervous system (CNS) stimulants Chronic abuse of amphetamines causes hallucinations and psychosis , in addition to dysphoria and depression upon withdrawal

  11. Amphetamine (AMP) ,methamphetamin(MET) ,3,4methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) are often encountered in forensic toxicological analysis.

  12. Using SPE with strong cation-exchange (SCX) interaction,most of neutral and acidic impurities are washed away in the washing step,therefore,cleaner extract can be obtained. The investigation described here used the SPEC.PLUS.C18AR/MP3 disk SPE cartridges to extract the amphetamines from urine samples. GC–MS working in the selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode was employed for confirmation and quantitation.

  13. Experimental Amphetamine standards of reagent grade • Amphetamine sulfate • methamphetamine hydrochloride • MDA hydrochloride • MDMA hydrochloride Stock solutions of 1 mg/ml each drug (infreebases) were prepared separately by diluting appropriate amounts of the amphetamine standards (insaltforms), respectively ,inproper volumes of methanol. Anusorn Ditsawan

  14. Composite standard • 100 µg/ml amphetamines (in free bases) was prepared by diluting 0.1 ml of the 1 mg/ml stock solutions in 0.6 ml methanol. • Nikethamide (NIK) was used as chromatographic standard (CS) ,which original solution containing 250 mg/ml NIK stock solution of 1 mg/ml was prepared by dissolving 40 ml of the original solution in methanol and diluting to 10 ml.

  15. A working solution of 100 µg/ml NIK was prepared by diluting 0.1 ml of the stock solution in 0.9 ml methanol ,and 10 ug/ml of working solution was prepared by diluting 0.1 ml of the 100 µg/ml working solution in 0.9 ml methanol • Phosphate buffer (pH 6.0) of 0.1 M was prepared by dissolving 15.6 g sodium dihydrogenphosphate in distilled water , diluting to 1000 ml and adjusting to the specific pH with sodium hydrogenphosphate

  16. Carbonate buffer (pH 10.3) of 0.1 M was prepared by dissolving 10.6 g sodium carbonate (NaCO) and 8.4 g sodium hydrogencarbonate (NaHCO) in distilled water and diluting to 1000ml.

  17. System GC MS • System GC • Column DB-35 MS(cross-linked 35%phenyl silicone)30m x 0.25mm,0.25m • Injection temperature : 200 C • Oven temperature : 100C • Detector temperature : 280 C • Carrier flow : 1.2 ml/min • Split ratio : 50 : 1 • System MS • Detector : perfluorotributylamide. • Electron ionization voltetat : 70 eV • The ion source : 230 • Quadrupole temperature : 150 C • The MS system operated : SIM mode

  18. The Mixed-phase SPE disks , SPEC.PLUS.C18AR The mixed-phase SPE disks, SPEC.PLUS.C18AR/MP3 cartridges, with 70 mg bed mass and 10-ml specimen reservoir Providing hydrophobic (C) and SCX interactions The disk was conditioned with 1 ml methanol and 1 ml of 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH6) After dilution with 6 ml of the phosphate buffer A sample of 2 ml was applied to the cartridge

  19. Passed through the cartridge under slight vacuum The cartridge was Washed with 0.5 ml methanol, and dried under full Vacuum for 3 min Residual liquid droplets inside inner wall and tip of the disk cartridge were wiped With clean filter paper. Anusorn Ditsawan

  20. Analytes were eluted with 2 ml of 2% ammoniated ethyl acetate After 50 µl of 10 µg/ml CS was added The eluent was evaporated to 0.2 ml with agentle nitrogen flow at ambient temperature. Anusorn Ditsawan

  21. 2 3 1 LLE Combined extract was evaporated to 0.2 ml by a gentle flow of nitrogen gas at ambient temperature as well. Real urine sample of 1 ml + 1 ml of 0.1 M carbonate buffer (pH10.3) Extracted with 2 ml of ethyl acetate three times

  22. Results and Discussion Fig.1. TIC of amphetamines composite standard of 10 mg/ml added with 0.5 mg/ml NIK (chromatographic standard, CS) ,and mass spectra of AMP, MET, MDA, MDMA and NIK. Peaks: 1=AMP, retention time (tR ) 4.37 min; 2=MET, tR 4.73 min; 3=MDA, tR 7.45 min; 4=MDMA, tR 7.69 min; and 5=NIK, tR 8.00 min.

  23. Table 1 : Retentiontimes (tR) and monitored ions of the amphetamines and chromatographic standard (CS) ª : Mass-to-charge ratios inbold were for quantitation

  24. Fig.2. TIC of spiked sample containing 0.5 µg/ml amphetamines. 0.5 µg NIK was added into the eluent prior to evaporation. Peak identification as in Fig.1.

  25. The pH and ion strength of the sample very important factors in SPE • A 6-ml volume of 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 6) was added to 2 ml of sample to achieve proper pH and ion strength • Inadequate dilution of the sample can cause low and non-reproducible recoveries (ex-periment observation)

  26. Fig.3. TICs of blank urine sample by SPE (top) and by LLE (bottom). The numbers shown above some peaks are their retentiontimes.

  27. Fig.4. Recoveries of the amphetamines dependent on the volume of elution solvent.

  28. Compared with traditional SPE • Compared with traditional SPE , disk SPE required less solvents not only in condition in conditioning and washing column but also in desorption of analytes (1–2 ml vs 2–6 ml) • The time needed to perform the SPE with an extraction disk is less than that needed with a classical SPE column from conditioning through desorption of extracts (8min vs 20min) • Care should be taken for disk SPE to prevent the column from running to dry before sample application otherwise air–water interfaces are formed which may affect recovery of analytes.

  29. Fig.5. Calibration curves of amphetamines by SPE–GC–MS.

  30. Table 2 : Linear regression equations and correlation coefficients ªx, Concentration of analyte; y, peak area ratio of analyte to chromatographic standard (CS). Anusorn Ditsawan

  31. Table3: Recoveries and relative standard deviations (RSDs) of SPE ª –,Notdetected

  32. Table4 : Limits of detection (LODs,S/N=3) and limits of quantitation (LOQs, S/N=10) (ng/ml)

  33. Table5 : Amphetamine concentrations in real urine samples by disk SPE–and LLE–GC–MS (µg/ml) ª ND: Notdetectable.

  34. Fig.6. TICs of real urine samples 2 (top) and 5 (bottom). 0.5 µg NIK (chromatographic standard, CS) was added to the eluents prior to evaporation. Peak identification as in Fig.1.

  35. Conclusion • This method was found to be effective and reliable for identification of the amphetamines. • Faster flow-rate and less solvent consumption made this novel disk SPE superior to conventional SPE. • Good recoveries and cleaner • The LODs and LOQs reached the ng/ml level, and LOQs were much less than the cutoffs of routine urine immunoassay. • The results of real urine samples by this method were compatible to those of conventional LLE method. Disk SPE was easy to automate which should be valuable in practical use.

  36. Thank You !

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