The Defense Coordinating Element (DCE) and Defense Support of Civil Authorities Colonel Chris Fulton Defense Coordinating Officer FEMA Region V
The Defense Coordinating Element (DCE) and Defense Support of Civil Authorities • Purpose: Provide information on Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA) emphasizing the process to provide DoD capability to a ‘local’ emergency response • Agenda: • NORTHCOM’s – ARNORTH – DCO linkage for DSCA • DCE Concept • The DSCA ‘Process’ and authorities • Typical DoD DSCA Capabilities
UNCLASSIFIED USNORTHCOM Mission USNORTHCOM conducts homeland defense, civil support, and security cooperation to defend and secure the United States and its interests Principal Focus Areas: Counter Terrorism and Force Protection The Arctic Mexico Missile Defense DSCA Aerospace Warning And Control Maritime Warning And Control: CBRNE Consequence Management
Normally FEMA is the primary Federal Agency that requests a DCO upon a Presidential Disaster Declaration FEMA may request a DCO prior to disaster declaration if special disaster-related circumstances mandate DCO is the single point of contact for DoD support in the disaster area – represents the Secretary of Defense DCO Concept of Operations
DCO/E Locations COL Stanley COL Moore COL Fulton COL Hutson COL McCormick COL Freehill COL Armstrong COL Mathis COL Holmes COL Lehr A permanently assigned Defense Coordinating Officer and Element (DCO/E) in each FEMA region in order to plan, coordinate, and integrate federal Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA) with local, state and federal agencies
DoD Employment Considerations • Local and State civilian resources applied first • DoD resources used only when response is beyond capabilities of civil authorities on a cost reimbursable basis • Only minimum essential resources • No violation of Posse Comitatus Act (no law enforcement) • No competition with private enterprise • Emergency clearance and restoration • Military chain of command • Generally, military operations other than DSCA have priority unless directed by SECDEF
Collocated within FEMA Regional Headquarters Building synergy & habitual relationships with: FEMA staff Other Regional Federal Agency representatives State Emergency Management staff TAG and JFHQ-State staff DoD installation Commanders and Staffs (for potential designation/use as BSI or ISB) Serve as a Subject Matter Expert (SME) for the assigned region Operational Extension for USNORTHCOM/USARNORTH: Situational Awareness Focused DSCA & Homeland Defense responsibilities Reach back for other Regions Management of EPLOs ICW Federal and State representatives: Plan Coordinate Prepare Train Support, when directed Role of the DCO/E (Non-Event)
Represents DoD in the disaster area Validates Action Request Form (ARF) and accepts Mission Assignment (MA) from FCO Controls DoD resources in the disaster area (OPCON of forces for MA, unless a JTF is established) Provides situational awareness to NORTHCOM / DoD agencies Provides link between Lead Federal Agency (LFA) representative and DoD Provides liaison to State, Local and other Federal agencies Provides link to Base Support Installation (BSI) Provides link to Incident Staging Base (ISB) if established at a DoD base Coordinates administrative & logistical support of deployed military forces Maintains accounting records for reimbursement Coordinates requirements with emergency operations center(s) Assists with joint reception, staging, on-ward movement, & integration (JRSOI) of units/personnel Role of the DCO (During an Event)
LOCAL DCO ESFs DOD SPT STATE TO ALL ESF DCE SCO INCIDENT ACTION REQUEST DCO VALIDATES ARF BECOMES MA IF FCO APPROVES COST AND DCO & FC0 “SIGN” FEMA FORM 90-129 FORM (ARF) FCO MISSION ASSIGNMENT FEMA FORM 90 - 129 Request for Assistance (RFA) Resourcing Process Joint Field Office (JFO) * IF ESFs UNABLE TO SUPPORT * * * DCO receives Action Request Form (ARF) & forwards through command channels similar to a Warning Order - planning only, no action. Order * * Info Mission Assignment (MA) comes through from FEMA Coord/Aprv
National Response FrameworkEmergency Support Functions 1 to 15 • The National Response Framework: Emergency Support Functions (ESF) and Coordinator Agency: • 1. Transportation (DOT) • 2. Communications (DHS) • 3. Public Works & Engineering (DOD = USACE) • 4. Firefighting (DOA) • 5. Emergency Management (FEMA) • 6. Mass Care, Housing, and Human Services (DHS) • 7. Resource Support (GSA) • 8. Public Health and Medical Services (DHHS) • 9. Urban Search and Rescue (FEMA) • 10.Oil and Hazardous Materials (EPA) • 11. Agriculture and Natural Resources (DOA) • 12. Energy (DOE) • 13. Public Safety and Security ( DHS/DOJ) • 14. Long-Term Recovery and Mitigation (DHS) • 15. External Affairs (DHS) • Department of Defense (DoD) is the ESF #3 coordinator • USACE is the DoD Agent • Typical Mission Areas: • • Ice • • Water • • Emergency Power • • Temporary Roofing • • Technical Assistance • • Debris Clearance and Removal • • Structural Safety Assessment • • Support ESF#9 Urban Search and Rescue • Temporary Housing Support to ESF #6 • Structural Engineering Support to ESF #9 DoD ‘Supports’ all ESFs
Mission Assignment Process(Bottom Up – Tactical Level) DCO/DCE NORTHCOM Mission Assignment (MA) and Mission Tasking Order DoD Point of Entry NORTHCOM reviews request and submits to JDOMSfor staffing and approval JFCOM Engineer Battalion Joint Staff Joint Staff JFCOM Order FORSCOM Joint Director of Military Support (JDOMS) receives & staffs with: - COCOMS - Services - Defense Agencies - JCS Legal Counsel Asst Sec Def (HD & ASA) - Office of General Counsel Sec Def Approval - Execute Order - Deployment Order • Joint Staff • Approval • - Dep Dir Anti- • Terrorism / HD • - DJ-3 • - Dir of the Joint • Staff Asset (s) deploys and become OPCON to the DCO, DCE serves as higher HQ C2 staff (OPCON to JTF if deployed) Supporting Combatant Command tasked to provide the asset(s) needed (Order Issued)
Typical CapabilitiesFEMA Pre-Scripted Mission Assignments • Air Component Coordination Element (ACCE) • Air Fuel Distribution Points • Strategic Patient Movement Capability (Formerly CASF) • Airborne C2 in support of Emergency Management • Mortuary Affairs • Full Motion Video Capability • Public Affairs Support • Regional/State EPLOs • Air Space Control (Ground) • Activation of DCO / DCE • Rotary Wing Lift (Heavy) • Rotary Wing Lift (Medium) • Tactical Transportation • Strategic Transportation • Commo support First Responders • Commo support 25 User Package • Commo support 75 User Package • Emergency Route Clearance • Aerial Damage Assessment • Prepare Temporary Housing Sites • Mobilization Centers • Operational Staging Areas • Fuel Distribution Points (ground) • Rotary Wing Medical Evacuation • Temporary Medical Facilities Remember: Stafford Act & Presidential Declaration Only Immediate Response Authority available in advance of a declaration to protect life and limb & secure the force
The Defense Coordinating Element (DCE) and Defense Support of Civil Authorities COL Chris Fulton Defense Coordinating Officer FEMA Region V
The Defense Coordinating Element (DCE) and Defense Support of Civil Authorities Back-up Slides
DSCA Authorities • Mutual Aid Agreements • Immediate Response Authority • Stafford Act • Economy Act • Remember – All responses begin and end locally!
Mutual Aid Agreements(Enclosure 2 to DODI 6055.06) • DOD Components are encouraged to enter into reciprocal agreements with local fire protection agencies for fire and emergency services (medical, HAZMAT, and rescue) (F&ES). • Assistance is provided on a reimbursement basis. • In the absence of an agreement, installation commanders are authorized to render F&ES to preserve life and property in the vicinity of the installation when such assistance is in the best interest of the United States and under Immediate Response Authority in DODD 3025.1.
Immediate Response Authority Authorized by DODD 3025.1 DOD assistance to civil agencies may include*: • Search, rescue, evacuation, emergency medical treatment. • Emergency restore essential public services. • Emergency clearance of debris and explosive ordnance. • **Recovery, identification, registration, disposal of the dead in coordination with local medical examiner/coroner. • Monitor and decontaminate radiological, chemical, and biological effects, and control contaminating areas. • Roadway movement control and planning. • Collect and distribute food and essential supplies. • **Damage assessmentto include providingaerial reconnaissance. • Emergency interim communications assistance. • Facilitate reestablishment of governmental functions. • Other actions to save lives, prevent suffering, mitigate great property damage. *NOTE: Underlined items are also listed in the Stafford Act. ** Subject to DOD policy guidance.
DSCA Stafford Act Response Federal resources to supplement state and local disaster relief and recovery Mayor/County Executive Governor Emergency/Disaster Local First Responders Immediate Response President Primary Federal Agency DHS FEMA DOD Responds (when directed) Request DOD Support Disaster Field Operations SECDEF authorizes DOD support Local State Federal FEMA Region DCE DCE Joint Field Office w/Emergency Support Functions
DSCA Economy Act Response One Federal agency supporting another Mayor/County Executive Governor Local First Responders Emergency/Disaster Immediate Response President Primary Federal Agency Request DOD Support Example: Department of Transportation DOD Responds (when directed) Disaster Field Operations DCE SECDEF authorizes DOD support Local State Federal Emergency Support Functions Local ICS Provides Unified Coordination of Response Resources
Role of the EPLO Day-to-Day Operations During an Event • Provide liaison between service and state and federal agencies • Brief DOD Installation commanders regarding DSCA mission • Participate in disaster planning and response exercises in state or region • Maintain awareness of: • State or regional plans • State National Guard capabilities and limitations • Key assets (local, state, federal) • Geography and transportation systems • Hazards: natural & man-made • DOD installations and assets • Deploy as directed by Service/ NORTHCOM: • Regional Response Coordination Centers (RRCCs) • State EOCs • JFOs • Other locations as required • Assist with validation of mission assignments • Provide subject matter expertise and liaison regarding service capabilities/ viability • Provide situational awareness for DOD and service component • Provide service-specific expertise for DCO/DCE and other agencies
DCE Disaster CapabilityAugmenting the DCE DCO Increase the size and capability of the DCE when activated for a disaster. Becomes the Defense Coordinating Unit (DCU) Deputy Day to Day Operations Disaster Operations Ops Offs DSCA Planner Signal NCO 7- Personnel 25- Personnel DCO Legal DCE Public Affairs Admin/Log Operations Signal Aviation Engineer Medical • Augmentees provided by: • Service EPLOs • US Army North • Requests for Forces (RFFs) Resource Mgt Modular in design, tailorable in execution
DCO Strategy Engagement Capability/Capacity • Other Federal Agencies • FEMA • FBI • Dept of Energy • Government services • Health/ Human Services • US Coast Guard • DoD • National Logistics Staging Areas (NLSAs) • Regional Reserve Commanders • USACE District Commander • State • SEMA Director/EOC • State HLS Advisor • Adjutant General/JFHQ • DOMS • Senior Regular Army • Advisor Guard • Civil Support Team Commanders • Equipment • Personnel • Training • Certification • Accountability • Exercises Priorities 1. Operational Readiness 2. Regional/City Engagement 3. Strategic Communications
DCE Communications Capability • Emergency Response Vehicle (ERV) • Capabilities: • Support 10-20 Personnel • 10 SIPR & 10 NIPR Data Terminals • 10 Voice (2 secure capable) • SATCOM reach back • Blue Force Tracker • Limited on the move communications • Secure and Non-secure VTC • Interoperability with 4 various radio networks (first responders) via ACU1000 FLY-AWAY PACKAGE Secure “QSec-2700” Phone (2) Iridium Phone (2) For mobile, secure calls via satellite STE (2) For secure voice or data via landline Mobile VTC (1) For voice, data, or VTC Via commercial satellite BGAN (1) for voice or data via commercial satellite or ISDN line Blackberry (6) for voice and Data (as needed) NIPRNET (6) Laptop SIPRNET (2) PSC-5 (1) For secure radio to NORTHCOM and TFS via Satellite
Responding to Events in the Region Operations: Interstate 35-West bridge collapse in Minneapolis, MN response 2007 DCO/E, REPLO Team, IL, IN, WI SEPLOs activated due to severe storms/flooding in Jun 2008 Supported the USSS during the Republican National Convention in St. Paul, MN Deployed to Baton Rouge, LA supporting recovery ops for Hurricanes Gustav and Ike Red River Flood Response Planning: Participate in New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) Workshops and TTXs throughout the year in Illinois and Indiana Participate in Region C Pandemic Influenza Planning Confs and TTXs Immediate response ops, Columbus, IN flooding RNC Convention floor, St. Paul, MN Air Force Reserve C-130 Aerial Spraying in Louisiana MDSU-2 Diver I-35W MN Bridge collapse
Highlights Going Forward Pandemic Influenza Planning DCE Certification Exercise (CERTEX) with NMSZ focus Preparing for NLE 11 (May/June 2011) Immediate response ops, Columbus, IN flooding RNC Convention floor, St. Paul, MN Air Force Reserve C-130 Aerial Spraying in Louisiana MDSU-2 Diver I-35W MN Bridge collapse
The Defense Coordinating Element (DCE) and Defense Support of Civil Authorities QUESTIONS?
CBRNE Consequence Management Response Force (CCMRF) Concept of Operations “Domestic security of the American people is not simply a mission requirement co-equal with overseas war fighting, it is the primary mission of the Department of Defense and superior in its importance, when compared to all other missions.” (Secretary Gates)
CCMRF Purpose The CBRNE Consequence Management Response Force (CCMRF) is a trained and equipped task force assigned to USNORTHCOM to provide a rapid response capability as part of the Federal response to a catastrophic CBRNE event. • Deploys when requested through local, State, federal authorities • CCMRF is always in support of • the local authorities
UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO CERFP CBIRF … CST Military CBRNE Response Forces (U) State Response CBRNE Consequence Management Response Force (T10 Joint) Federal Response XX Chemical Biological Incident Response Force (USMC) Joint National Guard CBRNE Enhanced Response Force Package CCMRF Civil Support Team (National Guard) - 2500- 4500 personnel - HQ/JTF-CS - C2 - TF Operations - Decon/Security - TF Medical - Triage/Treat/Care - TF Aviation - 450-500 personnel - Detection/Identification - Casualty Search/Rescue - Decontamination - Emergency Medical Care - Force Protection - 190 personnel - Casualty Search/Rescue - Decontamination - Emergency Medical Care - Force Protection (NG QRF/RRFs) - 22 personnel - Detect/identification - Gov First Responder State National Guard Title 10 Force 34 UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO USMC-Title 10
CCMRF Organization HQ TROOPS PROVIDE COMMS ARCHITECTURE FOR JOA TO THE JTF AND FORCES JTF- CS • CONDUCT CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT OPNs • COORDINATE AND EXECUTE OPERATIONAL PLANS • CONDUCT TACTICAL MISSION PLANNING / EXECUTION / RESOURCE ALLOCATION • SYNCHRONIZE UNITY OF EFFORT TACTICAL PLANNING AND C2 OF TACTICAL FORCES TACTICAL EXECUTION TF OPERATIONS CONDUCT GROUND MOBILITY OPNs (TRANS) LOG OPNs ISO MSN ASSIGNMENTS / FORCE DOD SITE SECURITY SPT DECON OPNs (PERSONNEL) ENGINEER OPNs (CONSTRUCTION) MORTUARY AFFAIRS TF MEDICAL ESTABLISH CASUALTY COLLECT POINTS COORD PATIENT MOVEMENT CONDUCT TRIAGE AND TREATMENT OPNs LVL I-III HSS TO JTF AND SUBORDINATES MED AUG TO FACILITIES SANITATION OPNs MEDICAL LOG SPT VETERINARY CARE EPIDEMIOLOGY SPT TF AVIATION AERIAL RECON CASEVAC MEDEVAC SPT TO SAR TRANS SPT TECHNICAL FORCES HAZARD / SURVEY MONITORING TECHNICAL EXTRACTION DECON (CIVILIAN / MIL) Actual employment will be organized based on Mission Analysis and assessment by the JTF CDR
Some Specialized CCMRF Assets • CBIRF IRF Chemical Biological Incident Response Force (Marines/Navy) • CHEM Co (Decon) Chemical Company Decontamination (Army) • CHEM Plt (Recon) Chemical Platoon Reconnaissance (Army) • CHEM Plt (BIDS) Chemical Platoon Biological Integrated Detection System (Army) • NBC Bio Det TM NBC Biological Detection Team (Air Force) • CBRNE CE CBRNE Coordination Element (Army) • AFRAT Air Force Radiological Assessment Team (Air Force) • DTRA CMAT Defense Threat Reduction Agency Consequence Management Advisory Team (DOD)
What’s Important To Remember about CCMRF • CCMRF assists with a catastrophic CBRNE event in the U.S. as part of the Federal response in support of state/local authorities. • CCMRF is part of a tiered response which is tailorable and scalable to the event. • CCMRF is trained and equipped to provide rapid response capability following a catastrophic event.