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African Trade

African Trade

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African Trade

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  1. African Trade The Growth of a Continent

  2. Trade Routes • Many trade routes crossed Africa in order to connect villages with the supply of various goods • Two Major Trade Networks • Trans-Saharan Trade • Indian Ocean Trade

  3. Trans-Saharan Trade • Crossed the Sahara Desert • Connected North Africa, Europe, and West Africa • Controlled by Ghana, Mali, and Songhai • Caravans as large as 10,000 crossed the desert

  4. Trans-Saharan Trade • Goods • From South: Gold, Ivory, Slaves, Spices • From North: Salt, Cloth, Metal Ware • Significance • Aided the rise of African Empires and Kingdoms in West Africa • Spread Islam through West Africa

  5. Shift in Trade • War broke out in West Africa • Caused trade routes to shift eastward • Swahili city-states emerged in response to economic opportunities • Other empires faded when the trade routes shifted

  6. Culture and Trade • Culture was effected by trade too • Islam & Christianity were brought in • Mediterranean cultures effected the area due to Trans-Saharan trade

  7. Gold & Salt Trade • Used Trans-Saharan routes • Niger River used as water and rest stop • Mali/Ghana/Songhai benefitted greatly • Gold was needed in the north so that people could use it as money • Salt was needed in the west so that people could add flavor to their food, or preserve it

  8. Indian Ocean Trade • Many countries traded with Africa through the Indian Ocean Trade Network • Not all routes were water based

  9. Indian Ocean Trade • Goods • From Africa: Ivory, Slaves, Gold, Iron • From China: Porcelain • From Burma: Pottery • From India: Cloth

  10. Indian Ocean Trade • Routes • Major route between East Africa & Asia • Made possible by action of monsoons • Dec-Feb: Wind blew north-northeast • Apr-Sept: Wind blew south-southwest • Traded with China through intermediary merchants until direct trade began (1400s)

  11. Indian Ocean Trade • Significance • Brought prosperity to East Africa • Set stage for rise of trading cities (Sofala & Kilwa) • Caused creation of Swahili – Mix of Arabic and Bantu languages • Brought Islam to coastal Bantu speakers