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Photo 1 website: boston/bigpicture/2009/08/hiroshima_64_years_ago.html

Photo 1 website: boston/bigpicture/2009/08/hiroshima_64_years_ago.html

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Photo 1 website: boston/bigpicture/2009/08/hiroshima_64_years_ago.html

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  1. Photo 1 website: http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/08/hiroshima_64_years_ago.html • Photo 2 website: http://www.gensuikin.org/english/photo.html

  2. Why did this happen?

  3. Japan After World War II

  4. Enduring Understandings • Conflict and Change: When there is conflict between or within societies, change is the result. 2. Time, Continuity, & Change: While change occurs over time, there is continuity to the basic structure of society

  5. Georgia Performance Standards SS7H3 The student will analyze continuity and change in Southern and Eastern Asia leading to the 21st century. c. Explain the role of the United States in the rebuilding of Japan after World War II

  6. Japan before WWII • Japan was considered the strongest country in Asia after defeating China in 1895 and Russia in 1905. The Japanese colonized Korea, Taiwan, Manchuria and islands in the Pacific. In the treaty of Versailles, Japan was given the Shangdong province of China, expanding its empire. • In 1937 Japan invaded China. • Japan also developed ties with Italy and Germany. • Then on December 7, 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, bringing the U.S. into WWII.

  7. Using your yellow workbook pg. 172, answer the questions on the sheet that I will give you, front and back. You will have 15 minutes to complete. You will have a chance to check your answers, so do your best independently

  8. Questions 1-3 • Japan dropped bombs on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. • The United States declared war on Japan and entered World War II. • The U.S. dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan.

  9. Pearl Harbor Bombing- 1941

  10. Facts about the Dropping of the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima ---YOU DON’T NEED TO WRITE THIS DOWN! • On August 6, 1945, the U.S. dropped an Atomic Bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan. • 60,000-80,000 people died as a direct result of the bomb blast. • About 100 square miles of the city was completely destroyed. • Over the next 10 years, 40,000 people died as a result of injuries from the bomb or radiation poisoning. • On August 7, 1945, the U.S. demanded Japan surrender immediately and unconditionally. • On August 9, 1945, the U.S. dropped a second Atomic Bomb on Nagasaki, Japan.

  11. Nagasaki & Hiroshima Bombings in Japan

  12. The End of World War II • After the war Japan’s economy and government were a mess and cities were destroyed. • Transportation and industry (infrastructure) were damaged. • Many people were homeless and unemployed and there were also massive food shortages.

  13. The End of World War II • The United States also occupied the territory after the war from 1945- 1952. • The USA helped Japan rebuild after WWII ended. We helped their citizens and government get back on track. • The U.S. wanted to rebuild the country and its government.

  14. General MacArthur General MacArthur was the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces and his job was to oversee the rebuilding of Japan.

  15. 3 Things General MacArthur did to help rebuild Japan (#6) • He disbanded the military and closed weapons factories (and they cannot rebuild their military) • He tried and punished Japanese military and government leaders • And he established a constitutional monarchy (which created a new constitution and took all political power from the Emperor, making him only a symbol of the country. )

  16. Other things Japan had to do after the war: • They had to give up control of the Koreas and other territory they had taken over • Japan cannot attack another country unless they are attacked first.

  17. Answers to #7 and #8 • Constitutional Monarchy (democratic—people have a large role in the government) • Agreement that prohibits the use of nuclear weapons and military attacks against Japanese without the knowledge of Japanese government.

  18. The End of US Occupation The San Francisco Peace Treaty went into effect on April 28, 1952, and officially marked the end of US occupation in Japan. The US still has functional army bases in Japan to this day.

  19. Benefits of US Occupation • A new constitution granted Japanese citizens basic civil rights • Because of western influence women were given more rights in Japanese society. • Education increased (they have a 99% literacy rate today) • They were able to build new and improved factories (helping them become a technological powerhouse today)