Marc Chagall • 1887-1985 • Fauvism • Born in Russia. He was a Jewish painter. Started painting in 1906. In 1907 he went to St. Petersburg and joined the School of the Society of Art Supporters. He later moved to Paris. In 1960 he made stained glass windows for a synagogue in Israel. He painted a lot from Russian folk and his Jewish heritage. His paintings can sell today for 6 million dollars. • “One fine day (but all days are fine!) as my mother was putting the bread in the oven, I went up to her and taking her by her flour-smeared elbow I said to her, Mama I want to be a painter.” -Marc Chagall
Albert Marquet 1875-1947 Fauvism Albert Marquet was born in Bordeax. He mainly painted portraits and landscapes. He liked to paint Paris ports and bridges. Starting after 1925 he enjoyed using watercolors. Over his career he became internationally known. Because of his shyness he didn’t accept awards or offers and liked to stay out of the spotlight.
Charles Camoin • 1879-1965 • Fauvism • Charles Camoin attended Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris. He was in the original group of Fauves. His workwasshown in the Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris in addition to the Centre Georges Pompidou and many of the French regional museums. In 1955 he was awarded the Prix du President de la Rupublique at the Biennale of Menton.
Georges Braque • 1882-1963 • Fauvism • Georges Braque was a painter and sculptor. He helped invent cubism. In 1890 he went to Ecole des Beaux-Arts. From 1902 to 1904, he painted at the AcadémieHumbert in Paris. He served as a soldier in WWI. Near his death he became ill, but that did not stop him from painting. • “Painting is a nail to which I fasten my ideas.” –Georges Braque
Edward Hopper • 1882-1967 • Realism • Born in New York. He went to the New York school of art and he studied commercial art and painting. His art was influenced by Robert Henri and the French art scene. When he was 42 he became successful by using watercolors in his New England towns paintings. He was good at portraying a mood in his paintings. • “If you could say it in words there would be no reason to paint.” –Edward Hopper
Henri Fantin-Latour • 1836-1904 • Realism • Henri was born in Grenoble, France. His father was a painter and an art teacher. At a young age he attended Ecole des Beaux-Arts School. He was most known for his flower pieces. He was awarded the Legion d’Honneur medal by the French Government. • “I share none of these ideas and I say that art has nothing to do with politics.” –Henri Fantin-Latour
Diego Rivera • 1886-1957 • Realism • Mexican painter and muralist. He went to France to work with other artists. In 1920 he went back to Mexico. He became famous for murals that portrayed Mexican life and history. At age 43 he married Frida Kahlo. • “Only the work of art itself can raise the standard of taste.” –Diego Rivera
Pierre Bonard • 1867-1947 • Impressionism • In 1886 studied at the University of Paris to study law. A year later he took a course at Academe Julien. In 1890 he created color lithographs. He went from environmental naturalism, to impressionism to a style of abstract art. His favorite things to paint were lush French landscapes. “Draw your pleasure, paint your pleasure, and express your pleasure strongly.” -Pierre Bonard
Berthe Morisot • 1841-1895 • Impressionism • She demonstrated possibilities for women artists. In 1864 her paintings were accepted to the Salon de Paris and she continued to show her work there regularly until 1874. Today, her paintings sell for more than 4 million dollars. • “Real painters understand with a brush in their hand.” • –Berthe Morisot
Johan Jongkind • 1819-1891 • Impressionism • Born in the Netherlands. He trained at the art academy in the Hague. In 1846 he moved to Paris. He showed his work in the Paris Salon. He was friends with Claude Monet.
Camille Pissaro • 1830-1903 • Impressionism • He was born in St. Thomas (U.S. Virgin Islands). He was a Sephardic Jew. His first serious artistic influence was a Danish painter named Fritz Melbye. In 1855 Pissaro moved to Paris. He showed his art at the Salon des Refuses. He taught art to young students in Pontoise, France. • “Blessed are they who see beautiful things in humble places where other people see nothing.” –Camille Pissaro
Edgar Degas • 1834-1917 • Realism • Born in Paris, his father encouraged him to begin art. From 1845-1852 he attended Lycee Louis-le-Grand. In 1859 he opened a studio in Paris. In 1860 he began to get inspiration from theater. In the 1880s he started to sculpt and use pastels. He made more than 2,000 oil paintings and pastels and 150 sculptures. Today his paintings can sell for more than 16 million U.S. dollars. • “Art is not what you see, it’s what you make others see.” -Edgar Degas
Kees Van Dongen • 1877-1968 • Fauvism • Born in the Netherlands. In 1892 he started studying at the Academy of Fine Arts in Rotterdam. He moved to Paris in 1897. He took part in the exhibition Salon d’Automne in 1905. He liked to use flashy bright colors when painting.
Armand Guillaumin • 1847-1927 • Impressionism • Born in Paris. In 1861 he attended Academie Suisse. His art was influenced by Paul Cezanne and Camille Pissarro. He exhibited in the Salon des Refuses. He is best known for his landscapes of Paris, the Creuse département, and the area around Les Adrets-de-l'Estérel and the bright colors he uses in his paintings.
Rosa Bonheur • 1822-1899 • Realism • She was a French painter and sculptor. She was taught to paint by her father, because women couldn’t attend art school at the time. Her specialty was animals. Rosa was an early feminist and she wore men’s clothing.
Joan Miro • 1893-1983 • Fauvism • Joan Miro was a painter, sculptor and ceramist. He was born in Spain. He moved to Paris in 1920. He won the Venice Biennale printmaking prize in 1980. He also received the Gold Medal of Fine Arts from King Juan Carlos of Spain. He produced hundreds of ceramics and temporary window paintings on glass. His paintings sell today for between 25 hundred thousand and 8 million dollars. • “I try to apply colors like words that shape poems, like notes that shape music.” -Joan Miro
Pierre-Auguste Renoir • 1841-1919 • Impressionism • He was born in France. In 1862 he studied art in Paris. His paintings were influenced by Eugene Delacroix and Monet. He made several thousand paintings. In 1919 he went to the Louvre to see his paintings hung with other famous paintings. Two of his paintings have sold for more than 70 million dollars. • “The work of art must seize upon you, wrap you up in itself and carry you away. It is the means by which the artist conveys his passion. It is the current which he puts forth, which sweeps you along in his passion.” –Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Edouard Manet • 1832-1883 • Realism • Born in Paris. From 1850-1856 he studied with Thomas Couture. Manet painted many everyday objects. In 1881 he was awarded the Legion of Honor by the French Government. • “A painter can say all he wants to with fruit or flowers or even clouds.” –Edouard Manet
Maurice de Vlaminck • 1876-1958 • Fauvism • He was born in Paris. He was a musician then a bicyclist then a soldier. His paintings were influenced by Vincent Van Gough. He often used this paint squeezed directly from the tube, making pure, intense colors. In 1905 he presented art at the Salon d’Automn. • “Good painting is like good cooking; it can be tasted, but not explained.” –Maurice de Vlaminck
Frederic Bazille • 1841-1870 • Impressionism • Born in Montpellier. He began studying medicine in 1862. Then he met Pierre Auguste Renoir and began impressionistic paintings. He helped support his friends by giving them space and materials. He was 23 when he started painting some of his most famous pieces.
Bibliography • We got all of our information from this amazing website: • http://www.artinthepicture.com/ • It is better than Facebook!!! • We actually enjoyed this assignment, and learned a lot.