Biblical Church History Following the Hand of God and the Hand of Satan
Pergamos Revelation 2:8-11 c.325-500 A.D. “Much Marriage”
(Rev 2:12) And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;
Pergamos H • In this world of Christianity when it comes to the study of the bible we here words like “in the best manuscripts” or “the oldest manuscripts” or “the most reliable manuscripts” • Then the question arises what manuscripts are they talking about where did they come from?
Autographs • This is the term to refer to the original hand written letters and prophecies of the writers such as Moses, Paul, Peter, etc. None of these autographs exist today. • Manuscripts • This term refers to handwritten copies of the autographs. They were accentually the Bible of that day. There are 5,309 surviving Greek manuscripts that contain all or part of the New Testament. These manuscripts agree together 95% of the time. • Text • This is a term referring to a printed or published copy of the manuscripts. • Codex • This term refers to a document that is bound to the left as you view it from the front. (Manuscripts were mainly written on scrolls)
In 1516 Erasmus compiled, edited, and printed the Greek "TextusReceptus" (received text). This is the text that the Protestants of the Reformation knew to be the Word of God (inerrant and infallible). The King James Bible was translated from the "TextusReceptus." • This Text was derived from the manuscripts that were used and received of that day. They can be traced back to a translation called the “Italic” of A.D. 157” ( 61 years after John on Patmos)
CRITICAL TEXT • These manuscripts represent the corrupted copies of the Bible, also known as the Alexandrian manuscripts. These manuscripts, many times, do not even agree with each other. The Vaticanus and Sinaiticus manuscripts are part of this group. These are the manuscripts on which Westcott and Hort and the modern versions rely so heavily.
CRITICAL TEXT • The modern critical text was popularized in 1881 when B.F. Westcott and F. J. A. Hort released their Greek New Testament witch was built on the Vaticanus and Sinaiticus manuscripts
Pergamos H • This manuscript was found by a German liberal that study older manuscripts named Tischendorf. He found this in a Monastery on Mount Sinai in 1844. He was not able to fully receive it 1862
Pergamos H • This manuscript was found in the library of the Vatican in 1473 by Jesuit Priests • During the mid nineteen century Tischendorf became aware of an ancient manuscript in the Vatican library. This later became known as the Vaticanus
Pergamos H • All modern Bibles can trace back to Eusebius. • Basic things to know concerning Eusebius. (260-339 A.D.) • He was born in Caesarea, and educated at Antioch and Caesarea, and the “Christian” School founding there by Origin and at that time being run by Pamphilus. • He is revered by virtually every scholar as the Father of Church History. (Actually, he records the history of the counterfeit church—the Roman Catholic Church.)
Pergamos H • He is called the Bishop of Caesarea, Palestine. • He gives no indication by personal testimony, or his “interpretation” of history that he was ever genuinely saved. • In fact, he called the cross a “saving symbol” • Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, Vol 1 section 31
Pergamos H • Eusebius’ writing concerning the life of Constantine: • The standard work on the life and death of the emperor Constantine was written in Eusebius’ Ecclesiastical History. It is called “The Life of Constantine” • “The Life of Constantine” is almost like reading a biography of God!
Pergamos H • Eusebius wrote, • The blessed Constantine was the only mortal man who continued to reign after his death. He was the only man in history whom God had so rewarded. He was the only monarch who in all his deeds had honored Almighty God and Christ. God made clear to all who do not lack intelligence that the soul of Constantine would enjoy an ageless and endless reign. • Luibheld, 213
Pergamos H • Eusebius writes these things despite what Constantine actually believed. Some of Constantine's beliefs: • Being sprinkled with water confers immortality, and is “the seal which gives salvation.” • Luibheld, 211 • Constantine himself, however, was not “sprinkled” (i.e. “baptized”) until 1 week before his death. • Constantine said he “deserved immortal life” • Luibheld, 212
Pergamos H • Eusebius writing concerning Constantine's death: • The “bath and the market places were closed”, and those who had lived “amid luxury before now walked the streets in glum.” 214 • The spearmen and the bodyguards threw themselves on the ground tearing their garments and beating their heads while screaming at the top of their lungs.” • Eusebius, IV section 65
Pergamos H • People ran around the city wailing and shouting and mourning for the death of their protector and “savior” 213 • Constantine’s corpse was placed in a gold coffin and then placed between 12 coffins representing the 12 apostles. 210-213
Pergamos H • Eusebius writes that the 13 coffins were put on a “high place”, and Constantine’s coffin was “ringed with golden candlelight and was a marvel to those who saw it, a marvel such as no man under the sun had ever beheld on earth since the world itself began. Eusebius, IV, section 66 • Constantine endows Eusebius with imperial authority and finances to produce 50 Bibles, that were to be placed in all the provincial capitals.
Pergamos H • Eusebius, now named “Eusebius Pamphili” in honor of his now deceased mentor (Pamphilus), goes to the library of Pamphilus where he led a team of copyist to fulfill the Emperor’s order • William P. Grady, Final Authority, 110
Pamphilus’ connection to Origen
Pergamos H • When Origen was excommunicated from Alexandria, he fled to Caesarea, • where he founded a “Palestinian Extension” of his catechetical school in Alexandria. • Before his death, Origen bequeathed both his library and the institutions leadership to his favorite student, Pamphilus (c. 240-309 A.D.)
Pergamos H • A brief synopsis of his beliefs: • He was steeped in the philosophy of Plato • He did not believe Genesis 1-3 was literal • He believed in the allegorical method of interpretation of the Bible • He didn’t believe Christ was God, but a Sub god • He didn’t believe in salvation by grace, but by works • He believed in baptismal regeneration
Pergamos H • He didn’t believe in hell, but believed in purgatory • He believed in universal salvation, including the devil • He denied the bodily resurrection • He denied the millennial kingdom • He believed in the preexistence of the human soul • He believed that stars were beings, and that Jesus died for the stars
Pergamos H • Origen frequently “corrected” the text of the New Testament by a process referred to by textual critics as “conjectural emendation” (Which basically means, “change the text to what you think it should be” • It’s believed by conservative and liberal scholars alike that the Codex Sinaiticus and the Codex Vaticanus are 2 of the original 50 copies of Eusebius’ Bible. • H.L. Wilmington, The Manuscript From Outer Space, 69
(Joh 1:18) No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.
John 1:18 18No one has seen God at any time; the only begotten God who is in the bosom of the Father, He has explained Him.
(1Ti 3:16) And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
1Tim 3:16 By common confession, great is the mystery of godliness: He who was revealed in the flesh, was vindicated in the Spirit, seen by angels, proclaimed among the nations believed on in the world, taken up in glory
1Tim 3:16 Beyond all question, the mystery of godliness is great: He appeared in a body,was vindicated by the Spirit, was seen by angels, was preached among the nations, was believed on in the world, was taken up in glory
(Mic 5:2) But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.
Micah 5:2 But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, are only a small village in Judah. Yet a ruler of Israel will come from you, one whose origins are from the distant past.
(Luk 2:33) And Joseph and his mother marvelled at those things which were spoken of him.
Luke 2:33 And His father and mother were amazed at the things which were being said about Him.
Luke 2:33 The child's father and mother marveled at what was said about him.
(Isa 7:14) Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Isa 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Look, the young woman is with child and shall bear a son, and shall name him Immanuel.