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D.L. Nagy

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D.L. Nagy

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  1. Programme Advisory Committee for Condensed Matter Physics (45th meeting, 19–20 January 2017) D.L. Nagy

  2. Agenda of the PAC meeting • Highlights ofthe 45th PAC-CMP meeting: • Development of a concept for JINR’s new neutron source • IBR-2 scientific and technological review for 2016 • Reports on themes and projects

  3. Development of a concept for JINR’snew neutron source V.L. Aksenov “A 15-year forward look at neutronfacilities at JINR” The scientific rationale for an idea to develop a new neutron source for JINR.  Research Programme  World Neutron Landscape  Concepts of a Future Facility

  4. Scientific opportunities with high neutron flux Condensed Matter Physics, Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics Primary and tertiary structures Intramolecular dynamics Bioenergetics of a cell Biomedicine and pharmacology Structure and dynamics of soft and biological systems with high flux and polarized neutrons Crystal and magnetic structure with high resolution and real-time diffraction at high pressure and magnetic fields Newfunctional materials Beyond the Standard Model New Physics New aspects of quantum mechanics Neutron-antineutron oscillations Dark matter and dark energy with UCN NewQuantum phenomena with neutrons Neutron-rich nuclei at isotope separator on-line system with neutrons, fission Nuclear “Standard Model” Radiobiology, medicine Irradiation, isotopes V.L. Aksenov

  5. World Neutron Landscape European LargestNeutronCenters 2015 RISØ Geesthacht Berlin DUBNA ISIS Jülich Saclay Munich Budapest PSI Grenoble Original design by Th.Brückel

  6. PossibleNeutronScenariofor Europe after 2032 ESS PIK ISIS MLZ SINQ Original design by Th.Brückel

  7. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute of the NRC “Kurchatov Institute” Neutron facilities to be commissioned in the near future Reactor complex PIK Energy start up: 2018 First 12 exp. stations: 2019 Central part of the reactor complex PIK (2014)

  8. Neutron facilities to be commissioned in the near future First neutrons: 2019 Experiments: 2023

  9. Possible conceptsof a new neutron source

  10. PULSED Np-REACTOR (“NEPTUN”) Ni water drive 50 cm water Computer model cavity Be (Ni) Np-core 50 cm E.P.Shabalin, G.G.Kamyshev, A.D. Rogov (2016) to be publ.

  11. Cascade Booster Razmnozhitel (multiplier) proton accelerator neutron generating target + subcritical assembly COBRA NICA Complex Variants for Accelerator: a) NICA: Nuclotron + Booster b) New SC Linear Accelerator (Dolya S.N. (2015) JINR P9-2015-90) Target Station Aksenov V.L., Balagurov A.M., PepelyshevYu.N., Rogov A.D. (2016) JINR P13-2016-49

  12. Dubna Neutron Source of forth generation (DNS-IV)vs. other sources 130 DNS-IV 15 MW Flux density, peak Brightness, peak  1014 Flux density, time aver. IBR-29 0.1 58 10 MEu ESS8 2 75 2000 MEu PIK2 10 10 200 MEu DNS-IV 130 3 800 100600 MEu Single-pulse source brightness as a function of time at wavelenght of 1.5 A at ESS, ILL, SNS, J-PARC and ISIS Target Stations 1 and 2. In each case, the thermal moderator with the highest peak brightness shown. (Source: ESS) Shabalin E.P., Rogov A.D., Komyshev G.G., Ananiev V.D., Aksenov V.L. (2016) JINR P3-2016-90

  13. Since the construction of a neutron source takes significant time, the PAC finds it timely to consider a proposal for a new facility at the moment. • At the same time, the PAC notes the urgency of addressing a number of issues such as • mobilizing a large scientific community for the development of a new source; • considering complementarity and competitiveness with other neutron sources to be available after 2032 both in Russia and elsewhere in Europe; • clarifying ideas on the instruments and novel technologies to be usedat the new source; • identifying the relevant user community both at JINR and outside.

  14. Recommendations Recommendation 1.The PAC believes that a comprehensive analysis of approaches to the idea of constructing a new neutron source at JINR in place of the IBR-2 reactor after the completion of its operation after 2032 is an important and urgent task, and recommends that the FLNP Directorate start preparation of a proposal for considering the development of a new neutron facility to be presented at the next meeting of this PAC. Recommendation 2. The PAC also recommends that a proposal for the development of a new neutron facility be submitted to the Committee for Long-Term Strategy Planning being currently established at JINR.

  15. IBR-2 scientific and technologicalreview for 2016 D. Kozlenko • The PAC was informed about the main scientific results in the field of condensed matter research and instrumentation developments at the IBR-2 facility obtained in 2016. • The PAC appreciates the high scientific level of the results achieved at IBR-2 instruments and their interdisciplinary character. The upgrade of the IBR-2 instrumentation will increase the quality and level of forthcoming research, extend research areas and provide more attractive conditions for the IBR-2 user community.

  16. The priority directions of scientific research • Physics and chemistry of novel functional materials; • Physics of nanosystems and nanoscale phenomena; • Physics and Chemistry of Complex Liquids and Polymers; • Molecular Biology and Pharmacology; • Materials and Engineering Sciences.

  17. FLNP User Programme at IBR-2 instruments 2014 – 163 proposals; 150 accepted; 17 countries; 59visiting users from 12 countries 2015 – 197 proposals; 174 accepted; 19 countries; 67 visiting users from 14countries 2016 – 238 proposals; 208 accepted; 19 countries; 102 visiting users from 11 countries 2014 2015 2016 3.7% 26% 47% 5.5% 6.7% 9.8%

  18. FLNP User Programme at IBR-2 instruments Scientific article outcome of IBR-2 spectrometer complex (2014-2016) Number of articles per year (including published and submitted) Statistics of articles per instrument (only published ones are analyzed)

  19. Recommendations on themes and projects Methods, Algorithms and Software for Modeling Physical Systems, Mathematical Processing and Analysis of Experimental Data Gh. Adam The scientific merits of the theme are determined by carrying out advanced research in the field of computational mathematics and computational physics aimed at the development of new mathematical methods, algorithms, and software for addressing the various topics of JINR experimental and theoretical studies by using the newest computational tools, primarily the heterogeneous cluster HybriLIT.

  20. Methods, Algorithms and Software for Modeling Physical Systems, Mathematical Processing and Analysis of Experimental Data YuMO Automation of on-line data storageon modernized YuMO spectrometer Sixth order BEM data smoothing IBR-2Mstarting process Real-Time Visualization and Analysis of Neutron Diffraction Data 2D data obtained with HRFD-diffractometer Packages MAPS and SPEVA were developed for preliminary analysis and final mathematical processing of large neutron diffraction data got in studies of transition processes in crystals. An instance: Structural phase transition between cubic (in red) and tetragonal (in blue) phases resolved in the diffraction spectrum of CuFe2O4 at the temperature T= 420 0C

  21. Methods, Algorithms and Software for Modeling Physical Systems, Mathematical Processing and Analysis of Experimental Data Specific tasks of theme (2017-2019) 1. Mathematical and computation methods for simulation of complex physical systems 2. Software complexes and mathematical methods for processing and analysis of experimental data 3. Numerical methods, algorithms and software computationally adapted to multicore and hybrid architectures 4. Methods, algorithms and software of computer algebra Recommendation. The PAC considers the proposal to be well formulated and recommends extension of the theme for three years until the end of 2019.

  22. Organization, Support and Development of the JINR Educational Programme S. Pakuliak • The PAC heard a progress report which reviews the activityof the JINR University Centre (UC) during 2014–2016. • The PAC appreciates the efforts of the UC staff in conducting various programmes to train specialists and future scientistsfor JINR and research centres of the Member States. • It also welcomes the launching of new programmes for students, physics teachers and pupils, outlined in the report. Since 2013-2014955 students and PhDs from the following countrieswere trained at JINR International scientific schools for physics teachers Interschool physics and mathematics open classroom

  23. Concluding project “Development of modern education programmes” Yu. Panebrattsev The PAC notes the results of the past three years, which include, in particular, the development of real and virtual training laboratories for students and pupils enablingto implement educational programmes on optical and microscopy methods, particleand nuclear physics, accelerator technology, etc. • Multimedia interactive modules of basic JINR facilities • Virtual Laboratories

  24. New project “Development of an open educational environment to support research priorities in nuclear physics” Yu. Panebrattsev Project goals • Attracting talented young people and highly qualified specialists to JINR • Using modern educational technologies to train specialists intended to work at JINR • Implementing results obtained at JINR in the educational process in JINR Member States • Building brand awareness of JINR and the NICA project for a wider audience • Develop educational content at the level of the leading research centers • Recommendation • Following the successful implementation of the concluding project the PAC recommends its closure and opening a new project renamed as “Development of an open educational environment to support research priorities in materials science and structure of matter”.

  25. Scientific meetings, schools and training courses • International Workshop “Biophysics and Materials at NICA”(12–13 December 2016, Dubna)O. Belov • III International Conference on Small Angle Scattering Dedicatedto the 80th Anniversary of Yu. Ostanevich (6–9 June 2016, Dubna)A. Kuklin • 7th International Scientific School for Young Scientists and Students “Instruments and Methods of Experimental Nuclear Physics. Electronics and Automatics of Experimental Facilities”(7–11 November 2016, Dubna)Е. Litvinenko • Student training course “Advanced material studies by neutron scattering methods” (27 August – 4 September 2016, Dubna)M. Balasoiu

  26. Scientific reports The PAC thanks the speakers of the following scientific reports in condensed matter physics and related fields: • “Numerical investigation of vesicular systems and pion-nucleus scattering within the asynchronous differential evolution method”E. Zemlyanaya • “Spin dynamics in compounds with intermediate valence:comparison of inelastic scattering results to ab initio theory”E. Goremychkin • “Forecasting the NICA complex radiation environment”G. Timoshenko

  27. Poster presentations The PAC was pleased with the 16 poster presentations by young scientists in the field of condensed matter research, information technology, and applied studies and with the concluding reportby Sh. Torosyan. • The best poster: • “Simulation of radiation damage to different neuronal structureswith Geant4-DNA toolkit” by L. Bayarchimeg. • The PAC also noted two other high-quality posters: • “Asymmetric track-etched single nanopores for use in the sensor technology” by K. Olejniczak • “Approach on developing a heterogeneous computing cluster in terms of the HybriLIT cluster” by M. Matveyev.

  28. General discussion • The PAC emphasized the necessity to have a pool of external experts to evaluate themes and projects in related fields that are not directly focused on condensed matter physics issues but addressed to this PAC. • The PAC also discussed a possibility of inclusion of its one or two members in the Committee for Long-Term Strategy Planning being currently established at the Institute. • The PAC endorsed the final draft of the Regulation for the JINR Programme Advisory Committees to be approved at the next session of the Scientific Council in February 2017. • The PAC also discussed the guidelines for the preparation of projects and themes and their evaluation by the PACs. It was noted that the general items of these guidelines were also accepted by two other PACs — for Particle Physics and Nuclear Physics.

  29. Next meeting of the PAC • The next meeting of the PAC for Condensed Matter Physics will be held on 19–20 June 2017. • Its tentative agenda will include: • Information by the PAC Chairperson on the report at the next session of the Scientific Council, and the implementation of the recommendations of the current PAC meeting; • Information by the JINR Directorate on the sessions of the Scientific Council (February 2017) and of the Committee of Plenipotentiaries (March 2017); • Reports and recommendations on themes and projects to be completed in 2017 and status reports about ongoing themes; • Discussion of a concept for JINR’s new neutron source; • Information by FLNP on the development of the IBR-2 facility; • Status reports on the upgrades of FLNP instruments; • Information about scientific meetings; • Scientific reports; • Poster session.

  30. Thank you for your attention