Download
market structures monopolistic competition n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Market Structures: Monopolistic Competition PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Market Structures: Monopolistic Competition

Market Structures: Monopolistic Competition

22 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Market Structures: Monopolistic Competition

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Market Structures: Monopolistic Competition

  2. Imperfect Competition • The spectrum of competition: Perfect Comp. ------------- Monopoly Monop. Comp.-- Oligopoly • Assumptions underlying Monopolistic Competition • Differentiated products • Differentiated products leads to some market power over price or a downward slping demand curve • Many buyers and sellers • Free entry and exit • Perfect knowledge

  3. Short-run Vs. Long-run Supply Decisions • In the short-run, the firm is able to set prices like a monopolistic. P>MR so MR=MC implies that P>MC. A firm can make profits, breakeven or make losses. • In the long-run, free entry and exit will eliminate economic profits or losses. • In either case, the monopolistically competitive firm produces a level of output where LRAC are greater than LRAC minimum or the efficient scale and sets price above MC.

  4. Monopoly Competition and Economic Welfare • Compared to competitive markets, monopolistic competition results in an output level where there is • Excess capacity – LRAC >LRAC min • P>MC - or MB>MC • So, Deadweight Welfare Loss exists • Welfare loss is due to product differentiation • If differentiation is real, the welfare is small • If differentiation is the result of advertising which does not contribute anything to consumer satisfaction, it represents welfare loss

  5. Advertising • Advertising is costly, the question is - does it add anything of value to the consumer? • informative advertising which contributes to competition • Advertising aimed at creating perceived differences or brand loyalty • Breakfast cereals and kids versus supermarket ads • Advertising and the prisoner’s dilemma – self-canceling ads.