Name Date Hour Unit 5: The Civil War Notes: The Election of 1860
(DO NOT WRITE)In 1858, Lincoln said:“A House Divided Against Itself Cannot Stand. I believe this government cannot endure, (last) permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved(break apart)-- I do not expect the house to fall -- but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other.”
I. Political Parties Splinter • 2 Democrat Parties: • Southern Dems (Pro Slavery) • Southern Dems nominate John Breckinridge ii. Northern Dems support popular sovereignty to decide for each territory 1. Northern Dems nominate Stephen A. Douglas • Republicans Nom. Lincoln • Constitutional Union Party Nom. John Bell
II. The Election of 1860 A. 2 Races; 1 in the North, (Lincoln vs. Douglas), and 1 in the South (Breckinridge vs. Bell) i. Lincoln wins N. Vote ii. Breckinridge wins in the S. 1. More ppl in the N. so Lincoln wins
C. Southerners do not trust Lincoln. They see him as a THREAT to the Southern way of life.
http://www.tulane.edu/~sumter/Background/BackgroundElection.htmlWe offer the choice of the NationOur Chieftain so brave and so trueWe’ll go for the great reformationFor Lincoln and Liberty tooWe’ll go for the son of KentuckyThe hero of Hoosierdom tooThe Pride of the sucker so luckyFor Lincoln and Liberty too
They’ll find what by felling and bawlingour railmaker statesman can doFor the people are everywhere are callingFor Lincoln and liberty tooThen up with the banner so gloriousThe star spangled red white and blueWe’ll fight till our banner’s victoriousfor Lincoln and Liberty too
Our David’s good slinger unerringThe “slave-o-crat’s” giant he slewThen shout for the freedom preferringFor Lincoln and Liberty too
III. Southern Secession A. Southerners warned that they would secede if Lincoln won B. They said they voluntarily joined the US, so they can leave if they want to…this is a demonstration of their “STATES’ RIGHT”
C. Dec. 20. 1860 S. Carolina Seceded D. In the next 6 wks MS, FL, AL, GA, LA, TX also seceded. E. Feb 1861: Those 7 states became the CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA. i. Jefferson Davis became president.
IV. Union Response to Secession A. N. sees secession as UNCONSTITUTIONAL; we are ONE NATION, not a GROUP of states. B. N. sees the S. as poor losers…can’t live by the rules of democracy so they quit. DO NOT WRITE: “The Southerners’ quarrel is not with the Republican Party, but with the theory of Democracy”
What’s the POINT? • Lincoln’s election causes the south to secede • The south thinks it’s their right to leave