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Music of the Middle East

Music of the Middle East

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Music of the Middle East

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Music of the Middle East

  2. We will watch a BBC documentary called Breaking the Silence

  3. The music of the Middle East encompasses the musical systems of Iran (Persia), the Arab diaspora, and Turkey

  4. Each region shares five traditions similar to Western music

  5. Islamic cultural and musical values affect what is and is not considered music

  6. There are three prominent features that unite Middle Eastern musical culture

  7. 1. Vocal and compositional styles are derived from the recitation of the Holy Koran

  8. 2. Music creates a kind of ecstatic, emotional bond between performer and audience

  9. 3. The “suite,” or collection of individual pieces played together, is the major unifying compositional principle

  10. In the Middle East, music is generally considered an indulgence and therefore not good

  11. In the Middle East amateur musicians maintain a higher status than professionals

  12. In Western culture, improvised music has a tonal and structural framework Arabic music has maqam

  13. Ensemble music has a special kind of monophony called heterophony

  14. What are the differences between Middle Eastern and Indian ensemble textures?

  15. Islam is the most distinctive feature of the Middle East as a cultural area

  16. Religious ambivalence has not prohibited musical activity

  17. Perhaps the most obvious difference is the definition of “music,” which is very narrow

  18. On a sliding scale, between khandan and musiqi, where can we place different types of Western music, from church hymns to punk rock?

  19. Professional musicians are mostly specialists

  20. The scholarly study of music is admired

  21. Chanting of the Holy Koran, CD 1 track 4

  22. There is a broad similarity between Iranian traditions and those of Arabic and Turkish areas

  23. There are numerous instruments common to Iranian music

  24. The tar is a heavy, long-necked lute with frets

  25. The kamancheh (spiked fiddle)

  26. The santour (hammered dulcimer)

  27. The violin (played in the Western fashion)

  28. What are the similarities and differences between the Middle Eastern chordophones and chordophones found elsewhere throughout the word?

  29. The ney (bamboo flute)

  30. The dombak or zarb (goblet-shaped drum)

  31. In Iran, learning classical music and learning to improvise are more or less synonymous

  32. What are some similarities between Middle Eastern and Indian music improvisation?

  33. Scales and arpeggios of Western music are similar to the radif

  34. Radif is the basic repertoire used as the foundation for composition and improvisation

  35. A typical Iranian performance ideally consists of five parts

  36. Chahar Mezrab in Mahour, performed on santour. Textbook CD1, track 5.

  37. An Avaz in Shur. Textbook CD1, track 7

  38. Radif of Nour-Ali BoroumandCD 1 track 8

  39. 6 excerpts based on Daramad CD1 track 11

  40. Although each version is individual, the essential characteristics of the daramad can be heard

  41. A performance in any maqam may modulate to another maqam

  42. Taqsim NahawandCD1 track 10

  43. Illustrations of Major MaqamsCD1 track 6

  44. Music of the dervishes is metric and ceremonial

  45. Popular music is typically a female singer accompanied by a small ensemble of instruments

  46. Some of these singers, like Umm Kulthum, went beyond the music halls

  47. Ya Zalimni CD1, track 9

  48. Summary

  49. The Middle East encompasses a large, diverse geographical and cultural area

  50. Middle Eastern music generally is highly improvised and heterophonic