The music of the Middle East encompasses the musical systems of Iran (Persia), the Arab diaspora, and Turkey
Islamic cultural and musical values affect what is and is not considered music
There are three prominent features that unite Middle Eastern musical culture
1. Vocal and compositional styles are derived from the recitation of the Holy Koran
2. Music creates a kind of ecstatic, emotional bond between performer and audience
3. The “suite,” or collection of individual pieces played together, is the major unifying compositional principle
In the Middle East, music is generally considered an indulgence and therefore not good
In the Middle East amateur musicians maintain a higher status than professionals
In Western culture, improvised music has a tonal and structural framework Arabic music has maqam
What are the differences between Middle Eastern and Indian ensemble textures?
Islam is the most distinctive feature of the Middle East as a cultural area
Perhaps the most obvious difference is the definition of “music,” which is very narrow
On a sliding scale, between khandan and musiqi, where can we place different types of Western music, from church hymns to punk rock?
There is a broad similarity between Iranian traditions and those of Arabic and Turkish areas
What are the similarities and differences between the Middle Eastern chordophones and chordophones found elsewhere throughout the word?
In Iran, learning classical music and learning to improvise are more or less synonymous
What are some similarities between Middle Eastern and Indian music improvisation?
Radif is the basic repertoire used as the foundation for composition and improvisation
Chahar Mezrab in Mahour, performed on santour. Textbook CD1, track 5.
Although each version is individual, the essential characteristics of the daramad can be heard
Popular music is typically a female singer accompanied by a small ensemble of instruments
The Middle East encompasses a large, diverse geographical and cultural area