intro El Pasado (en español)
1 • How do we show a past action that began and ended? • How do we show one that described, continued or repeated? • Completed past action (accióncompletaen el pasado) • Description; continuing or repeated past action • (accióncontínua o repetida)
El Pretérito: (un solo verbo) 2 The SIMPLE PAST: (one word verb) INTEPRET the verbs into Spanish: llamar, contestar, correr, venir,dormir. Juan Pablo called last night. Juan Pablo llamóanoche. José Luis contestó el teléfono. Elloscorrieron a la escuela en la lluvia. Elena y yovinimos a lassiete de la noche. Todo el mundodurmió hasta mediodía José Luis answered the phone. They ran to school in the rain. Elena and I came at 7:00 p.m. Everyone slept until noon. SNAPSHOT
El Imperfecto: (verbossingulares) The COMPOUND PAST: (more than one word verb) 3 INTEPRET the verbs into Spanish: viajar, comer, llamar, nadarestudiar, ser. 1. We were traveling all day. 2. Hernando was eating a sandwich 3. Rosa and Susana used to call me often. 4. Pepito and I would swim on Saturdays. 5. I kept studying even though it was boring. 1. Nosotrosviajábamostodo el día. 2. Hernando comía un bocadillo. (sandwich) 3. Rosa y Susana me llamabancon frecuencia. 4. Pepito y yonadábamos los sábados. 5. Yoestudiabaaunqueera aburrido. MOTION
Look at the pictures and describe three things that happened yesterday: 4 (dormir) (marcar el número) El señormarcó el número. (oír la música) El chicodurmió. Ella oyóla música.
5 Look at the pictures and describe things that happened more than once: DESCRIBE THE SCENE! ver la película. (nadar en el mar) El jovennadaba en el mar. Ellosveían la película. (montar la montañarusa) Ellosmontaban la montañarusa.
INTERPRET the previous 6 slides into the best possible English: 6 He was swimming in the sea. (used to swim) (kept swimming) (would swim) He DIALED the number yesterday. They were riding the roller coaster (all day long.) She HEARD the music yesterday. He SLEPT yesterday. They were watching the movie (when …)
7 What happens when one action interrupts one that is already going on? The ongoing action is IMPERFECT and the interruption is PRETERITE ! 1. We were watching t.v. when Mom entered the room. Mirábamos la telecuandoMamáentró en la sala. 2. It was raining when the phone rang. (sonar = to ring) Llovíacuandosonó el teléfono.
TrabajoCalificado– Graded work: 8 - final Interpret all the following sentences into the BEST SPANISH possible: Every day we would watchthe news on t.v. (ver) Last night the phone rang twice. (sonar) When my mother was young, she used to walk to school. (ser, andar) You wrote me one letter. (escribir) Our plane arrived when it was snowing. (llegar, nevar)