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Dog Training

Dog Training. Canine Behaviour & Training. What is Dog Training?. Promoting Learning In reality this is associating of cue words or other signals with a behavioural response so to gain obedience from domestic dogs. How to Train Dogs?. Various methods

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Dog Training

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  1. Dog Training Canine Behaviour & Training

  2. What is Dog Training? • Promoting Learning In reality this is associating of cue words or other signals with a behavioural response so to gain obedience from domestic dogs.

  3. How to Train Dogs? • Various methods • But most effective is positive reinforcement (proven to open neurological channels for learning) • Work with dogs natural instinctive and biological abilities (understand and know the specie) • Work with dogs natural motivations (understand and known the breed) • Work with dogs own experience, development and limits (understand and know the individual)

  4. Dog’s Natural & Instinctive abilities

  5. Dog’s Natural Motivations • What senses will be most distracted? And stimulated in training? • What will act as the greatest reward? • What is the capacity for duration of learning?

  6. Dog’s Experience, Development & Limits • Is the dog ‘prepared’ for learning? • Has it learning history and experience? • How might its previous development and experiences affect learning and training? • How might I affect the dogs training? • How does the dog normally exhibit stress?

  7. Why Train Dogs? • To be able to integrate them into society • To mentally and physically stimulate • To use in leisure • To use in service • To use in assistance • To use in therapy

  8. Requirements of a Dog Trainer • Patience- If you get frustrated dog will pick up on it! • Consistency- Be fair to the dog, let him know what to expect. • Positive Attitude- if you enjoy it the dog will too! • Methodical- Know process • Observant look for signs of stress in the dog

  9. All Dog owners are Dog Trainers!

  10. General Training Method-1 For Example Training the cue ‘sit’(why teach sit?) • Select environment carefully • Allow dog to relax within the environment (aim to return to point of stability-reduced arousal)

  11. General Training Method-2 • Test Dogs Motivations

  12. General Training Method 3- • Use selected motivator to lure the dog

  13. General Training Method-4 • Mark the correct behaviour (or a step towards it) with a secondary reinforcer and reward with the motivator (now a primary reinforcer). • What is the timing for delivery of reinforcers?

  14. General Training method-5 • Repeat the lure.

  15. General Training Method-6 • Phase off the lure and initiate a consistent hand signal • Produce a training pattern working with various reinforcers and progressing away from lure.

  16. Training Method- 7 • Switch from continuous rate of reinforcement to intermittent at suitable frequency. • Allow for hand signal to evolve.

  17. Training Method- 8 • If dog is working close to 100% in accuracy and behaviour has been shaped (as necessary). Link verbal cue to hand (visual) signal.

  18. Training Method-9 • Repeat and reward at intermittent rate based upon training pattern.

  19. Training Method-10 • Add a release cue • Introduce the 3D’s. • Test the cue

  20. Tips • Watch for salience, introduce one cue type at a time. • Take regular breaks (produce schedule as well as pattern) • Work methodically with gradual progression • Use frustration to promote operant conditioning, but monitor • Choose cue words carefully • Allow for evolving of visual cues, but keep consistent. • Watch for inadvertently rewarding • Consider range of reinforcements available

  21. Training recall • Use of General Positive Reinforcement Method (lure-signal) • Other methods?

  22. Walking to heel or loose lead walking • General Positive Training Method (lure to signal) • Stop: Go method (use of negative punishment) • Use of positive punishment and negative reinforcement.

  23. Toilet training • Environmental Aids Puppy Training or People Training?

  24. Clicker Training • Use of Classical Conditioning • Use of Operant Conditioning • Continuous Schedule of Reinforcement • Training Initiator • Advantages • Disadvanatges

  25. Shaping • Free shaping • Forward shaping • Reverse shaping

  26. Chaining • Chaining and ’back chaining’

  27. Evaluating Training and Trainer Performance

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