Intellectual Disabilities: Mild Moderate and Severe Camille Osness and Ariel Allred
What is intellectual disability? Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, which covers many every day social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18.
What are unique characteristics of students with an intellectual disability? • Consistent limitations in: • Conceptual Skills • Social Skills • Practical Skills • Difficulty in intellectual tasks • Difficulty paying attention • Struggle with memory (short and long term) • Difficulty with generalization
Parent’s PerspectiveDianne Hirning • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004) • Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act • The American with Disabilities Act • Resources that will help differentiate for the specific disability • Staff/ specialists • Materials • Comfortable environment
Teacher Perspective • Clear communication • Documentation • Monitor progress • IEPs • Warm/strict • Be an advocate • differentiation
Research says… • Recognize you can make an enormous difference! • Be active on the IEP team • Provide accommodations and supports • Scheduling, setting, materials, instruction, student response • Be as concrete as possible • Go step by step • Give immediate feedback • Help the student learn life skills • Address social aspects at school • Communicate with parents