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THE SIMPLIFICATION AND THE REFORMULATION OF UNGGAH-UNGGUH JAVANESE LANGUAGE STRATIFICATION PowerPoint Presentation
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THE SIMPLIFICATION AND THE REFORMULATION OF UNGGAH-UNGGUH JAVANESE LANGUAGE STRATIFICATION

THE SIMPLIFICATION AND THE REFORMULATION OF UNGGAH-UNGGUH JAVANESE LANGUAGE STRATIFICATION

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THE SIMPLIFICATION AND THE REFORMULATION OF UNGGAH-UNGGUH JAVANESE LANGUAGE STRATIFICATION

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  1. THE SIMPLIFICATION AND THE REFORMULATION OF UNGGAH-UNGGUH JAVANESE LANGUAGE STRATIFICATION BY SUWARNA JAVANESE DEPARTEMENT YOGYAKARTA STATE UNIVERSITY

  2. WHY UNGGAH-UNGGUH NEEDED SIMPLIFIED AND REFORMULATED? • FOR BEGANNING UNGGAH-UNGGUH JAVANESE LANGUAGE STRATIFICATION IS VERY COMPLICATED, COMPLEX, SOPHISTICATED. • UNGGAH-UNGGUH HAVE TWELVE FUNCTION

  3. 1. Basa ngoko a.Ngoko lugu b.Ngoko andhap 1) ngoko andhap antya basa 2) ngoko andhap basa antya 2. Basa madya a. Madya ngoko b. Madyantara c. Madya krama 3. Basa Krama desa 4. Basa krama a. Mudha krama b. Kramantara c. Wredha krama 5. Basa krama inggil. 6. Basa kedhaton

  4. UNGGAH-UNGGUH : - VERY DIFFICULT FOR COMMUNICATION • MAKE CONFUSED • DIFFICULT FOR LESSON • NO PRACTICE • NO PRAGMATIC • NOW RARE IS USED AND • UNPRODUCTIVE

  5. SIMPLIFICATION 2 3 12 NGOKO MADYA KRAMA NGOKO KRAMA

  6. MADYA STRATIFICATION • PARTIAL USER, LESS EDUCATION • PEOPLE WHO USE BASA MADYA ARE JUDGE AS UN-EDUCATION • LESS/NO PRESTIGE • NOT TOUGH AT SCHOOL: NOT INTELLECT AND PRESTIGE SO NEED SIMPLIFIED BECOME 2

  7. SIMPLIFY TO SECOND STEPS • BASA NGOKO a. ngokolugu b. ngokoalus 2. BASA KRAMA a. kramalugu b. kramaalus

  8. THE ARGUMENT SIMPLIFY BECOME 2 STRATIFICATION • NOT DIFFICULT • REPRESENTATIVE ENOUGH • EASY TO REMEMBER, • TO TEACH AND TO LEARN

  9. REFORMULATIONS

  10. DHANDHANGGULA Marriage is very sacrifice between Delina and Hari Rahmat the both are patner very well good luck for your honeymoon man does he can but God what he will you don’t afraid must calm to day and continue father mother are always calm we will pray of God you have children quickly reformist daughter or son

  11. NGOKO LUGU & KRAMA LUGU P 1 ≥ P2 ≥ p3 P1 : the speaker P2 : the listener p3 : person who is talked to

  12. NGOKO ALUS & KRAMA ALUS P 1 ≤ P2 ≤ p3 P1 : the speaker P2 : the listener p3 : person who is talked to

  13. DISCUSSION • FORMULATION IS NOT ABSOLUTE • FORMULATION SENSITIVELY CONTEXTS • CONTEXT’DELL HYMES: Setting and scene, participants, end, act, key, instrument, norm, and genre

  14. MULTICULTURALISM • HYPHOTHESIS SAPHIR-WHORF: culture integrated language • BOAS, BLOOMFIELS, AHIMSA PUTRA: there is any relation between language and culture. 3. ABDUL WAHAb language and behavior: ngapurancang

  15. 4. Unggah-ungguh Javaanese language reflect multifarious internally (multicultural) like hypthothesis Saphir-Whorf: etiquette of behavior, etiquette of language use, respecting others, esteming others of pursuant to degre, rank, and occupation (derajat, pangkat, semat). (remember Goffman: Face Threatening Act: to fulfill speaking norm rules, Leech: modesty maxim, Robin Lakoff: the politness, that is be polite with the communications partner.

  16. CONLUSION • Progressively simplification • Steps of simplification: 12 become 3 become 2: ngoko lugu and alus, krama lugu and alus. • The formula P1 ≥ P2 ≥ p3 for lugu, P1 ≤ P2 ≤ p3 for alus. • My prediction to next one generation javanese language stratification is ngoko lugu and krama alus. Maybe