Intermediate Accounting, 11th ed. Kieso, Weygandt, and Warfield Chapter 23: Statement of Cash Flows Prepared by ROVILA EL MAGHVIROH STIE Perbanas Surabaya
Chapter 23: Statement of Cash Flows • Menguraikan tujuan laporan arus kas. • Identifikasi klasifikasi arus kas. • Membedakan laba bersih dg arus kas bersih dari kegiatan operasi. • Membandingkan metode langsung dan tidak langsung utk menghitung arus kas bersih dari kegiatan operasi. After studying this chapter, you should be able to:
Chapter 23: Statement of Cash Flows • Menentukan arus kas bersih dari kegiatan investasi dan pembiayaan. • Menyiapkan Laporan Arus kas. • Mengidentifikasi sumber informasi utk Laporan arus kas. • Mengidentifikasi masalah khusus dlm menyiapkan laporan arus kas. • Menjelaskan penggunaan neraca lajur dlm menyiapkan laporan arus kas.
Manfaat of the Statement of Cash Flows Membantu para investor, kreditor, dan pihak lainnya dlm menilai hal2 sbb: * Kemampuan entitas utk menghasilkan arus kas dimasa depan. * Kemampuan entitas utk membayar dividen dan memenuhi kewajibannya. • Penyebab perbedaan antara laba bersih dan arus kas bersih dari kegiatan operasi. • Transaksi investasi dan pembiayaan yg melibatkan kas dan non kas selama suatu periode.
The Cash Flow Statement The cash flow statement provides information about: • the cash receipts (cash inflows), and • uses of cash (cash outflows) during the period Inflows and outflows are reported for: • operating activities, • investing activities, and • financing activities during the period
Operating activities inflows Investing activities Financing activities Operating activities Investing activities outflows Financing activities Statement of Cash Flows: Concept Cash Pool
Preparing a Statement of Cash Flows There are two methods of preparing the statement of cash flows: • the indirect method and • the direct method The indirect method derives cash flows from accrual basis statements. The direct method determines cash flows directly for each source or use of cash.
Eliminate Non-cash revenues + Net Income Eliminate Non-cash charges - Statement of Cash Flows: Indirect Method: Concept Earned Revenues Operating cash flow Expenses Incurred
Accrual Basis Statements Cash Flow Statement Income Statement items & Changes in Current Assets and Current Liabilities Operating activities: Adjust net income for accruals and non-cash charges to get cash flows Balance Sheet: Changes In Non-Current Assets Investing activities: Inflows from sale of assets and Outflows from purchases of assets Balance Sheet: Changes in Non-Current Liabilities and Equity Financing activities: Inflows and outflows from loan and equity transactions The Statement of Cash Flows: Indirect Method
From sales of goods or services From returns on loans (interest) and returns on equity securities (dividends) To suppliers for inventory To employees for services To government for taxes To lenders for interest To others for expenses Direct Method: Operating Activities Inflows Outflows
Investing and Financing Activities • For the direct and indirect methods the sections reporting investing andfinancing activities are the same. • The net inflows or outflows for each section (under the two methods) are identical. • The operating activities are reported differently.
Format of the Statement of Cash Flows: Indirect Method Cash flows from operating activities: Net Income $ XXX Adjustments (to arrive at cash flow from operations) $ XX (List of individual inflows and outflows) Net cash flow from operating activities $ XXX Cash flows from investing activities: (List of individual inflows and outflows) $ XX Net cash flow from investing activities $ XXX Cash flows from financing activities: (List of individual inflows and outflows) $ XX Net cash flow from financing activities $ XXX
Indirect Method: Special Items Note the following adjustments to net income in deriving operating cash flow: • Loss on sale of assets is added to net income • Gain on sale of assets is deducted from net income • Discount on bonds payable (as amortized) is added to net income • Premium on bonds payable (as amortized) is deducted from net income
Format of the Statement of Cash Flows: Direct Method Cash flows from operating activities: Cash receipts (individually): Inflows $ XXX Cash payments to suppliers (separately): outflows ($ XXX) Net cash flow from operating activities $ XXX Cash flows from investing activities: (List of individual inflows and outflows) $ XX Net cash flow from investing activities $ XXX Cash flows from financing activities: (List of individual inflows and outflows) $ XX Net cash flow from financing activities $ XXX
Cash Receipts Cash Payments From sale of goods and services to customers To suppliers To employees For operating exp From receipts of interest and dividends For interest For taxes Direct Method: Concept Cash flow from operations less equals
Cash Flow Statement: Direct Method Cash receipts from customers: = Revenue from credit sales + Decrease in A/Rec balances - Increase in A/Rec balances
Cash Flow Statement: Direct Method Cash payments to suppliers: = Cost of goods sold + Increase in inventory - Decrease in inventory + Decrease in accounts payable - Increase in accounts payable
Cash Flow Statement: Direct Method Cash payments for operating and other expenses: = Operating expenses + Increase in prepaid expenses - Decrease in prepaid expenses + Decrease in accrued expenses payable - Increase in accrued expenses payable
Reporting Significant Non-Cash Transactions • Transactions not involving cash inflows or cash outflows are non-cash transactions. • They are not reported in the body of the cash flow statement. • If material, they are reported as notes to the statement or in a supplementary schedule to the financial statements. • Example: Issue of bonds (payable) for purchase of land.