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Our Catholic Faith Living What We Believe PowerPoint Presentation
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Our Catholic Faith Living What We Believe

Our Catholic Faith Living What We Believe

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Our Catholic Faith Living What We Believe

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  1. Our Catholic FaithLiving What We Believe CHAPTER 8 The Basics of Catholic Morality  Modeling Christ  Humans Are Made in God’s Image  Conscience and Moral Decisions  Virtues and Other Helps to Live a Moral Life  Sin, Justification, and Grace

  2. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityModeling Christ The building blocks of Catholic morality: 1. Be who you are. 2. Form and follow your conscience. 3. Respond to God’s call to holiness by using the helps he gives us to live virtuous lives, to avoid sin, and to do good.

  3. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityHumans Are Made in God’s Image Because we are made in God’s image: • We have dignity – our worth does not have to be earned • We can think – we are able to distinguish good from evil • We have freedom – free will helps us desire what is good and then choose it • We are responsible – we are blameworthy for our actions

  4. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityHumans Are Made in God’s Image Because we are made in God’s image: • We are wounded by sin – though we are fundamentally good, we have inherited the effects of Original Sin • We are children of God – Christ’s Paschal Mystery of Salvation has forgiven our sins and rescued us from Satan • We are friends of the Lord – we must love him above all and our neighbors as ourselves

  5. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityHumans Are Made in God’s Image Humans and society By nature, humans live with and for others, belonging to many societies Each society must treat people as ends and not as means – promoting virtue and love We act morally when we: • Responsibly use our God-given intellects and wills • Choose good and avoid evil

  6. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityHumans Are Made in God’s Image Humans and society We act morally when we: • Act as persons of incomparable worth who respect the essential dignity of others • Allow the Holy Spirit to live in us • Are Christlike and act as true sons and daughters of a loving Father • Act like true friends of Jesus – showing love for God and neighbor

  7. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityConscience and Moral Decisions Conscience • God gave each of us a conscience to help us live like Christ • It helps us determine if what we are doing is in accord with God’s plan or goes against it • It helps us judge whether we did right after we act • It calls us to repent if we have sinned by going against it Conscience is a judgment of reason whereby the human person recognizes the moral quality of a concrete act that he is going to perform, is in the process of performing, or has already completed. CCC, 1778

  8. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityConscience and Moral Decisions How to form a good conscience: • Use our God-given ability to think to discover God’s goodness and truth • Listen to Jesus Christ who teaches us how to be loving and virtuous • Look to his Death on the cross as the perfect example of how to love and obey God the Father • Obey the teaching of the Magisterium and the example of other wise and holy people • Use the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit that help us live virtuous lives

  9. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityConscience and Moral Decisions Sources of Morality Circumstances►Secondaryfactors: who, where, when, how, consequences ►Can increase or reduce the evil or goodness of an action The intention►One’s motive or purpose for acting - the why I do it►It looks to the “end,” that is, the reason or goal of an action►A good intention cannot make an intrinsically evil action a just one The moral object►The matter of our actions – the what we do►Moral norms can be discovered by human reason and conscience ►This is the most important element for judging morality

  10. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityConscience and Moral Decisions The Right Course of Action • For actions to be morally good, all three elements must all be good • Jesus is our best guide for forming a sensitive and loving conscience • We must look to the Magisterium for guidance • Follow your conscience • If we violate our conscience, then we have sinned • It is possible to have a conscience that is in error due to ignorance or emotions

  11. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityVirtues and Other Helps to Live a Moral Life Virtues – help us control our passions and guide our actions according to faith and reason Vices – bad habits that incline us to do evil anger envy charity sloth prudence pride faith lust justice greed gluttony temperance hope fortitude

  12. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityVirtues and Other Helps to Live a Moral Life Moral Law – “a reasonable regulation issued by the proper authority for the common good” Expressions of the moral law: 1. the natural law – the light of understanding placed in us by God 2. revealed law – the Old Testament Law and the Law of the Gospel 3. civil and Church laws – these flow from natural law

  13. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityVirtues and Other Helps to Live a Moral Life Jesus Christ makes God’s law perfect • Most perfectly revealed in the Sermon on the Mount • Christ’s new law is a law of love, a law of grace, a law of freedom • Speaks to the attitudes and motives behind our actions The New Law has several special virtues called the evangelical counsels: poverty, chastity, and obedience

  14. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityVirtues and Other Helps to Live a Moral Life Precepts of the Church 1. Attend Mass on Sundays and holy days of obligation and rest from servile labor 2. Confess your sins at least once a year 3. Receive the Sacrament of Eucharist at least during the Easter season 4. Observe the days of fasting and abstinence established by the Church 5. Help to provide for the needs of the Church

  15. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralitySin, Justification, and Grace Justification • God’s mercy • The grace of the Holy Spirit that cleanses us from our sins through faith in Jesus Christ and Baptism • Jesus’ Death on the cross brings about our justification • We do not earn, nor do we deserve, the gift of grace

  16. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralitySin, Justification, and Grace Types of Grace SanctifyingGrace permanently disposes us to live like God ActualGrace God’s special help to turn from sin or help us act like Christ once we have SacramentalGraces gifts that flow from particular sacraments Charisms Special gifts the Holy Spirit bestows on individual Christians to help the Church grow Gracesof State God’s special help forspecial ministers inthe Church

  17. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralitySin, Justification, and Grace Merit and Holiness • Merit is something we are owed because of good deeds • God will reward us with Heaven, but we must cooperate with the Holy Spirit’s graces to live holy lives • It is impossible to “earn Salvation” • We must let Christ live in us by the power of the Holy Spirit and sanctifying grace • All of us are called to be holy by loving andimitating Jesus Christ • The saints have taught us that works of self-denial and penance lead to holiness

  18. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic MoralityVOCABULARY • Precepts of the Church (225) • Justification (227) • Sanctifying grace (227) • Habitual grace (227) • Actual grace (227) • Sacramental graces (227) • Charisms (227) • Graces of state (227) • Cardinal virtues (213) • Passions (213) • Society (214) • Subsidiarity (214) • Common good (215) • Social justice doctrine (216) • Solidarity (217) • Sources of morality (218) • Christian morality (222) • Natural law (224)

  19. Chapter 8 The Basics of Catholic Morality Lord, lead us from death to life, from falsehood to truth. Lead us from despair to hope, from fear to trust. Let peace fill our hearts, our world and our universe. Let us dream together, pray together and work together to build a world of peace and justice for all. Merciful God, listen to us as we pray for a world that will respect the God-given rights of all. A Prayer for Human Rights