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Parts of the Short Story

Parts of the Short Story

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Parts of the Short Story

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  1. Parts of the Short Story English

  2. The Setting • The setting is where and when the story takes place • General Setting: Time period, geographic area, level of realism • Specific Setting: An office, an apartment, a spaceship

  3. Characters • Characters are the people, animals, or things that the story is about • Main Character: the primary and most important characters in the movie; these characters are affected by the story • Supporting characters: characters that have smaller parts; these characters affect the story

  4. Characters, continued • Protagonist: The “good guy,” the hero, the main character • Antagonist: The “bad guy,” the person who stands in the way of the protagonist

  5. Character Types • Round : A character who resembles a real person; a character who changes and acts as a real person would • Flat: A character who does not change or experience emotional growth • Stock : A clichéd character; a type of character you have seen before • Example – McDonald’s worker, cab driver, storm trooper

  6. Characterization • Direct Characterization: How the author describes the character • Indirect Characterization: What other characters say about the character, what you learn through action and dialogue • Dialogue: Two characters speaking to each other

  7. Point of View (POV) • From what perspective is the story told? • First person: POV of the main character, uses “I” • Second person: POV of the reader, uses “you” • Third person: POV of an outside observer, uses “he” & “she” • Limited: the observer can only “see” what happens • Omniscient : the observer knows the characters’ thoughts, can “see” inside their heads

  8. Plot • The plot of the story is what happens in the story • Almost every plot is based on a conflict • Person vs. Person • Person vs. Self • Person vs. Nature • Person vs. Society

  9. The Plot Curve • Exposition – Beginning of the story; characters are introduced, setting is established, tone and mood are set • Rising Action – The conflict begins; the protagonist works towards settling the conflict • Climax – The pinnacle of the story; the protagonist solves the conflict (or doesn’t)

  10. Plot Curve, continued • Falling Action – The specifics of the climax play out; what happens as a result of the climax • Resolution (Denouement) – Loose ends are wrapped up; the reader sees the new and changed protagonist; life goes on

  11. Tone, Mood, Theme • Tone – The attitude of the author toward the story – sarcastic, anger, affection, approval, disapproval • Mood – The emotion of the story – happy, sad, depressing, tragic • Theme – The “moral” of the story – what message does the story send?