Handicap International BelgiumRoad Safety in CambodiaSeptember 2010
Agenda • Road safety issues • Cambodia National Road Safety Action Plan • Handicap International road safety program in Cambodia • Road traffic accident and victim information system • Road Safety education • Road safety awareness and support to society • Support to government
1. Road Safety Issues Cambodian Context • Road traffic crashes in Cambodia: • 46% of all kinds of recorded injuries in the countries • almost 7% towards the causes of physical impairment and disability • The total economic loss of road traffic accidents was estimated at 248 million US$ (HIB) in 2009 [116million US$ in 2004]
Evolution of road fatalities, vehicles and population (base 100 = 1998) 1. Road Safety Issues Cambodian Context • Road crashes increase more proportionally than road traffic and population. • Every day, more than 4 persons die and many others are injured. • Over the last 5 years, the number of fatalities increased almost double. Sources: RCVIS annual report 2009
1. Road Safety Issues Cambodian Context The fatality rate, calculated in comparison with the number of vehicles in use in the country is already very high. Source: Global Status Report on Road Safety, Time for Action, by WHO 2009
1. Road Safety Issues Cambodian Context • The motorization rate is rapidly increasing, with very high share of 2-wheeled vehicles and traffic mixes • Exponential growth can be expected for the forthcoming years.
As a consequence: Motorbikes’ riders account for the large majority of casualties (77%) and fatalities (71%), 13% of fatalities are pedestrians 76% of motorbike fatalities get head injuries 1. Road Safety Issues Cambodian Context Source: RTAVIS annual report 2009
As a consequence, human error is responsible more than 90% of casualties. Road crash injuries are largely preventable 1. Road Safety Issues Cambodian Context Source: RCVIS annual report 2009
1. Road Safety Issues Cambodian Context More than 50% of fatalities are due to speeding and other 17% caused by drunk driving.
In2004, the Cambodian Government developed the firstNational Road Safety Action Plan 2006-2010, with the support from ADB In early 2010, the government started to develop the second Action Plan 2011-2020, to response to the “Decade of Action for Road Safety” and based on the international framework 2. Cambodia National Road Safety Action PlanThe first and second action Plans
2. Cambodia National Road Safety Action PlanSecond Action Plan Framework Pillar 6 Law Enforcement Pillar 8 Vulnerable Road Users Pillar 7 Driving Licenses
2. Cambodia National Road Safety Action PlanStakeholders involved • Need for coordination mechanism. • Importance of National Road Safety Committee.
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)Projects • With similar initiatives in Lao PDR and Vietnam, HIB launched the Road Safety Program in Cambodia in 2004. • To date, it consists of 4 components: • Road Crash and Victim Information • System (RCVIS) and Road Safety Research • Road safety education • Road safety public awareness and • support to civil society • Support to the government service
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)Coverage-2010 STG RSN CBE STG STG CBE CBE CBE STG CBE STG STG Legend All RS activities RS education RCVIS Community Based Education Road Safety Network Road Safety Research Support to government CBE CBE Research CBE STG CBE RSN Research STG RSN
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)1. Road Crash and victim information system + Research Objective: Provide road safety related stakeholders with accurate and complete data on road traffic accidents and victims for the purposes of increased understanding of the current RS situation, planning appropriate responses and evaluating impact of current and future initiatives. • Main activities • Manage integration road crash data from police and hospitals. • Publish monthly and yearly report. • Hanover of the system to the government • Conduct road safety researches, such as cost analysis, road user behaviours,…
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)1. Road Crash and victim information system + Research Evolution : 2011-2013 • RCVIS • Provide technical support on extensive data analysis and advanced training to staff in MoI, MoH, NRSC, with upgraded database • Decentralize the system to provincial levels (MoI) • Replicate our expertise to other countries (through GRSP, ADB,…) • Research • Set up research center/working group • Conduct more research studies. Sources: RCVIS annual report 2009
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)2. Road Safety Education Improve primary and lower secondary school children’s road safety behaviors by providing them with an effective road safety education curriculum • Main activities • Grades 7 to 9 • Development and implementation of the curriculum in 20 provinces • Grades 10-12 • Support to develop high school curriculum • Partners: MoEYS, NRSC, MoI • Evolution : 2011-2013 • Extend to RS high school curriculum • Safe school zone initiatives
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)3. Road safety awareness and support to civil society i. Road safety public awareness campaign:Enhance public awareness on particular issues of road safety by setting-up mass media campaigns and targeted awareness initiatives. Main activities: Main focused on Helmet and Drink driving Partners: NRSC, WHO, MoI, MoH, MoEYS, Local NGO, private companies • Evolution : 2011-2013 • Initiate “Speeding, Pedestrian and Seatbelt” campaigns • Continue on Helmet (standard + passenger) and Drink driving
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)3. Road safety awareness and support to civil society ii. Community Based Education: Increase RS awareness of populations in villages located on major national roads through community-based education • Main activities: • Technical and financial support to a local NGO (CRY) to: • Develop road safety local action plan • Set up peer education in schools and communities • Organize road safety events • Evolution: 2011-2013 • New target communes • Continue to build capacity local commune authorities on Main Risk Factors
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)3. Road safety awareness and support to civil society iii. Road Safety Network: Increase the involvement and capacity of the civil society in improving road safety • Main activities • Management and further development the road safety network (RSN) • Initiating “Fleet Safety” inside organizations • Partners: NRSC, private companies, NGOs… • Evolution: 2011-2013 • Launch Fleet Safety Management • Initiate Road Safety Label • Set up RS Network Board (civil society organizations)
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)4. Support to government • Support the National Road Safety Committee in managing, implementing and coordinating the National Road Safety Action Plan through active coordination of stakeholders; national action plan, policy, strategy • Provide funding, strategic support and targeted trainings to traffic police to enforce the traffic law; • Evolution: 2011-2013 • Support NRSC in coordinating and managing the New National RS Action Plan 2011-2020 • Capacity building for additional PRSCs • Continues to lobby for better Enforcement action
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)Main Results • Since the beginning of the program, main results have been achieved: • Development and implementation of RCVIS (Road Crash and Victim Information System) and GPS (global positioning system). • Road safety curriculum implementation • in primary and lower secondary schools • Increase of helmet wearing rate • (7%-2004 to 85% in 2009). • Approval of the new traffic law and • enhanced law enforcement • Creation of the National Road Safety • Committee with better functioned with • national policies, strategies and action plans • HIB has been seen as a leading agency in RS field,