Cascade-Style Bonsai Claude Sciberras
Why Do we Use Styles? There are several reasons for identifying a bonsai by a named style: • Naming a style provides a graphic description of the tree. • When one person is talking to another about a bonsai and identifies its style, a mental-visual image of that style is evoked in the mind of the listener. • A style provides a direction of purpose when structuring a bonsai. • It is a shortcut to understanding.
Bonsai Styles • Upright Styles • Cascade Styles • Multiple Tree/Trunk Styles • Bonsai With Special Characteristics
Cascade Styles • Cascade • Semi-Cascade
Bonsai With Special Characteristics • Miniature Bonsai • Literati • Driftwood • Weeping • Exposed Roots • Root on Rock / Root in Rock
In cascade styles, the cascading part is called the NAGARE which means “The flow or flowing”.
Cascade Styles • A cascade style bonsai is one in which a major feature extends below the lower rim of the pot. • A semi-cascade style bonsai is one in which the major cascading feature extends below the top rim of the pot but does not extend below the bottom of the pot. • What determines whether a cascade or semi-cascade is Formal or Informal is the part above the rim of the pot. • It depicts a tree in nature growing on a mountain top with all or a part of it hanging over the edge.
Container • The container should be relatively deep and may be round, square, octagonal, hexagonal, or a deep cascade. • The container may be glazed or unglazed depending on the species of tree.
Styling The Tree • Roots:Remove surface soil down to relatively thick radiating roots. • Surface roots should radiate in several directions but should be strongest on the side away from the direction of the lean.
Special Characteristics • Miniature, Literati, Driftwood, Weeping, Exposed Roots, Root on Rock and Root in Rock are not styles but characteristics as you can have a mame cascade or a Semi cascade with root on rock etc…