Birthplace of Three Religions pages 435 - 438 Two Column Notes
What three sacred sites are located within Jerusalem’s Old City? Islam- Dome of the Rock. Judaism – Wailing Wall. Christianity – The Christian Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Questions: Dateline page 435
1. Which city in Israel is important to all three religions? 2. List three common traits of Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Jerusalem A. All got their start in Southwest Asia. B. All believe that there is only one god-called monotheism. C. Each was first lead by a single person and has a set of sacred writings. Questions: Three Religions page 435
3. How do Judaism, Christianity, and Islam differ from the religions of the Sumerians and Egyptians? The Sumerians and Egyptians believed in many gods, a belief called polytheism. Questions: Three Religions page 435 cont.
The Hebrew people were the first a. ________ b. They called their God _________ c. According to Hebrew scripture, their God spoke to a man named _____. Monotheists Yahweh Abraham Questions: Abraham and the Origin of Judaism page 436
2. a. Where did Abraham move and what is it called today? b. Abraham’s descendants are called _______ and their religious belief is called ________. Canaan and it is now called Israel. Jews, Judaism Questions: Abraham and the Origin of Judaism page 436 cont.
3. What group drove the Jews into exile? a. ______________ b. What does the word exile mean? Babylonians Forced removal from one’s native country. Questions: Abraham and the Origin of Judaism page 436 cont.
What story is told in the Gospels? How does Christianity relate to Judaism? The story of Jesus’ life. Christians believe that Jesus was the Messiah promised in Jewish scripture. Questions: Jesus and the Birth of Christianity pages 436 - 437
3. Describe Jesus’ early life. Discuss where he was born and how he made a living. 4. Describe Jesus’ final days. 3. Jesus was born in Bethlehem and grew up in Galilee. His father trained him to be a carpenter. 4. Jesus was arrested and after a brief trail, he was crucified and died. He was put in a tomb and after three days, according to his disciples, he was resurrected and later went up into heaven. Questions: Jesus and the Birth of Christianity pages 436 – 437 cont.
5. How does Christianity relate to Judaism? Discuss what role Jesus’ disciples played in establishing Christianity. 5. Jesus’ disciples spread his teachings and their belief that he was the Messiah promised in Jewish scripture. Questions: Jesus and the Birth of Christianity pages 436 – 437 Cont.
a. Who was the founder of Islam and where was he born? b. A believer in Islam is called a _______ 2. According to the Islamic religion, who revealed the will of God to Muhammad? a. A man named Muhammad, he was born in Mecca about A.D. 570. b. A believer is called a Muslim. 2. The angel Gabriel Questions: Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam pages 437 - 438
3. What is the Quran? 4. Why were the leaders of Mecca threatened by Muhammad’s teachings? 3. The collection of God’s revelations to Muhammad. 4. He criticized the wealthy and encouraged people to worship one God. His teachings threatened their traditions and businesses. Questions: Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam pages 436 – 438 Cont.
Summary Activity: Pick three of the following and respond: • Critical Thinking Activity- Use page 436 and clarify the sequence of Jewish exile by putting the following facts in order. Which happened 1st, 2nd, 3rd. Israel came under Roman control, Jews revolted against Rome, and Jerusalem was destroyed. Babylonians destroyed the First Temple in Jerusalem, Jews were exiled to Babylon. Persians took control of Mesopotamia, Cyrus allowed Jews to return to Jerusalem.
Summary Activity: Cont. 2. The painting on page 437 is one of the most famous paintings in the world. Write down all the details that you notice in the painting. Which figure represents Jesus? How can you tell? 3. Muslims consider Muhammad a prophet. Why?
Summary Activity: Cont. 4. Look at the map on page 439 use this map to answer the following questions. a. What two sites are holy to all three religions? b. In what parts of the map are most of the Christian holy sites located? c. What river runs through the center of the map? d. What does this map indicate about the importance of this region to Christians, Jews and Muslims?