Protective Textiles Sector Presentation (2013)
Contents • Protective Textiles – An Introduction • Types of Protective Textiles • Protective Textiles in India • Incentives offered under TMTT • Centre of Excellence for Protective Textiles • Key Contact Points
1. Protective Textiles – An Introduction • What are Protective Textiles? • Protective textiles comprise clothing and other textile-based systems whose main function is to protect the users from hazards such as civil and military emergency interventions, hospitals and manufacturing environments that require insulation from bacterial and viral contamination. • Applications of Protective Textiles • Thermal Protection e.g. flame, convective and radiant heat protection (firefighters etc.) • Biological Protection (Protection from deadly Bacteria/Virus) • Radiation Protection (chemical, radioactive contamination) • Electrostatic Protection (Protection against electro-static charges) • Invisibility Protection (High Visibility warning clothing) • Mechanical Protection (Ballistic protection, cut resistant gloves etc.) • Environmental Protection (Astronaut's suits, petrochemical, gas, refineries, adverse weather etc.)
1. Protective Textiles – An Introduction • Selection factors for designing of the protective textiles: • Clothing configuration of components and options • Sizes • Ease of donning on and off • Clothing construction • Accommodation of other selected ensemble equipment • Comfort and restriction of mobility • Environment type from which protection is needed. • Fibres used for making protective textiles: • Meta-Para aramides – Nomex: high resistance, tear, tensile strength, expensive, • Wool viscoses polyamide – marlan : repelency of molten metal, heat insulation, transparency. • Glass fiber - High resistance, insulating. • Modacrylic cotton – Marko wiki: Marko : electric arc flash protection, comfort, flame-resistant, efficient, skin friendly, antistatic. • Polyamide – Kevlar : extreme resistance, low ageing
1. Protective Textiles – An Introduction • Protective Textiles find uses in the following industries: • Military & Police Force • Transport • Medical • Security Guards • Climbing • Skiing • Water Sports • Offshore Diving • Foundries • Winter Sports • Coal Mining • Glass Workers • Health Care • Sports • Racing Drivers • Astronauts • Cold Storage Workers • Oil And Gas Rig Workers • Construction Industry
2. Types of Protective Textiles • Ballistic Protection Garments • Garments manufactured on the basis of type and level of the threat caused by projectile. • Made of high performance fibres such as Kevlar, Spectra, Zylon, Dyneema • Armor is made of hard and soft parts. Hard Part has ceramic plate with polymer backing, which prevents the plate from brittle fragmentation. • For knives and needles (cut resistance), tight weave with film lamination and abrasive coating are commonly used to improve penetration resistance. • Physical requirements • Light weight and low bulk • High durability and dimensional stability • Good handle and drape • Low noise emission
2. Types of Protective Textiles • Blunt Impact Protection Textiles • Such textiles protect the wearer against injuries caused by blunt impacts. • For law enforcement, corrections, military, and other personnel involved in emergency response operations, the protection against blunt impact threats can be a matter of life or death. • To quantify the levels of protection of a Blunt Trauma PPE, users and industry rely on technical standards. A balance between protection and functionality allow users to have good flexibility and mobility. • Good air ventilation underneath the PPE suit can protect users against heat stroke or hyperthermia. • This includes protection from vehicle accidents, falls, physical assaults with weapons like bats, metal bars etc.
2. Types of Protective Textiles • Pressure Hazard Protection • Used for protection against extremely high and extremely low external pressures such as deep see diving, space, fighter aircrafts etc. • Fully air impermeable suits and can withstand extreme conditions and typically have their own air supply via a dedicated support system. • Generally these suits are made using the textile materials such as Nylon tricot knitted fabric, Spandex, Urethane-coated Nylon, Dacron, Neoprene-coated Nylon, Mylar, Gortex, Kevlar, Nomex.
2. Types of Protective Textiles • Environmental Hazard Protection • Generally used for survival and operation in temperatures below –30 °c. • Generally such garments are multilayered and consist of : • Non-absorbent inner layer • Middle insulating layer capable of trapping air but permeable to moisture • An outer layer that is impermeable to wind and water
2. Types of Protective Textiles • Fire Hazard Protection • Flame resistance in fabrics is achieved using flame resistant materials and fibres such as: • Fire Fighter’s clothing consists of flame resistant inner layer which is composed of moisture barrier and thermal barrier and lining. • Outer Shell provides flame resistance, thermal resistance and mechanical resistance. • This layer must be suitable for wet, dry, hot and cold conditions and is commonly made from kevlar and nomex. • The moisture barrier to keep the fire fighter dry and the material must prevent water penetration. • The thermal barrier provides the main protection against heat. • Nomex • Kevlar • Glass • Polyester • Polyamide • Carbon • Propane treated cotton • Modacrylic • Polypropylene
2. Types of Protective Textiles • Chemical and Biological Hazard Protection • Such protective textiles protect the human body from direct contact with hazardous substances such as infectious agents such as bacteria and chemicals. • These textiles are used in the following instances: • Emergency chemical and biological hazard response • Handling of chemical waste • Acid baths and other treatments in electronics manufacturing • Equipment leaks or failures • Handling of liquid chemicals in manufacturing • Application of pesticides and other agricultural chemicals. • A typical chemical and biological protective textile consists of three main components: • A textile outer layer, which can be either woven or non-woven • An inner layer of protective material • A textile liner fabric.
2. Types of Protective Textiles • Chemical and Biological Hazard Protection • There are 4 types of protective materials with their different capabilities: • Air- permeable materials (For Liquid Repellency) • Semi permeable materials (Protection from Gases) • Selectively permeable materials (SPMS) (Protective barrier to chemicals, while only moisture from body escapes out) • Impermeable materials (Protection from warfare agents)
2. Types of Protective Textiles • Electrical Hazard Protection • Electrical hazards include: • Electromagnetic protection • Electrostatic protection • Such protective garments shall consist of conductive fibres such as carbon fibre, synthetic fibres, metal fibres with carbon core and conductive polymer • Another method of making such garments is by the way of coating or laminating the fabric with high electrical conductivity materials or application of conductive finish to the fabric
2. Types of Protective Textiles • Nuclear Radiation Protection • Designed to protect people working in: • Nuclear plants, • X-ray departments • Conventionally transmitted radiation is shielded by placing a heavy radiation barrier (lead) between the radioactive dirt and the worker • However, a new product ‘Demron’ is also being used these days for the purpose • Demronis made by laminating a polymer film between a woven and nowovenfabric wherein the polymer is a composite of polyurethane and polyvinylchloride, that block x-rays, low energy gamma, and alpha and beta emissions
3. Protective Textiles in India • The current size of the Personal Protective clothing and Equipment (PPE) market in the EU is estimated around €10 billion • The protective textiles segment in India has grown from INR 1,302 crorein 2007-08 to INR 1,890 croresby the year 2011-12 with a CAGR of 9.77%. • As per the sub group on technical textiles, the protective textiles segment in India is expected to grow from INR 2,325 crorein 2012-13 to INR 5,322 croreby 2016-17 at a CAGR of 23% • The pie chart on the left indicates the market share of each technical textiles segment in India. • Protective textiles (protech) comprise 3% of the total market for Technical Textiles. • Majority of the Protective Textiles are consumed by Defense and Railways (institutional buyers) • Government is exploring the introduction of mandatory usage regulations for protective textiles within certain industries in India
3. Protective Textiles in India • Major Suppliers of Protective Textiles in India: • Bullet proof jackets: Tata Advanced Material Limited, AnjaniTechnoplast • Chemical coated fire retardant fabrics: Rajasthan Weaving and Spinning Mills Limited, Jaya Shree Textile • Inherent fire retardant fabrics: Trevira from Reliance Netherlands B.V, Rajasthan Weaving and Spinning Mills Limited • Fire/flame retardant apparel: Tara Lohia Pvt. Limited, Mallcom India Limited • Nuclear Biological and Chemical (NBC) suits/Hazmat suits: The Ordnance Factory • High-visibility clothing: Reflectosafe, Intech Safety Private Limited • Chemical protection clothing: Northstar Safety Products Pvt. Ltd. (Chandigarh), Intech (Kolkata), and Jyotech Engineering Co. Pvt. Ltd. • High-altitude clothing: Ordnance Factory Board, EntermondePolycoaters • Industrial gloves: Mallcom India Limited, Rajda Industries and Exports Pvt. Ltd.
4. Incentives Offered Under TMTT • Launched in December 2010, Technology Mission on Technical Textiles encourages domestic & export market development of technical textiles including industrial textiles. • Business start-up assistance • Handholding support to new entrepreneurs through empanelled consultants • Empanelled consultant will help MSME in product selection, market selection, technology selection & sourcing and preparation of project report • Financial Assistance – 2% - 3% of the project cost with an upper ceiling at Rs. 5 lakhs – Rs. 6 lakhs • Contract research assistance • Encourages contract research in development of product, process and technology in technical textiles including industrial textiles • Financial Assistance – 60% of the research cost upto Rs. 20 lakhs • Market development assistance for export sales • Encourages participation in exhibition, trade fairs, etc. in foreign countries • Financial assistance – 50% of the cost upto Rs. 5 lakh per visit. • For further details, please visit – http://technotex.gov.in/tmttsub.htm
5. Centre of Excellence for Protective Textiles • Ministry of Textiles, Government of India has sponsored a Centre of Excellence for Protective Textiles at North India Textile Research Association (NITRA), Ghaziabad.
6. Key Contact Points • Office of Textile Commissioner Email: email@example.com Ph: 91-22-22001050 • Project Management and Monitoring Consultant (PMMC) to TMTT Email: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com Ph: +91-9999987174 (Hemant) or +91-9769825350 (Vikas) • Centre of Excellence in Protective Textiles Email:firstname.lastname@example.org Phone : 0120-2786434/451,2783334/586/592/638/090/094Fax.: +91 120-2783596 • Indian Technical Textile Association Email: email@example.com Ph: 91-22-24945372 / 24949983