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Plates on the Move

Plates on the Move

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Plates on the Move

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  1. Plates on the Move Guide to plate movement http://www.thesciencequeen.net/7Units.htm

  2. There are three types of plate movement

  3. 1. Divergent • Also known as seafloor spreading • Plates are separating from each other as a new land mass forms • This is seen at mid-ocean ridges and rifts • Plate separation is a slow process. For example, divergence along the Mid Atlantic ridge causes the Atlantic Ocean to widen at only about 2 centimeters per year. Picture from www.geology.com Author Hobart M. King

  4. 2. Convergent • Two continental plates collide. & crumple the edges of the plates & form mountains. • We can see the end result of the collision between the Indian & Eurasian plates which are the Himalayan Mountains. Picture from USGS Picture from www.geology.com Author Hobart M. King

  5. Subduction • When an oceanic plate goes underneath or is subducted under a continental plate it is called subduction. • This forms a trench, or deep valley, where the plates meet. • An example of a subduction zone is the Marianas Trench where the Pacific Plate is subducting under the Eurasian Plate. • Subduction is another type of a convergent plate movement. Picture from www.geology.com Author Hobart M. King

  6. 3. Transform • Two plates slide past each other • Example: San Andreas Fault in California Picture from www.geology.com Author Hobart M. King

  7. Transform Convergent Divergent

  8. http://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/infopage/ringfire.gif