Women In Afghanistan By Sarah Moseley, Gabby D’Angelo, Ashley Rynar, MaylingFossi, and Kalyn Winn.
Women’s Apparel • Burqa • Pants (tumbaan) • Overdress (parahaan) • Headcovering (chaadar) • Footwear (payzaar)
The Burqa • Originated as an Islamic custom. • The Qur’an states that women and men must dress modestly. • At first it was a personal choice to wear a burqa. • During the reign of the Taliban however, it was the law that women had to wear a burqa in public. (1996 – 2001) • Now women do not have to wear a burqa as part of the law, but some do as a form of safety or personal choice. • Creates a feeling of suffocation for women.
Women Before the Taliban • High maternal and child mortality. • Women helped to draft the 1964 Constitution. • In the 1970’s there were 3 women legislatures in Parliament. • During the 1980’s, the female adult literacy rate was only 8%. • Up to the early 1990’s, women were teachers, government workers, doctors, professors, lawyers, judges, journalists, and poets.
Women Under the Taliban • Forced out of their jobs. • Had to wear clothing from head to toe. • Couldn’t leave the house without a male escort. • Couldn’t seek medical attention from a male doctor. • 54% of girls under 18 years of age were forced to marry (most to men in the Taliban). • Increased number of abductions, rape, and prostitution caused by Taliban fighters.
Women Today • Under the Constitution, men and women are now equal. • Only 5% of women can read and write. • Still forced into marriages and denied basic education. • Only about 15% of births are attended to by trained health workers. • An estimated 15,000 Afghan women die each year due to pregnancy related causes. • Women are starting to work their way back into Parliament, but there is talk of current negotiations between the Taliban and the current Afghan government.
Aisha • “Aisha, 18, was dragged from her home by the Taliban after running away from her husband. Despite her pleas that her in-laws had been abusive, that they had treated her like a slave, that she had no choice but to escape, a Taliban commander said she must be punished, lest other girls in the village try to do the same thing. Aisha's family members carried out the punishment: her brother-in-law held her down while her husband sliced off her ears and nose, then left her to die. She is now hidden in a secret women's shelter, where she was taken after receiving care from U.S. forces.” –Time Magazine (August 9, 2010)
Bibliography • http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,2007161_2170316,00.html • http://www.un.org/events/women/2002/sit.htm • http://www.afghan-web.com/woman/ • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_Afghanistan#The_Burqa • http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2007238,00.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burqa#Origin