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Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) PowerPoint Presentation
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Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs)

Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs)

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Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs)

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  1. Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) Submission Title: [Use Cases, Applications, and Requirements for BANs] Date Submitted: [January 17, 2007] Source: [Carlos Cordeiro] Company [Philips] Address [345 Scarborough Rd., Briarcliff Manor, NY 10562] Voice: [+1 914-945-6091], FAX: [+1 914-945-6330], E-Mail: [Carlos.Cordeiro@philips.com] Re: [In response to Call for BAN Use Cases and Applications] Abstract: [This presentation illustrates key use cases, applications and technical requirements for BAN.] Purpose: [To provide information on BAN use cases, applications and technical requirements.] Notice: This document has been prepared to assist the IEEE P802.15. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein. Release: The contributor acknowledges and accepts that this contribution becomes the property of IEEE and may be made publicly available by P802.15. Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  2. Outline • Introduction • Applications • Use Cases • Requirements for BANs • Application • Technical • Conclusions Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  3. Introduction • BAN is about providing a unified and scalable (in terms of data rate, power, number and density of nodes) solution for connectivity in, on and around the body • Enables the convergence of sensors/actuators, wireless communication and healthcare/consumer devices • Towards the connected consumer experience • A BAN standard must: • Provide the pathway to achieve the required scalability and low power goals • Provide the necessary QoS, coexistence, security, network management, SAR compliance and reliability needed by the envisioned applications • A BAN standard must address healthcare applications • Many upcoming applications from both professional and consumer arenas • “Wireless applications that improve the lives and quality of service to cardiac patients represent only the first wave in what will be an ever-exploding field”1 • Consumer electronic (CE) applications should also be considered 1 N. Ansari et al, “Wireless technology advances and challenges for telemedicine,” IEEE Comm. Magazine, vol. 44, no. 4, April 2006. Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  4. BAN Applications • Convergence of healthcare and CE applications towards the connected consumer experience • Healthcare • Implantable medical devices • Cancer tracking, cardiac pacemakers / defibrillators, neurostimulators, drug pumps, glucose sensor, etc. • Swallowable • Pills for drug delivery and imaging • Wearable sensors • EEG, ECG, blood pressure, body temperature, … • Hearing aids • Wellness / Fitness sensors • Baby care • CE • Wearable audio & Video stream • Remote control & I/O devices • E.g., Imaging Source: G. Haubrich (Medtronic, Inc.), “Wireless Applications in Healthcare: Wireless Telemetry for Active Implantable Medical Device (AiMD) Systems,” IEEE Spectrum Webcast, Nov. 30, 2006. Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  5. BAN Applications Backbone Implanted Body-worn Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  6. Use Case: Drug Delivery • Pill travels in the gastro-intestinal tract and is in periodic wireless communication to an external unit near the body • Pill lifetime is between 8-72 hours • Communication range is between 1 and 3 meters Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  7. Use Case: Drug Delivery • Patient at home • Pill reports actions and sensor data to portable unit every few seconds or minutes • Possibly more than one pill in the patient • Can not guarantee portable unit is within range • Pill may store data and download when portable unit is found • Patient in research clinic or hospital • Multiple patients on a clinical ward • Pill reports actions and sensor data • Possible central external unit talking to and commending several pills • Data rate • Generally low: status and simple sensor (e.g., pH) measurements taken on the order of every minute • Exception: use of an image sensor where images are taken and transmitted • Commercial products exist with data rates as high as 800 Kbps Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  8. Electrodes Leads Implanted Pulse Generator (IPG) Use Case: Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) • A treatment of neurological diseases and conditions by an implanted brain pacemaker that stimulates different regions of the brain with electrical impulses Source: Medtronic, Inc. Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  9. Use Case: Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) • The IPG needs to • Communicate wirelessly with an external unit • Communicate wirelessly with an electrode controlling unit • Requirements • Data rate between 128 Kbps and 320 Kbps • BER < 10-10 • Stand-by power < 0.1 mW • Lifetime between 3 to 5 years • Range less than 3m Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  10. Use Case: Tumor Growth, Treatment • Based on sensed data by implanted devices, doctors can change a patient’s treatment or even recalibrate the implanted device1 • Doctors can decide when it is the right time to take the next step in a patient’s treatment • Requirements • Data rate < 20 Kbps in most cases • Range < 3m • BER < 10-10 1 See: “MIT implant measures tumor growth, treatment”, Dec. 4, 2006 Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  11. Use Case: Glucose Level Monitor • In patients with diabetes, a body-worn glucose monitor analyzes the level of glucose in the body • If the glucose level surpasses a desirable value, the glucose monitor informs the patient and, if appropriate, communicates with the implanted insulin pump to release the right amount of insulin • Data rate in the order of 1 Kbps Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  12. Use Case: Healthcare and CE (1) • While doing exercise, one could use the same personal device (e.g., MP3 player, cellular phone, etc.) to: • Stream music to a wireless headset • Receive and display sensing data such as heart rate, glucose level, body temperature, speed, distance, etc. • Information sensed can be used to set the pace for the rider • If an abnormal event is detected, an alarm is sent from the personal device to the wireless headset Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  13. Use Case: Healthcare and CE (2) • User carries a mobile device (e.g., cellular phone) which controls and displays a number of features: • Sensors: body temperature, glucose level, heart rate, etc. • Streaming to wireless headset • Remote control (e.g., the PDA, personal CD player, etc.) • Mobile device is also used as a gateway to send remote patient monitoring data to a central database where it can be accessed by the patient’s physician • Scalable data rate (up to 10Mbps) and power consumption (up to 40mW) requirements Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  14. Summary of Some Application Requirements Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  15. Some Technical Requirements Carlos Cordeiro, Philips

  16. Conclusions • We have introduced a set of applications, use cases, and technical requirements that BAN networks must satisfy • These must be accounted for in the BAN PAR and 5C • Existing IEEE 802 standards do not address the requirements of all these envisioned BAN applications and use cases • Healthcare applications should be addressed by any new BAN standard • However, CE applications should also be considered Carlos Cordeiro, Philips