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Carbon is the main ingredient of organic molecules

Carbon is the main ingredient of organic molecules

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Carbon is the main ingredient of organic molecules

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  1. Carbon is the main ingredient of organic molecules Ch. 5.1

  2. Carbon Skeletons and Functional Groups • Carbon is found in ___________________ • Can _______________________________ • Can ____________________with other atoms • When bonding with other atoms, forms a ______________________________ • ____________________________ any __________________ molecule • Molecules without carbon are called __________________________ • Ex. _____________

  3. Carbon Skeletons

  4. Organic molecules of _____________ and _______________  ________________ • Ex: fuels like methane (______________) • http://portal.lions.k12.ar.us/tjones/physci/Photos/Methane-Molecule.gif

  5. ________________________ group of atoms in a molecule that act in ___________ ways with _________________________ • Need to know the structures! • The ____________________________ group determine the ________________ of organic molecules • Ex. ___________________  water-______ (attracted to H2O) and ________________ → water-____________ (repelled by H2O)

  6. Functional group diagrams

  7. Monomers and Polymers • _____________ are small molecular units

  8. Chain of monomers _______________ • http://www.gcsescience.com/Pentanol.gif

  9. When a monomer is _______________; ____________________________is _____________________ (_______________ REACTION) • When a monomer is __________________; ___________________________________ (__________________ REACTION) • “hydro” = ______________ • “lysis” = ________________

  10. http://www.yellowtang.org/images/dehydration_hydroly_c_la_784.jpghttp://www.yellowtang.org/images/dehydration_hydroly_c_la_784.jpg

  11. 4 main categories for large molecules • Every living cell has thousands of different kinds of ________________ • Life’s large molecules: • ______________________ • ______________________ • ______________________ • ______________________

  12. Concept Check • 1. Draw a molecule that has a 3-C skeleton and a hydroxyl group in the middle carbon • 2. Explain the connection between monomers and polymers