OHSAS 18001:2007 Key changes from OHSAS 18001:1999
Overview • Published July 2007. • OHSAS 18001:2007 refers to itself as a standard and not a specification, or document, as in the earlier edition. • Reflects the increasing adoption of OHSAS 18001 as the basis for national standards on occupational health and safety management systems.
Some highlighted changes • Major alignment with ISO 14001 • Health is more clearly addressed and emphasized, as this was more diminished in the ’99-edition. Clearer focus on health is mainly substantiated by: • the new definition of “Ill health” and revised definitions for “incident” and “risk” • new clause b) in ch. 4.2 OH&S policy • new clause c) in ch. 4.5.1 Performance measurement and monitoring • Management of Change clearly addressed as part of 4.3.1 and 4.4.6
Key Changes:Scope and Definitions Scope (1) • Property damage and damage to the workplace environment are no longer part of the scope for OHSAS (also reflected in revised definition of “Hazard”). Definitions (3) • Related to OH&S these changes in Definitions are considered most substantial : • New definitions for “Ill health” and “workplace”. • Revised definitions for “hazard”, “incident” and “risk” • 6 new terms are defined in OHSAS:2007 to harmonize with common terminology in ISO 14001 and ISO 9001: Document, procedure, record, corrective action, preventive action and OH&S policy. • “Tolerable risk” replaced by “acceptable risk”
Key Changes:General Requirements and Policy General Requirements (4.1) OHSAS:2007 more explicit on: • Continual improvement of the OHSMS. • Need for the organization to define and document the scope for the OHSMS. OH&S Policy (4.2): • OH&S Policy (4.2) more explicit to require communication of policy to “all persons working under the control of the organization” and not only to “employees” as in previous edition. • New clause b) to include a “commitment to prevention of injury and ill health and …”.
Key Changes:Planning Hazard identification, risk assessment and determining controls (4.3.1) • OHSAS:2007 improved to clarify the process steps: Hazard Identification → Risk assessment → Determination of controls • OHSAS:2007 more explicitly addresses Management of change • Introduced new paragraph considering the hierarchy of controls as part of OH&S planning Legal and other requirements (4.3.2) • OHSAS:2007 explicit to require that applicable legal requirements and other requirements to which the organization subscribes are taken into account in establishing, implementing and maintaining its OH&S management system Objectives and program (s) (4.3.3) • Former 4.3.4 merged into this clause
Key Changes:Implementation and operation Resources, roles, responsibility, accountability and authority (4.4.1) OHSAS:2007 more explicit to require: • Insurance by the organisation that persons in the workplace in general take responsibility for aspects of OH&S over which they have control and adheres to applicable OH&S requirements. • Commitment from top management on OH&S management. Competence, training and awareness (4.4.2) OHSAS:2007 more explicit on: • Addressing awareness training for “persons working under its control” and not limited to employees as in previous edition. • Retaining records of relevant training, education and experience
Key Changes:Implementation & operation, cont’d…. Communication, participation and consultation (4.4.3) • OHSAS:2007 more explicit on addressing communication to contractors and other visitors to the workplace with regard to the OH&S hazards and consultation with contractors when there are changes affecting their OH&S • New ch. 126.96.36.199 requires appropriate involvement from workers in hazard identification, risk assessment and determination of controls and within incident investigation and development of OH&S policies and objectives. Control of documents (4.4.5) • OHSAS:2007 explicitly requires control of documents of external origin. Operational control (4.4.6) • OHSAS:2007 explicitly refers that operations and activities related to management of change shall be considered for needed operational controls.
Key Changes:Checking Performance measurement and monitoring (4.5.1) • OHSAS:2007 includes new clause c) for monitoring the effectiveness of controls and stating explicitly that this shall be done for health as well as for safety. Evaluation of compliance (4.5.2) • New clause in OHSAS:2007, requirements fully aligned to ISO 14001 Incident investigation, nonconformity, corrective action and preventive action (4.5.3) • OHSAS:2007 includes new ch 188.8.131.52 on Incident investigation. Although partly covered in previous edition more emphasis have been put on this issue.
Key Changes:Management review Management review (4.6) OHSAS 18001:2007 largely aligned with ISO 14001 and lists the following required input to Management review: • results of internal audits and evaluations of compliance with applicable legal requirements and with other requirements to which the organization subscribes, • the results of participation and consultation (see 4.4.3) • relevant communication(s) from external interested parties, including complaints, • the OH&S performance of the organization, • the extent to which objectives have been met, • status of incident investigations, corrective actions and preventive actions, • follow-up actions from previous management reviews, • changing circumstances, including developments in legal and other requirements related to OH&S, and • recommendations for improvement.