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Factories and Machinery (Steam Boiler and Unfired Pressure Vessel) Regulations, 1970 PowerPoint Presentation
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Factories and Machinery (Steam Boiler and Unfired Pressure Vessel) Regulations, 1970

Factories and Machinery (Steam Boiler and Unfired Pressure Vessel) Regulations, 1970

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Factories and Machinery (Steam Boiler and Unfired Pressure Vessel) Regulations, 1970

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  1. Factories and Machinery (Steam Boiler and Unfired Pressure Vessel) Regulations, 1970

  2. Part I General Conditions • Describes condition for obtaining permission from DOSH before a steam boiler or unfired pressure vessel (UPV) is manufactured or imported • DOSH may accept the design and operation details of the item and issue an authorized safe working pressure (SWP) • Steam boilers and UPV (autoclaves, sterilizers and gas cylinders) must comply to codes listed in the Schedules FKM, UTM

  3. Part II Steam Boilers • Details on safety fittings required on a steam boiler • Burner system of steam boiler FKM, UTM

  4. Part III Unfired Pressure Vessel • Air receiver, steam receiver and other UPV • Essential safety fittings and further specifications FKM, UTM

  5. Part IV Miscellaneous Provisions • Piping associated with steam boiler • Procedure for hydrostatic test before put into service and at 7 year intervals • Registration plate that display registration number FKM, UTM

  6. Factories and Machinery (Administration) Regulations, 1970

  7. Factories and Machinery (Administration) Regulations, 1970 • Set out the administration by DOSH officer of FMA and regulations • List of fees charged for an officer’s service • Describe the records that must be kept by DOSH personnel • DOSH must provide a report on the administration of the Act and regulations to the minister every year. FKM, UTM

  8. Factories and Machinery (Compounding of Offences) Rules, 1978 andFactories and Machinery (Compounding of Offences) Regulations, 1978

  9. Compounding of Offences • Some offences can be compounded • Compounding is an agreement to receive of money from an offender instead of prosecuting him • Describes offences that can be compounded • Rules gives procedures to be followed by DOSH for compounding an offence FKM, UTM

  10. Factories and Machinery (Building Operations and Works of Engineering Construction) (Safety) Regulations, 1986

  11. Building Operations and Works of Engineering Construction • Works of engineering construction: “… the construction of any railway line or siding and the construction, structural alteration or repair (including re-pointing and re-painting) or the demolition of any dock, harbor, inland navigation, tunnel, bridge, viaduct, waterworks or gas holder…” • Regulation applies in addition to any other relevant FMA or regulation requirements, e.g. certificate of fitness for hoisting machine, guarding of dangerous parts f machinery • There are 17 parts in the regulation: FKM, UTM

  12. Part 2 • Describes general precautions that should be taken • Use of PPE, electrical safety, lighting, access to workplaces, storage of materials and disposal of debris FKM, UTM

  13. Part 3 • Precautions to be taken in the erection and dismantling of formwork for concrete buildings FKM, UTM

  14. Part 4 • Safety requirements involved in the erection of structural steel and pre-cast concrete structures • Temporary floorings needs to follow up the construction of a steel frame building (Regulation 38) • Working on steep roofs (Regulations 39 to 42) • Crawling board or roofing brackets must be installed on roofs with a slope greater than 1 in 4 (Regulation 40) FKM, UTM

  15. Part 6 • Catch platform erected along the exterior faces of structures for demolition originally more than 12.2 meters in height • Protect public against falling objects FKM, UTM

  16. Part 7 • Chutes for rubbish removal totally enclosed if the angles exceed 45 degrees from horizontal • Design and construction of chutes (Regulations 46 to 49) • Use and inspection of safety belts and safety nets (Regulations 50 to 57) FKM, UTM

  17. Part 8 • Runway and ramps for the use of vehicles, workers and barrows (Regulations 58 to 61) FKM, UTM

  18. Part 9 • Ladders and step ladders • Securely fixed so that they cannot slip • Ladder access is necessary for all work exceeding 1.5 meters in height (Regulation 71) FKM, UTM

  19. Part 10 • Scaffold and their components must be well structured from suitable and sound material and of adequate strength • Sufficient materials available to construct the scaffold • Scaffold material properly stored and when not in use kept away from defective material FKM, UTM

  20. Part 10 (continue) • Every scaffold properly maintained and accidental displacement must be prevented • Scaffold securely placed or fixed in position • Stability of scaffold – independent, putlog or mobile units (Regulations 76 and 77) FKM, UTM

  21. Part 10 (continue) • Provision of braces, ties, the structural integrity of the building supporting the scaffold • Requirements concerning the construction, stability and firm base requirements for mobile towers • Scaffolds inspect weekly or after exposure to severe weather condition • Inspection results entered into a register kept on site • Guard rails are required on scaffolds if persons may fall > 3 meters FKM, UTM

  22. Part 11 • Required precautions for demolition • Main provisions: • No part of the building or structure can be allowed to become dangerously overloaded with debris • The following work must be done under close supervision of a competent person with adequate experience of work: • Demolition of all or part of a building structure (except when there is no foreseeable risk of collapse) • Demolition of all or part of a building or structure where there is a special risk of collapse of anything as a result of the demolition • Cutting of an reinforced concrete steelwork or ironwork forming part of the building or structure being demolished and before the cutting precautions are to be taken to prevent twisting, springing or collapse FKM, UTM

  23. Part 12 • Safety in excavation work • Excavation shored up or cut back to prevent collapse • Guardrails must be installed if excavations exceed 3 meters in depth (Regulation 113) • Excavation provided with safe access if more than 1.2 meters deep (Regulation 115) FKM, UTM

  24. Part 13 • Storage and disposal of building materials • Safe method of stacking bricks, masonry blocks and bags (Regulation 122) FKM, UTM

  25. Part 14 • Safety in piling work • Inspect pile driving equipment daily by a competent person • Competent person to personally direct the work and give the operating signals (Regulation 127) FKM, UTM

  26. Part 15 • Explosives must not be handled or used except by or under the immediate control of a competent person • When explosive are fired, employees must not be exposed to risks of injury from the explosion or flying material • Take steps to prevent accidents FKM, UTM

  27. Part 16 • Hand and power tools must be maintained in a safe condition • Use of hand tools, electric, pneumatic, hydraulic, fuel and power driven equipment FKM, UTM

  28. Safety Organization on Site • Main contractor should appoint a part-time site safety supervisor – spend at least 15 hours per week on safety supervision • Contractor with more than 20 persons on the site appoint contractor’s safety supervisor - spend at least 5 hours per week on safety supervision • Safety supervisor should be competent person with at least 2 years experience as a site foreman FKM, UTM

  29. Safety Organization on Site • When 50 or more persons are employed on a construction site, the main contractor should establish a safety committee • Committee consist of a senior member of he main contractor’s staff, all appointed safety supervisors and any appointed site workers FKM, UTM

  30. REGULATIONS ON HEALTH

  31. REGULATIONS ON HEALTH • FMA 1967 contains regulations at preventing exposure and minimizing the health effects of certain hazards • Specific regulations exist for lead, mineral dust, asbestos and noise FKM, UTM

  32. Factories and Machineries (Lead) Regulations, 1984

  33. Factories and Machineries (Lead) Regulations, 1984 • Specify a range of duties and controls • Health surveillance (blood test) and administrative control • Key features: • Permissible exposure limit (PEL) of 150 μgm3 of air averaged over an 8 hour period • Protection factor may be taken into account when respiratory protection is worn • Employers are required to carry out atmospheric monitoring • Personal samples to be taken from employees exposed to lead FKM, UTM

  34. Factories and Machineries (Lead) Regulations, 1984 • Specific detail of monitoring program: • Initial determination made using representative sample or worst case (highest exposure) • Monitoring for all employees exposed above action limit • Frequency of monitoring – at least every 6 months for exposures below PEL and above action level (75 μgm3) • Every 3 months for exposures above PEL • Employees must be notified of results FKM, UTM

  35. Factories and Machineries (Lead) Regulations, 1984 • Specify engineering control and work practice to be used to control exposure to below PEL • Specify respiratory protection based on airborne concentrations of lead • Employers provide other forms of protective equipment (coveralls, gloves, goggles, shoes etc.) and ensure employees use them • Employer is to arrange for their cleaning and storage • Provide change room and shower facilities • Provide medical surveillance program for all employees exposed above the action level for > 30 days per year FKM, UTM

  36. Factories and Machineries (Lead) Regulations, 1984 • Frequency of biological monitoring is specified as well as the frequency of medical examination • Temporarily removed an employee from exposures above the action level where blood levels are above 80 μgm/100 gm for males and 40 μgm/100 gm for females of child bearing capacity • Employee training • Procedure for record keeping • Penalty – RM2000.00 FKM, UTM

  37. Factories and Machineries (Asbestos Process) Regulations, 1986

  38. Factories and Machineries (Asbestos Process) Regulations, 1986 • Establishes a PEL of 1 fiber/ml of air over 8 hour period • Requires exhaust equipment (LEV) to be provided in order to keep exposures below PEL • Requires equipment to be examined and tested at specified intervals by a competent person • Provide PPE in the prescribed area or where concentrations exceed PEL • Obligation on employees to use PPE • Cleaning and housekeeping FKM, UTM

  39. Factories and Machineries (Asbestos Process) Regulations, 1986 • Personal monitoring at least at 3 monthly intervals to comply with regulations • Medical examination of employees at least every 2 years (lung function test) • Specify details of the test • Provide employees with training on the process, controls, PPE and medical surveillance • Medical records kept for 20 years • Remove employees from work area if there is indications of asbestos related diseases FKM, UTM

  40. Factories and Machinery (Noise Exposure) Regulations, 1989

  41. Factories and Machinery (Noise Exposure) Regulations, 1989 • Permissible exposure level: • Equivalent continuous sound level of 90 dB(A) • Noise dose of unity • Not exceeding limit in schedule • Maximum noise level of 115 dB (A) • Impulsive noise not to exceed 140 dB (A) • Method of compliance is by engineering and/or administrative controls • PPE is used if these are not practicable FKM, UTM

  42. Factories and Machinery (Noise Exposure) Regulations, 1989 • Initial and ongoing monitoring for employees exposed above PEL • Hearing protection for employees exposed above the action level • Hearing protection must attenuate noise levels below the PEL and limit for impulsive noise • Audiometric test program every year if exposure is above PEL or there is a threshold shift • Train employees in aspects of regulations, effects of PPE and audiometric testing FKM, UTM

  43. Factories and Machinery (Mineral Dust) Regulations, 1989

  44. Factories and Machinery (Mineral Dust) Regulations, 1989 • Employers provide and employees required to use protective clothing, respiratory equipment and other protective equipment • Report any defects in the equipment • Sand blasting is prohibited unless written approval from DOSH is obtained • PEL for mineral dust (<1% silica) of 5 mg/m3 respirable and 10 mg/m3 total • PEL of 0.1 mg/m3 quartz and 0.5 mg/m3 for cristobalite and trydimite FKM, UTM

  45. Factories and Machinery (Mineral Dust) Regulations, 1989 • Carry out atmospheric monitoring: • Initial monitoring of all employees in processing area • Every 6 months for exposures between action level and PEL • Every 3 months for exposures above PEL • Employees must be notified of the results FKM, UTM

  46. Factories and Machinery (Mineral Dust) Regulations, 1989 • Control equipment to remove dust (engineering control) • Inspect and maintain equipment • Employer required to provide PPE • Medical examination of employees exposed above action level • Medical records to be kept for 20 years • Provide training for employees on the regulations, nature of the operation, control equipment and medical examination FKM, UTM

  47. Thank You